The Freudian Wish and its Place in Ethics

by Edwin B. Holt

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Edwin B. Holt was born in 1873 in Massachusetts. He earned a PhD from Harvard in 1901, and went on to become an esteemed professor there. He was a psychologist who was also well-read in philosophy. He retired early to write, but then he began teaching for another decade at Princeton University. He wrote a great deal, and became known for his research in developing cognitive behaviorism. In this work, The Freudian Wish and its Place, Holt examines how ‘the wish’ can help explain people’s motivations for their actions. Some of his ideas in this work were expanded upon by Edward C. Tollman, one of Holt’s students, as purposeful behaviorism. Holt passed away in 1946 after many decades of teaching and writing.


The Barbary Coast: Sketches of French North Africa

by Albert Edwards

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The region, French North Africa, was a group of territories in the upper portion of Africa. It emerged after the decline of the Ottoman Empire, which lost control of the region in 1830 when French forces captured Algiers. Algiers became the site of power for France, until the powerful Algerian independence movement fought for free rule in 1962. Morocco overthrew the French protectorate in 1955, and Tunisia in 1956.

Albert Edwards’ work illustrates a xenophobic look at the people, culture and customs he encountered in North Africa. Despite his biased critiques of his encounters, he offers insight on the architecture, markets, and other aspects of the region at the time.


The Magic Casement: An Anthology of Fairy Poetry

by Alfred Noyes

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This cleverly illustrated volume by Alfred Noyes offers a literary selection of poetry that reference fairies in all their shapes and forms. Along with works by Noyes, The Magic Casement also features selections by William Shakespeare, Rudyard Kipling and G. K. Chesterton. Noyes allows the reader to traverse new, fantastic worlds filled with water lilies, humor, love and magic.

Alfred Noyes (1880-1958) was a prolific writer who was able to move successfully across several genres. Though he began in poetry, he also wrote screenplays, science fiction novels, ballads and short stories. He did a great deal of traveling and lecturing, spending time in his birth country of England as well as the United States, Canada, various points in South America, and eventually returning to the Isle of Wight where he spent his final years. He wrote numerous works, including The Loom of Y ears (1902), a biography, William Morris (1908), Some Aspects of Modern Poetry (1924), The Last Man (1940) and his autobiography, Two Worlds for Memory (1953).

This edition has large margins to allow for reader notations.


Checkered Life: In the Old and New World

by Rev. J. L. Ver Mehr

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When J. L Ver Mehr, also known as Jean Leonhard Henri Corneille Ver Mehr, passed away in 1886. The following served as his obituary:

A Brief Sketch of the Life of a Pioneer Clergyman
Rev. Dr. J. L. Ver Mehr, of whose death brief mention was made in yesterday’s papers, was one of the first clergymen of the Protestant Episcopal Church to arrive here. He came by way of Cape Horn, reaching San Francisco in September, 1849. He preached his first sermon in California in the house of a Mr. Merrill, in this city, on the 10th of that month. A chapel was next built before the close of that year at the corner of Powell and John streets and was opened for divine service on December 30th. This was the first Grace Church, the building being 20×60 feet, and costing $8,000. In April, 1850, Dr. Ver Mehr organized Grace Parish, he being the first rector, with David 8. Tamer and E. Bryant as wardens. He preached the first sermon in a new edifice on Powell street in the Summer of 1851. He resigned the rectorship on February 25, 1854, where it was assumed by Bishop Kip, who had arrived one month before that date. Dr. Ver Mehr then took charge of a private school in Sonoma. A few years later he returned to San Francisco and, with his wife, established a seminary. In connection with this institution was the “Chapel of the Holy Innocents,” of which the doctor Was pastor. This building was located at the site of the Denman Grammar School. It was owned by the doctor and was destroyed by fire on the 10th day of October, 1860. For a year or so thereafter Dr. Ver Mehr was editor of the Pacific Churchman. He was one of the Vice-Presidents of the California Bible Society, organized in this city on October 30, 1849. His daughter is the wife of J. M. Seawell, the lawyer, and he leaves grown grandchildren. (Daily Alta California, Volume 40, Number 13095, January 20, 1886)

While the obituary highlights the physical changes Ver Mehr brought to the landscape of Northern California, it does not bring to life the many colorful experiences he had. In Checkered Life, readers are treated to an interesting account of a very full career.


Joseph Stebbins: A Pioneer at the Outbreak of the Revolution

by George Sheldon

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This is an account of one person’s dilemmas during the American Revolution and its aftermath. Joseph Stebbins was born in 1749. He was thrust into the conflict as captain of a militia company of soldiers from Deerfield, Massachusetts. Many colonists experienced mixed emotions about the war, its need and likelihood of success. This work shows Stebbins as a powerful figure galvanizing support for the Revolutionary War in his community.

After the conclusion of the war, colonists faced another difficult task: contrary opinions about the course of the new nation. Conflicting ideals led to Shays Rebellion as Daniel Shays was joined by thousands of fellow citizens in Western Massachusetts in a fight against excessive taxation. Stebbins opposed Shays Rebellion, and for his support, the Massachusetts government rewarded him by promotion to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in 1786. The following year, he became a full colonel. Confirmed in his views by the course of history, he died in 1816.


Dogs in Early New England

by Howard M. Chapin

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Howard M. Chapin’s interesting and unusual study offers a look at dogs in the New England region during the 1600-1700s. He offers accounts derived from both Native Americans and incoming settlers, and includes archival evidence and photographs of artifacts. A dog fancier himself, Chapin sheds some light on a somewhat arcane and understudied aspect of animals in the early United States. This is one of the few studies of dogs in the colonial era and provides a foundation for further investigation.

Howard Millar Chapin was a prolific writer who was especially fond of colonial American history. He was born in 1887 and attended Brown University, graduating in 1908, and then went into business, running his own jewelry store. Later he worked as a manager at the Providence Evening News, and in 1912, he became the Librarian of the Rhode Island Historical Society, until his passing in 1940.


Annals of the Royal Society Club: The Record of a London Dining-Club in the Eighteenth & Nineteenth Centuries

by Sir Archibald Geikie

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Sir Archibald Geikie was born into a life of privilege on December 28, 1835. He attended Edinburgh High School, and then went on to attend the University of Edinburgh. Geikie’s focus was on geology, and he became an assistant with the British Geological Survey, where, among other things, he undertook documenting the Scottish Highlands. He wrote a great deal on the topic, including Scenery of Scotland (1865).

