The Mysteries of the Head and Heart Explained: A Look at Phrenology and Mesmerism

by J. Stanley Grimes

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James Stanley Grimes was born in Boston on May 10, 1807. Although he wrote a tremendous amount, little is known about him personally. He married Frances Warner in 1832, but never remarried after she passed away in 1848. He graduated from Union College in 1840, went on to teach law the following year at Castleton Medical College. He quickly left law, focusing on writing on everything from natural selection, theology, and neurology but his focus became mesmerism and phrenology. He wrote extensively on issues of science, religion and human advancement as well.

The Mysteries of the Head and Heart is broken into three sections, with the first discussing phrenology, the second examining physiology and the third broadly looking at mesmerism. Some of his suggestions retain a certain possible validity, despite the controversial subject matter. One commentator notes, “In 1839 … Grimes — then living in Buffalo, New York and running a small group of phrenologists called the Western Phrenological Society — published a modification of Coombe’s phrenological system that [a] divided the organs of the brain into three groups (the ipseal, the social and the intellectual), and [b] added several new organs to the commonly-held phrenological model, including organs of chemicality, pneumativeness (merely having to do with breathing, alas), sanitativeness and (important for this discussion) credenciveness.”

 

Epidemic Cholera: The Mission and Mystery, Haunts and Havocs