Geikie was very involved in the field: he was appointed the director of the Geological Survey in Scotland, and served as a professor at the University of Edinburgh. In 1881, he became the Director of the Museum of Practical Geology, along with the Director-General of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom.

In addition to surveying and research, Geikie wrote profusely, including numerous biographies, writings on geology, and even Birds of Shakespeare (1916). He enjoyed his clubs, as many Victorian gentlemen did, and as this work makes clear.

This edition is dedicated to the members of DACOR, the celebrated club for diplomats and internationalists in Washington, who carry on many of the traditions in a way that would please Sir Archibald.

Garfield’s Words: Suggestive Passages from the Public and Private Writings of James Abram Garfield

by James Abram Garfield, Compiled by William Ralston Balch

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James A. Garfield (1831-1881) was the 20th President of the United States. His term was cut short when he was assassinated in 1881, the same year he took office. Many biographies highlight the difficult circumstances Garfield overcame to become the President. He was born in Ohio on a farm and grew up helping his widowed mother. He worked many jobs to support his family, and was able to attend Williams College, graduating in 1856. He became a member of the Ohio State Senate, running as a Republican. During the Civil War he served as a major general. He then enjoyed a successful Congressional career in Washington. He rose through the ranks to become the Republican Presidential nominee during the 1880 presidential election. It was close, with Garfield beating his Democratic opponent, Winfield Scott Hancock, with a narrow margin. During his brief term, he worked to end corruption in the Post Office, and pushed civil service reform in many ways, namely the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, which eventually passed through by his successor, President Chester A. Arthur.

Westphalia Press occupies the historic mansion in Washington DC of Harry Garfield, the president’s son, longtime president of Williams, and is the repository of much Garfield memorabilia.

This is a reprint edition with minor text imperfections.

The Story of Alchemy and the Beginnings of Chemistry

by M. M. Pattison Muir


Matthew Moncrieff Pattison Muir was born into a wealthy Scottish family on April 1, 1848 in Glasgow. He was encouraged through his upbringing in an interest in the natural sciences, and focused on chemistry. He did indeed become a chemistry professor at Gonville and Caius College in Cambridge. By 1881, he became a Fellow, and then the head of the Caius Laboratory. His own research was focused on bismuth compounds. His facility for writing was prized, and he became famous for his textbooks, especially Heroes of Science: Chemists (1883) and History of Chemical Theories and Laws (1907).

This is a reprint edition with minor text and illustration imperfections.


The Jester’s Sword: How Aldebaran, the King’s Son, Wore the Sheathed Sword of Conquest

by Annie Fellows Johnston

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Annie Fellows Johnston, born in 1863, grew up in McCutchanville, Indiana as Annie Julia Fellows. Her father, a Methodist minister, died when she was two. Her mother was a strong advocate of Annie’s education, and encouraged her to pursue her writing. Fellows attended the University of Iowa, returned home to teach for a few years, and then traveled domestically and across Europe. When she came back, she married her widowed cousin, William L. Johnston. He was also very supportive of her writing, and she used her career to support the three young children he left behind after he died in 1892. She traveled in the southwestern US, after his death, before settling down in Kentucky.

Much of Johnston’s travels are reflected in her writings. She was a popular author of children’s books, perhaps most notably, The Little Colonel series. In 1935, a Shirley Temple film, The Little Colonel, was derived from Johnston’s work.


Aunt Jane’s Nieces in The Red Cross

by Edith Van Dyne

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This work, although credited to Edith Van Dyne, was actually written by L. Frank Baum. Although his Wizard of Oz series is most well known, his ten book series of Aunt Jane’s Nieces was his second most popular series. In this book, two American girls go abroad to assist with medical efforts during World War I. Baum wanted to highlight the perils, and horrors, of war, in hopes for everlasting world peace.

Two versions of this book were released. The first was released in 1915 with a more neutral tone, but the second in 1918, during the midst of US involvement in WWI, was influenced by Baum having two of his sons fighting in the war. The second version was strongly for the Allies, and positioned the conflict as a moral one. The trajectory of the characters changes as well, and the story has a more positive ending.

This is a reprint of the original, with a few very minor imperfections in the text.


The Unwritten History of Old St. Augustine

by A. M. Brooks, Translated by Annie Averette

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This work was written and researched by A. M. Brooks, who was born as Abbie M. Brooks, but also wrote as Sylvia Sunshine. She wrote a great deal about Florida, including the work, Petals Plucked From Sunny Climes, which is a highly acclaimed and well researched account of the Florida area prior to the 1870s. This work, The Unwritten History of St. Augustine, is the culmination of a very daunting task, going through five huge volumes of records regarding the development of Florida found in the archives in Seville, Spain. Yet, for all of her hard work, little is known about the life and history of A. M. Brooks. Perhaps ironically, she was always tracking the past, but leaving very little of her own behind, save for her writings.

The Girls of Central High at Basketball, or, The Great Gymnasium Mystery

by Gertrude W. Morrison

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The Girls of Central High was a seven book series published between 1914-19, of which this is considered a highlight. Gertrude W. Morrison did not exist. Rather, it was one of many pseudonyms used by The Stratemeyer Syndicate, the first book packager for children. Edward L. Stratemeyer was the publisher and author of over 1,300 of the children’s works. Many freelancers wrote for Edward L. Stratemeyer, including Mildred Benson, who wrote the popular Nancy Drew series.

The author of the Girls of Central High series was W. Bert Foster, whose full name was Walter Bertram Foster (1869-1929). He wrote several books for the Stratemeyer Syndicate including for the Clint Webb, Ralph of the Railroad, Campfire Girls and Radio Girls series. He also wrote for several magazines including: The Argosy, Western Story Magazine, Tiptop Semi-Monthly, The All-Story Magazine, The Popular Magazine and others. His other works include: The Lost Galleon of Dubloon Island (1901), With Washington at Valley Forge (1902), With Ethan Allen at Ticonderoga (1903), In Alaskan Waters (1903), The Eve of War (1904), The Lost Expedition (1905), The Quest of the Silver Swan (1907), The Ocean Express; or, Clint Webb and the Sea Tramp (1913), The Frozen Ship; or, Clint Webb Among the Sealers (1913), Swept Out to Sea; or, Clint Webb Among the Whalers (1913), From Sea to Sea; or, Clint Webb’s Cruise on the Windjammer (1914), The Last Door (1921), Galloping Thunder (1927), Harwick of Hambone (1927), From Six to Six (1927) and Cactus Trails (1927).


The Occult World: Teachings of Occult Philosophy

by A. P. Sinnett

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Alfred Percy Sinnett (1840-1921), a journalist and Theosophist, wrote frequently to members of the Brotherhood of Adepts, an occult organization. The famous Mahatmas Koot Hoomi and Morya corresponded via mail with Sinnett, and Sinnett used parts of this correspondence to compose The Occult World. Together, along with others, they were building The Theosophical Society. Sinnett was friends with many of the leading theosophists and spent a productive time in India. The organization’s avowed object was at first the scientific investigation of psychic or so-called “spiritualistic” phenomena, after which its three chief objects were declared, namely (1) Brotherhood of man, without distinction of race, colour, religion, or social position; (2) the serious study of the ancient world-religions for purposes of comparison and the selection therefrom of universal ethics; (3) the study and development of the latent divine powers in man. The society has persisted through the decades and has branches or lodges scattered all over the world, some of which are in India, where its chief headquarters are established.


Black Rock: A Tale of the Selkirks

by Ralph Connor

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Originally published in 1898, Black Rock: A Tale of the Selkirks was written by Rev. Dr. Charles William Gordon, using the penname Ralph Connor. Gordon was a leader in the Presbyterian and then later on the United Church, so he wanted to protect his status and keep both roles separate. However, his religious and personal beliefs strongly motivated his writings. For example, Gordon was interested in church reform, and his writings on the matter of unifying churches eventually lead to the creation of the United Church of Canada in the 1920.

Gordon was born in Ontario, Canada in a community largely composed of Scottish immigrants. His father was a reverend, and as such, Gordon’s life became deeply infused with his religious teachings. Gordon went on to study theology at the University of Toronto and graduated in 1886. Gordon’s work sheds light on the callous way missionaries viewed the natural beauty of western Canada and the disregard they held for multiple Native tribes that inhabited those areas, their religious beliefs or way of life.


The Pacific Typographical Society and the California Gold Rush of 1849

by Douglas C. McMurtrie

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The California Gold Rush really was a bonanza for more than miners. Between 1849 and 1855 more than $400 million dollars was gathered by the miners; once adjusted, it is a sum today reaching into the trillions. But those who provided for the miners shared and in some cases did better than the gold seekers. It was a social phenomenon marked by the carnivalesque. In Mark Twain’s Roughing It (1872), the protagonist remarks as his brother heads West,

“Pretty soon he would be hundreds and hundreds of miles away on the great plains and deserts, and among the mountains of the Far West, and would see buffaloes and Indians, and prairie dogs, an antelopes, and have all kinds of adventures, and may be get hanged or scalped, and have ever such a fine time, and write home and tell us all about it, and be a hero…And by and by he would become very rich, and return home by sea, and be able to talk as calmly about San Francisco and ocean, and ‘the isthmus’ as if it was nothing of any consequence to have seen those marvels face to face.”

Go they did to the Land of Golden Dreams, in the largest internal migration in American history, and the adventures and tragedies have created a large and memorable literature, of which this volume is an unusual example.


Bedouins: Mary Garden, Debussy, Chopin and More

by James Huneker

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Croquet was all the rage in England in 1860s. It derived from earlier games, and was introduced by France. Interest in the game spread to the United States. The different forms of croquet, and similar games such as golf, trucco, pall-mall, and kolven, actually derive from games dating as far back as the Middle Ages.

Horace Elisha Scudder, 1838-1902, wrote this book under the pseudonym R. Fellow. Scudder was a prolific writer and used numerous nom de plumes. He is perhaps best known for his work as a children’s author, with such books as Seven Little People and Their Friends (1862), Dream Children (1864), and writing the textbook, A History of the United States of America Preceded By a Narrative of the Discovery and Settlement of North America and of the Events Which Led to the Independence of the Thirteen English Colonies for the Use of Schools and Academies. Although published in 1884, it became a paradigm for textbooks. He also served as the editor of The Atlantic Monthly. He died at the age of 64 at his home in Boston.


Overtones: A Book of Temperaments

by James Huneker

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James Gibbons Huneker was born in 1857 in Philadelphia. He began his life with a career in law in order to please his parents, but at 21 abandoned that path, and fled to Paris to learn piano, accompanied by his pregnant girlfriend. He only spent a year there, which he enjoyed tremendously, despite poverty. He unhappily returned to Philadelphia with wife and child in tow. He continued to try and learn music, but gave up his dreams of playing an instrument, and instead focused on writing broadly about music and the arts. He ended up moving to New York, without his family, and immersing himself fully in the arts scene. He wrote primary for the New York Sun as an arts critic, but he also penned pieces for Harper’s, Theatre, and Scribner’s, among numerous other works.

Huneker was well-known for supporting new artists well before they became part of the canon, including Henrik Ibsen, Thomas Hardy, Anton Chekhov, Richard Wagner, Claude Debussy, George Bernard Shaw, Paul Gauguin, and Vincent van Gogh among numerous others. While Huneker was well traveled in social circles, and his writings appreciated, they did not pay a great deal. He died of pneumonia at the age of 64.


James Freeman Clarke: Autobiography, Diary and Correspondence

by Edward Everett Hale

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James Freeman Clarke was born on April 4, 1810 in New Hampshire. He was well educated, attending Harvard College, then Harvard Divinity School. He studied to be a minister in the Unitarian faith, taking the pulpit in Louisville, Kentucky. Seeing firsthand the horrors of slavery, he became
a vocal abolitionist. He wrote a great deal, crafting dozens of articles, over two-dozen books, and more than 100 pamphlets.

Clarke was interested in many things, to the enrichment of his congregations, including exploring eastern religions. He was also influenced by utopian writings and communities, and even went so far as to purchase the site of one, Brook Farm. He ended up giving the space to the US during the Civil War, where it was renamed Camp Andrew and used for training.

This new edition is dedicated to Rev. Dr. Robert M. Hardies, minister of All Souls Unitarian Church in Washington, and able leader of social causes.


Stamped: An Anti-Travel Novel

by Kawika Guillermo

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Winner of the 2020 Association for Asian American Studies Book Award in Prose

Award-Winning Finalist in the Fiction: Literary category of the 2019 Best Book Awards sponsored by American Book Fest

Exasperated by the small-minded tyranny of his hometown, Skyler Faralan travels to Southeast Asia with $500 and a death wish. After months of wandering, he crosses paths with other dejected travelers: Sophea, a short-fused NGO worker; Arthur, a brazen expat abandoned by his wife and son; and Winston, a defiant intellectual exile. Bound by pleasure-fueled self-destruction, the group flounders from one Asian city to another, confronting the mixture of grief, betrayal, and discrimination that caused them to travel in the first place.

“Guillermo tells the stories of American expatriates seeking to lose or remake themselves in the far-flung corners of Asia. His narrative voice—steady, visual, and evocative—is complemented by his keen ear for dialogue.”
—Peter Bacho, author of Cebu and winner of the American Book Award

“Guillermo’s novel teaches the reader how to engage the world and reveals the very best about being a traveler rather than a tourist. We follow not only a vivid visual adventure across Asia, but also a linguistic journey into understanding new language and a definition of ‘we’ that is inclusive and empowering and revealing.”
—Shawn Hsu Wong, author of Homebase and American Knees

Kawika Guillermo moves and writes throughout Asia and North America, usually embarking from his station in Hong Kong. This is his first novel.


A Place in the Lodge: Dr. Rob Morris, Freemasonry and the Order of the Eastern Star

by Nancy Stearns Theiss PhD

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Ridiculed as “petticoat masonry,” critics of the Order of the Eastern Star did not deter Rob Morris’ goal to establish a Masonic organization that included women as members. As Rob Morris (1818-1888) came “into the light,” he donned his Masonic apron and carried the ideals of Freemasonry through a despairing time of American history. His voluminous writing on Freemasonry and his ability to pen poems that celebrated occasions or honored the deceased earned him the title of Poet Laureate of Freemasonry in the 19th Century. An obscure figure in American history, Morris changed the world of Freemasonry making it one of the largest fraternal organizations in the world today. This book is a revised edition in the celebration of Rob Morris’ 200th year birthday, born July 31, 1818. It is based on a collection of family letters about Rob Morris’ journey in the world of Freemasonry that took him across the continents. In this revised edition, there are more letters, details about his literary contributions and images.


Middle East Reviews: Second Edition

Editors: Mohammed M. Aman PhD and Mary Jo Aman, MLIS

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About the Editors
Mohammed M. Aman, PhD is current Professor (Dean from 1979 to 2002) at the School of Information Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM), Interim Dean, School of Education (2000-2002), and Editor-in-Chief of the peer-reviewed journal, Digest of Middle East Studies (DOMES), published by Wiley-Blackwell. He is the author of scholarly books and journal articles.

Mary Jo Aman, MLIS is Associate Editor of the Digest of Middle East Studies (DOMES). She held management positions at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and prior to UWM, held positions at the Viking Press, Nassau County, N.Y. Library System, Brooklyn Public Library; Board Member of the International Board of Books for Young People (IBBY), and Editor of its quarterly Newsletter.

About the Book
The book brings together reviews of books published on the Middle East and North Africa during the period 2015 to 2018, thus supplementing the earlier edition published in 2016 that covers reviews from 2011 to 2014. The book is a valuable addition to Middle East literature, and will provide an informative read for experts and non-experts on the MENA countries. As with the first edition, this volume covers signed book reviews that cover subjects on the humanities, philosophy, religion, social sciences, history, arts, and literature. Together, the two volumes should serve as valuable sources for current literature on the MENA region and the subjects of interests to readers on the region.


The Great Transformation: Scottish Freemasonry 1725-1810

by Dr. Mark C. Wallace

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Modern Freemasonry emerged in Britain after 1700 as a prominent fixture in both British communal and social life. It combined earlier stonemason customs and methods of organization with the popular passion for clubs and societies. Some mocked Masonic lodges and their rituals, but they were an accepted feature on the social scene, given that they avoided political and religious discussion and swore loyalty to the existing regime. The French Revolution, however, caused a severe backlash against the masons in Britain and Europe. Despite its commitment to the establishment, Freemasonry came under suspicion. By the 1790s, lodges were viewed as convenient vehicles for radical groups to pursue covert revolutionary activities. As a result, legislation was passed which attempted to regulate these societies and eradicate any traces of secrecy. This book examines the structure, nature, and characteristics of Scottish Freemasonry in its wider British and European contexts between the years 1725 and 1810. The Enlightenment effectively crafted the modern mason and propelled Freemasonry into a new era marked by growing membership and the creation of the Grand Lodge of Scotland, with the institution becoming part of the contemporary fashion for associated activity.

Dr. Mark C. Wallace is an Associate Professor of History at Lyon College. He teaches British and Scottish history, including British Imperialism, British cultural, social, and intellectual history from the fifteenth century to the present, and the Scottish Enlightenment. A former Visiting Research Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities at the University of Edinburgh, he has written extensively on Scottish Freemasonry and eighteenth-century Scottish clubs and societies.


Policy Perspectives from Promising New Scholars in Complexity, Volume II

Editors:  Dr. Liz Johnson and Dr. Joseph Cochran

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The world is getting more complex causing policy problems to seemingly get bigger and become more intractable. Traditional approaches and conventional methodologies alone are no longer adequate to solve policy problems in our interconnected global environment. Promising new scholars in the field of policy and complexity are breaking boundaries and laying the groundwork for innovative perspectives on how to better define policy problems, impacts, attitudes, and solutions. Whether in the field of economics, education, energy, health, human security, or transportation, the selected essays and research in this book demonstrate how essential new thinking and approaches are needed.

These scholars have demonstrated vision, imagination, diligence, passion, and courage for solving problems. Don’t miss HOW some of the top promising new scholars address problems and add to creating viable solutions to some of the biggest policy issues of our day.


The Politics of Impeachment

Margaret Tseng, Editor

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As changes in our political system have developed over the last two centuries, impeachment has grown even more political. The polarization of political parties, the power of interest groups and the expansion of suffrage has deeply impacted who we elect. Those elected officials, in turn, are responsible for overseeing the impeachment process, and their decisions are impacted by party dynamics, interest group influence and the desires of their constituents. While discussion about impeachment seems ubiquitous today, on the state level, impeachments of governors are extremely rare. Over 2,000 people have served as governors in the United States, but only thirteen governors have been impeached and eight removed from office.

On the national level, there have only been two presidential impeachments, but modern presidents have faced increased impeachment efforts. Every president since Ronald Reagan has faced some type of impeachment resolution from the opposing party. President Trump is no exception. Starting from his first day in office, over a million people signed an online impeachment petition and within six months of taking office he faced articles of impeachment from two Democratic congressmen.

This edited volume addresses the increased political nature of impeachment. It is meant to be a wide overview of impeachment on the federal and state level, including: the politics of bringing impeachment articles forward, the politicized impeachment proceedings, the political nature of how one conducts oneself during the proceedings and the political fallout afterwards. The group of men profiled in this book are an interesting, over-the-top group of politicians including Richard Nixon, Bill Clinton, William Sulzer, Evan Mecham, and Rod Blagojevich.

Margaret Tseng is Professor and Chair of the Department of History and Politics at Marymount University in Arlington, Virginia. She also serves as the director of the American Heritage Initiative at Marymount. She earned her Ph.D. from Georgetown University. She is co-editor of The Presidents as Commander-in-Chief series with the Naval Institute Press.


Braxton’s Practical Cook Book: Prepared for Economy, Family and Hotel Use

by G. F. Braxton

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George F. Braxton was a renowned chef, who, among other places, worked at The Algonquin Resort during the late 1800s. Chef Braxton is thought to be the first African-American to lead a kitchen in a luxury resort. The Algonquin Resort began in 1889 in St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada, and still exists today as a luxury retreat. Sadly, not a great amount of detail is known about Braxton’s life. He was born in Virginia during the late 1850s or early 1860s. He became the Chef at Wellesley College from 1883 to at least 1886. He led the Resort in Canada during the late 1800s, and it appears that he had moved to Massachusetts around 1900. By then he was widowed, but was remarried to Rose McBride in 1901. He opened up a restaurant in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts around November 1901. It does not appear that he had children. Not much of his life is known afterwards, but the Algonquin Resort recently renamed their restaurant Braxton’s in honor of his memory.


The Dog and the Child and the Ancient Sailor Man

by Robert Alexander Wason

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Robert Alexander Wason was born in Toledo, Ohio in 1874. He attended high school, later marrying his wife, Emma Louie Brownell, in May 1911. Wason wrote numerous books, particularly for children, including The Wolves (1908) and The Happy Hawkins (1909). He was also known for working on vaudeville sketches, and a comedic opera. In addition to writing, he worked as a clerk in a general store for eight years. He also served a miner, in offices, and a farmer. He spent a lot of time exploring the west, and also served in the Army during the Spanish-American War. His wide variety of experiences were incorporated in his writings. He passed away in Mountain Lakes, New Jersey in 1955.



The Town Crier, to Which is Added, The Children With the Indian-Rubber Ball

by Florence Montgomery

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In 1843, Florence Montgomery was born into very comfortable surroundings in Chelsea, London. Her family was of wealth, status and novelists. Montgomery’s own desire to write was encouraged. Her speciality was writing books about children, both for and about. Montgomery was unique in that she stressed the power and goodness of children, not just to her audience of children, but adults as well. Her most popular work was Misunderstood, published in 1869. It was considered an influence to Lewis Carroll and Vladimir Nabokov. She also wrote a great deal of children’s stories, including A Very Simple Story (1866), her first. Montgomery died at the age of 80, from breast cancer. She lived her whole life in her family’s estate, along with her sisters.


The American Peace Society: A Centennial History, 1828-1928

by Edson L. Whitney

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In 1815, the Massachusetts Peace Society was formed, and became a national movement. The organization was the merging of numerous regional groups, including the New York Peace Society. In 1828, led by William Ladd and George Beckwith, it would evolve to become the American Peace Society. The society was centered on the concept of creating a permanent international organization dedicated to peace, spreading its ideas through the journal, The Advocate of Peace. The organization, and its journal still exists today, renamed World Affairs in 1932 and published by the Policy Studies Organization in Washington.

This edition is dedicated to James Denton, editor emeritus of World Affairs.


Nietzsche: Who He Was and What He Stood For

by M. A. Mugge PhD, Edited by E. Haldeman-Julius

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Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) has had a profound impact on our way of life. Among other things, he was a philosopher, a poet, and a scholar. Unfortunately, he suffered from poor health, which caused him to resign from his position as the Chair of Classical Philology at Basel, which he held at the age of 24. At 44, he was so ill that his mother, and then his sister, had to care for him until his death at the age of 55.

Nietzsche is commonly associated with nihilism, critiques of Christian morality, and his strong opposition to anti-Semitism, and nationalism.
There was a brief time when his sister reworked his manuscripts to favor Nazi ideology, but the correct manuscripts were uncovered.

Many scholars have written about Nietzsche. M. A. Mugge wrote a great deal about philosophy, especially Greek thinkers. This work offers a biography of Nietzsche, and includes Mugge’s views on his writings and life.


Donald J. Trump as U.S. President: “It’s all about me!”

by John Dixon, Assisted by Christina Dixon

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This is a wide-ranging book that focus the man who is the 45th president of the United States of America—Donald J. Trump. Its premise is that Trump’s rhetoric and actions become more understandable, perhaps even more predictable, in the light of his personality and his worldview and view-of-the world. It, therefore, has two goals:
• To delineate his personality traits and his worldview, so as to surmise on how he thinks about himself, others, and the world-at- large, and how he perceives and takes meaning from reality he experiences.
• To elucidate his idiosyncratic views on governance, government, the presidency, public administration, and domestic and foreign public policy.

To achieve these goals requires drawing upon concepts, frameworks, paradigms, and theories from philosophy, political science, psychology, public administration, economics, management, organizational theory, social theory, and sociology to understand his personality and worldview, and his views of the world-at-large, governance, government, and public policy.

This book is targeted at those for whom the Trump phenomenon—as a presidential candidate and as president—is both fascinating and baffling, but who are not intimately familiar with Trump the man of some notoriety or with American political institution, processes, and politics.

Companion volume: John Dixon and Max J. Skidmore (eds.), Donald J.
Trump’s Presidency: International Perspectives (Westphalia Press, Washington, DC, 2018).

John Dixon is Professor of Public Administration at the Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey. He is a fellow of the British Academy of the Social Sciences in 2004, and has been an honorary life member of the American Phi Beta Delta Honor Society for International Scholars since 2006.


Donald J. Trump’s Presidency: International Perspectives

Editors: John Dixon and Max J. Skidmore

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President Donald J. Trump’s foreign policy rhetoric and actions become more understandable by reference to his personality traits, his worldview, and his view of the world. His campaign rhetoric catered to Americans comfortable with isolationism and certainly with no appetite for foreign military engagements. So, his foreign policy emphasis was on American isolationism and economic nationalism. He is not really interested in delving too deeply into some of the substantive issues of international politics, particularly the prevailing quandaries in the East Asia, Middle East and North Africa, and Central and Eastern Europe. Why bother when simple solutions will suffice, for his purposes. He has placed America’s global superpower status at risk. The gradual decline of its global influence seems inevitable.

Companion volume: John Dixon, Donald J. Trump as U.S. President: “It’s all about me!” (Westphalia Press, Washington, DC, 2018).

John Dixon is Professor of Public Administration at the Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey. He is a fellow of the British Academy of the Social Sciences in 2004, and has been an honorary life member of the American Phi Beta Delta Honor Society for International Scholars since 2006.

Max J. Skidmore is University of Missouri’s Curators’ Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Thomas Jefferson Fellow at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. He has been Distinguished Fulbright Lecturer to India, and Senior Fulbright Scholar at the University of Hong Kong.

Whimsical Madam New Orleans: Short Stories from the Times-Picayune

 by Carmelite Janvier, Illustrated by Standish Buell

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Carmelite Janvier came from a wealthy family and enjoyed all its trappings, along with her siblings. Born to Charles Janvier and Josephine Celeste Bush, she enjoyed life as one of eight children. However, it was the opulence that came to hurt her. Specifically, when Janvier was nine and playing abroad her family’s yacht, she was injured by a small cannon which the family used to give greetings to other vessels. The accident was so serious that Janvier lost sight in one eye, and was left disfigured, but her family’s money helped ensure she was able to receive all the specialized care she needed to recuperate, and then to continue her education and live a long and enjoyable life in the upper echelons of society. These whimsical short stories illustrate the high life and low life and its undercurrents in New Orleans during the 1920s.


The Occult Arts: An Examination of the Claims Made for the Existence of Supernormal Powers

by J. W. Frings

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J.W. Fring opens by noting he is skeptical of any claims of the supernatural. He defines supernatural broadly, and dedicates chapters to a variety of manifestations, including alchemy, telepathy, palmistry, and hypnotism. Fring chooses to highlight multiple versions of the supernatural, broadly defining, it, and then offers some points to challenge beliefs in these manifestations. Those who are intrigued about the continuing belief in things strange will find this work both useful and controversial.


The Mysteries of the Head and Heart Explained: A Look at Phrenology and Mesmerism

by J. Stanley Grimes

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James Stanley Grimes was born in Boston on May 10, 1807. Although he wrote a tremendous amount, little is known about him personally. He married Frances Warner in 1832, but never remarried after she passed away in 1848. He graduated from Union College in 1840, went on to teach law the following year at Castleton Medical College. He quickly left law, focusing on writing on everything from natural selection, theology, and neurology but his focus became mesmerism and phrenology. He wrote extensively on issues of science, religion and human advancement as well.

The Mysteries of the Head and Heart is broken into three sections, with the first discussing phrenology, the second examining physiology and the third broadly looking at mesmerism. Some of his suggestions retain a certain possible validity, despite the controversial subject matter. One commentator notes, “In 1839 … Grimes — then living in Buffalo, New York and running a small group of phrenologists called the Western Phrenological Society — published a modification of Coombe’s phrenological system that [a] divided the organs of the brain into three groups (the ipseal, the social and the intellectual), and [b] added several new organs to the commonly-held phrenological model, including organs of chemicality, pneumativeness (merely having to do with breathing, alas), sanitativeness and (important for this discussion) credenciveness.”


A Different Dimension: Reflections on the History of Transpersonal Thought

by Mark B. Ryan

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A Different Dimension traces the historical development of an expanded, transpersonal view of consciousness—a view that sees the human mind as reaching beyond individual, personal consciousness into realms that we call “spiritual.” It provides a rich and vital discussion of some of the most fundamental questions of our lives: questions about the nature and capacities of the human mind, and its relation to ultimate realities.

While scientifically informed, transpersonal thought challenges common assumptions of our dominant, materialistic intellectual consensus, which sees all consciousness as a product of brain function. While sympathetic to mystical experience, it seldom endorses mainstream systems of religious belief; rather, it provides intellectual substance to the trend referred to as Spiritual But Not Religious.

Focusing on key figures and their seminal ideas, Mark Ryan presents a clear and graceful account of this current in psychology, from before the discovery of the unconscious in the late 19th century, through the emergence of transpersonal psychology as an organized field in the late 1960s, to its reverberations in our contemporary world.

Author Mark Ryan has recently spoken about this work on a podcast series called, “The Sacred Speaks,” hosted by John Price. Their conversation focuses on the human capacity for spiritual experience. It is accessible in both video and audio versions:



For 22 years, Mark Ryan taught American Studies and History at Yale University, where he was the long-term Dean of Jonathan Edwards College. Subsequently, he was Titular IV Professor of International Relations and History at the Universidad de las Américas, Puebla in Mexico, where he also served as Dean of the Colleges and Director of the graduate program in United States Studies. For 14 years a Trustee of Naropa University, he is certified as a practitioner of Holotropic Breathwork. Currently he teaches at the C.G. Jung Educational Center of Houston, the Wisdom School of Graduate Studies of Ubiquity University, and other venues.


The Rise of the Book Plate: An Exemplative of the Art

by W. G. Bowdoin, Introduction by Henry Blackwell

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Bookplates were made to denote ownership and hopefully steer the volume back to the rightful shelf if borrowed. They often contained highly stylized writing, drawings, coat of arms, badges or other images of interest to the owner. Theearliest known form of a bookplate originates from roughly 1390 BCE, in Egypt. They became popular throughout Europe during the Middle Ages, and since have appeared throughout the world, being especially popular in larger personal libraries and book lending societies.

William Goodrich Bowdoin (1860–1947) wrote passionately and a great deal on the art of books, including book plates. His works include American Bookbinders, published in 1902. He published frequently under his initials, W. G. Bowdoin. In this particular work, Bowdoin has collected a fascinating variety of bookplates from around the world to showcase different styles.

This edition is dedicated to Larissa Watkins, librarian and bibliographer extraordinary, friend to countless authors.


Narrative of Samuel Hancock: Adventure, Escape, and Massacre During the California Gold Rush

by Samuel Hancock, Introduction by Arthur D. Howden Smith

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This work is an unusual autobiography, chronicling the experiences of Samuel Hancock between 1845-60. It details his journey to Oregon, his frustrating attempts to mine for gold in California, and his dramatic time as a captive under Native Americans. Hancock would go on to become a trader with the Native Americans, having used his time while under captivity to study the ceremonial rituals, building styles, medical practices, and other facets of Native American culture. Perhaps somewhat sensational, it offers interesting insights on the mindset of colonizers like Hancock.

Dr. John Dee: Elizabethan Mystic and Astrologer

by G. M. Hort

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This volume illustrates that, while as the saying goes, history is written by the winners, or at least predominantly by the successful, there is much to learn from the initially less successful. G. M. Hort’s account of Dr. John Dee is a different kind of biography as it paints him as a person that worked tirelessly, but in some ways never found success, and often times earned scorn instead. Despite the challenges he faced, the reader may conclude that Dr. Dee ultimately did fairly well for himself, becoming an esteemed mathematician, recognized occultist, and an erstwhile advisor to Queen Elizabeth I.

John Dee was born on July 13, 1527. While his father apparently never rose above being a “gentleman-server” in the Royal Household, the family did not want of food or shelter. Dee became an avid scholar, and very ingenuous, but his thoughtfulness and inventions were often linked to sorcery. Eventually he plunged deeper into his studies in the mysteries of sorcery and alchemy and (possibly) freemasonry. Hort gives a fascinating biography of the enigmas surrounding Dr. Dee and the times in which he lived.


Epidemic Cholera: The Mission and Mystery, Haunts and Havocs, Pathology and Treatment

by A Former Surgeon in the Service of the Honorable East India Company

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Epidemic cholera is truly awful. Cholera causes violent cramps, vomiting and diarrhea that are so frequent and serious that the body will quickly dehydrate. A person infected with cholera can die within a few hours because the dehydration can be so severe that the blood coagulates. Cholera was deadly because of several longstanding inaccurate thoughts on its cause: namely, that ‘inferior’ people with personal failings, or members of a different culture, combined with exposure to environmental filth, were likely to fall victim. While environmental issues are a cause–contaminated drinking water is a major contributor to cholera outbreaks–during the 1800s and onwards, physicians believed that personal characteristics also contributed to cholera. This volume offers a snapshot in time on these beliefs manifested in terms of approach and treatment. Sadly, cholera is far from a dated disease. Yemen is currently facing a major cholera crisis, with smaller outbreaks recently reported in Somalia and Darfur.


American Prophets of Peace: Souvenir of the National Arbitration and Peace Congress, New York, April 1907

by National Arbitration and Peace Congress

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When the Peace Congress was proposed, it was considered “the greatest gathering ever held in advocacy of the abolition of war as a means of settling international disputes, and the most important non-political gathering ever held in this country for any purpose.” The Congress was supported by a notable group, including Andrew Carnegie, which served as its president, along with numerous religious figures, editors, educators, the American Federation of Labor, the National Association of Manufacturers, and other organizations. Sadly, World Wars I, II, and the numerous wars between and after have proven the eradication of international war to be so far an elusive dream. However, documents like this offer some scaffolding and inspiration for future talks in establishing world peace.

Miscellaneous Conjuring Tricks, From ‘Modern Magic’

by Professor Hoffman

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Magic is, by nature, a rather secretive field. One of the first people to write in detail about various tricks, methods and devices used to perform magic was Professor Hoffmann. His articles were considered pioneering in the field, particularly among English speakers. He became known as an expert, although he had not much personal practice as a magician. Instead, he studied magic, both tricks and theory. This particular work is taken from parts of Modern Magic, which was a collection of articles he wrote on various aspects of magic that was collected and published in 1876. Professor Hoffmann’s real name was Angelo Lewis. He was born in London on July 23, 1839, and died in December of 1919. In addition to writing about magic, he also wrote stories for children, including the book Conjurer Dick, published in 1886.


The Huguenots in France: After the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes with Memoirs of Distinguished Huguenot Refugees, and A Visit to the Country of Voudois

by Samuel Smiles

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The Huguenots are French Protestants, a denomination that began during the early sixteenth century. Their place in French society oscillated between their being celebrated and defamed. On August 24, 1572, while marking Saint Bartholomew’s Day, thousands of Huguenots were massacred. After decades of fighting occurred, a guarantee of peace was issued, which largely remained in place until October 18, 1685 when Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes. Many Huguenots fled France to escape persecution, and settled in various places, such as the United States, England, Sweden, Denmark, and Switzerland.

Samuel Smiles (1812 – 1904), was a Scottish social reformer, parliamentarian, and prolific author. He promoted frugality and asserted that poverty was caused largely by irresponsible habits, which may help account for his admiration of the Huguenot culture of industry and entrepreneurship.


Demand the Impossible: Essays in History as Activism

Editors: Nathan Wuertenberg and William Horne

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Born from the wave of activism that followed the inauguration of President Trump, Demand the Impossible asks scholars what they can do to help solve present-day crises. The twelve essays in this volume draw inspiration from present-day activists. They examine the role of history in shaping ongoing debates over monuments, racism, clean energy, health care, poverty, and the Democratic Party. Together they show the ways that the issues of today are historical expressions of power that continue to shape the present. Adequately addressing them means understanding their origins.

The way our society remembers the past has long served to cement inequality. It is no accident that the ahistorical slogan “make America great again” emerged after decades of income inequality and a generation of funding cuts to higher education. But the movement toward openly addressing injustice and inequality though historical inquiry is growing. Although many historians remain tucked away in ivory towers of their own making, we join a long tradition of activist scholars like W.E.B. Du Bois, C.L.R. James, and C. Vann Woodward, as well as a growing wave of engaged colleagues including Keri Leigh Merritt, who penned the foreword for this volume. As historians and citizens, we feel a responsibility to preserve an authentic vision of the past in a moment riddled with propaganda and lies. In doing so, we hope to help provide a framework to fight the inequities we inherited from prior generations that are repurposed and enshrined by the powerful today.

Nathan Wuertenberg is a doctoral candidate at The George Washington University. He is conducting research for a doctoral dissertation on the 1775 American invasion of Quebec, entitled “Divided We Stand: The American War for Independence, the 1775 Quebec Campaign, and the Rise of Nations in the Twilight of Colonial Empires.” William Horne is a PhD candidate at The George Washington University researching the relationship of race to labor, freedom, and capitalism in post-Civil War Louisiana. His dissertation, “Carceral State: Baton Rouge and its Plantation Environs Across Emancipation,” examines the ways in which white supremacy and capitalism each depended on restricting black freedom in the aftermath of slavery.

Palaces of Sin, or The Devil in Society

by Col. Dick Maple

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“Colonel” Dick Maple was the fanciful pen name for Seth McCallen, who penned a great many highly polemical works. He wrote this particular work against alcohol and nightlife. In particular, he guards readers against women in corsets, who drink or otherwise dabble in lifestyles or actions he finds unseemly. The women in his stories often come to sad endings as a result of their desire to enjoy equal opportunities with men in vice and pleasure. McCallen was far from a person anyone should take seriously. He is known for writing and publishing some of the most extraordinarily vile and racist diatribes in The National Rip-Saw. In 1910, McCallen had a stroke, but the publisher hired W. S. Morgan in order to imitate his hateful style. Thankfully, the style and messages were so unappealing and subscriptions dropped so low that the magazine had to send issues to random addresses to fulfill advertising terms.

Best Practices for High Impact Threats to Critical Infrastructure: Conference Proceedings of the InfraGard National EMP SIG Sessions at the 2016 Dupont Summit

Edited by Charles L. Manto and Stephanie A. Lokmer

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Best Practices for High Impact Threats to Critical Infrastructure provides transcripts of the 2016 InfraGard National EMP SIG ™ (EMP SIG)™ sessions at the Dupont Summit and additional materials from the subsequent months. The conference also reviewed nationwide activities of the EMP SIG including the release of Powering Through. It is a planning guide for communities, companies, and government agencies to help prepare for and mitigate widespread prolonged infrastructure collapse.

The conference segments also reflect the work of EMP SIG members at the National Guard Bureau, the Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health and the INCOSE Critical Infrastructure Protection and Recovery Working Group that provided key articles reprinted from the December 2016 INCOSE Journal Insight. The EMP Commission’s final letter to Congress and a Resilient Hospitals Handbook are also included.

InfraGard EMP SIG Publications:
Beginning December 2015, the EMP SIG developed a planning guide named Powering Through for organizations to use to enhance their own continuity of operations and disaster plans in light of the new National Space Weather Strategy and manmade EMP and cyber threats. Work is planned for 2016 for an expanded second edition. Copies can be ordered at: This complements the Triple Threat Power Grid Exercise also published by Westphalia Press and Amazon.

Information on these planning materials and upcoming activities can also be acquired by contacting the EMP SIG at To join InfraGard and the EMP SIG, apply on the home page of

About the InfraGard National EMP SIG: The InfraGard National EMP SIG™ was formed in July 2011 for the purpose of sharing information about catastrophic threats to our nation’s critical infrastructure. The ultimate goal of the EMP SIG is to assist local communities to enhance their own resilience with a special emphasis on developing protected local infrastructure ranging from local power generation and energy storage to water and food production.

Secrets & Lies in the United Kingdom: Analysis of Political Corruption

by Fabienne Portier-Le Cocq

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Secrets & Lies in the United Kingdom: Analysis of Political Corruption lifts the shroud of secrecy in the United Kingdom in relation to modern freemasonry in Scotland in the late-18th century, the ‘Stolen Generations’ in Australia from the early 1900s to the late 1970s, Enoch Powell’s motives for resigning, Britain’s secret plan for a nuclear power station in Wales, intentional and unintentional disclosures of secret information about the Liberal Democrats and their rivals, the ‘culture of secrecy’ of English police forces, and the paradoxical co-existence of secrecy and transparency in the English justice system.

Editor Fabienne Portier-Le Cocq is Professor of Contemporary British Studies at the University of Tours, France, and conducted research for the European Commission (Daphne II programme) for four years. She authored Sexualités et maternités des adolescentes : Voix anglaises et écossaises (Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2009), co-authored Les Politiques de jeunesse au Royaume-Uni et en France (Presses Sorbonne nouvelle, 2012), and has recently edited Fertility, Health and Lone Parenting: European Contexts (Routledge, 2017). She is currently preparing a book on motherhood in the global context.

Resilient Hospitals Handbook: Strengthening Healthcare and Public Health Resilience in Advance of a Prolonged and Widespread Power Outage

by Charles “Chuck” Manto, Earl Motzer PhD, James Terbush MD

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A number of high-impact threats to critical infrastructure can result in a regional or nationwide months-long power outage, making it unlikely for timely outside help to arrive. Hospitals are encouraged to gain the capacity to make and store enough power on-site to operate in island mode indefinitely without outside sources of power or fuel and protect on-site capabilities from threats that could impact regional commercial power systems. This handbook outlines challenges and opportunities to solve these problems so hospitals, healthcare facilities, and other resources might become more resilient. From the Second Goal of the 2015 National Space Weather Strategy:
• “Complete an all-hazards power outage response and recovery plan: —for extreme space weather event and the long-term loss of electric power and cascading effects on other critical infrastructure sectors.
• Other low-frequency, high-impact events are also capable of causing long-term power outages on a regional or national scale.
• The plan must include the Whole Community.”

From the US Defense Threat Reduction Agency
• “An electromagnetic (EM) attack (nuclear electromagnetic pulse [EMP] or non-nuclear EMP [e.g., high-power microwave, HPM]) has the potential to degrade or shut down portions of the electric power grid important to DoD.
• Restoring the commercial grid from the still functioning regions may not be possible or could take weeks or months. Significant elements of the DCI require uninterrupted power for prolonged periods to perform time-critical missions (e.g., sites hardened to MIL-STD-188-125-1).
• To ensure these continued operations, DCI sites must be able to function as a microgrid that can operate in both grid-connected and intentional island-mode (grid-isolated).

The 33 Principles Every Mason Should Live By: The True Meaning of Being a Mason

by C. Fred Kleinknecht Jr.

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In 1947 Fred took a job at the House of the Temple, literally learning the Scottish Rite from the ground floor to eventually becoming Grand Commander. He was Grand Commander from October 23, 1985 to October 7, 2003. Fred wanted the organization to be “first class” in all of its endeavors. He would often say “because Freemasonry lives not just for today, but for generations to come, we must be first class in whatever we do.”
Fred rebuilt the Rite’s endowment infrastructure and helped generate forty-seven state and local Scottish Rite Foundations. Internationally Fred restored a regular Scottish Rite presence in Portugal, and established new Supreme Councils in Togo and the Ivory Coast. He reestablished the Scottish Rite in Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, and Romania.
Fred was a true people person making lasting friendships wherever he went and helping others along the way. Fred had a paperweight on his desk with his favorite quote:<br>
“You can accomplish much, if you don’t care who gets the credit.”
These 33 principles are what all Freemasons should live by, they are the true meaning of Freemasonry. This book will not only benefit the Freemason but everyone can profit. I pass this along to you as a record of the Kleinknecht legacy of leadership. Also included is an appendix containing powerful messages published in the New Age / Scottish Rite Journal written by Grand Commander Kleinknecht, 33°.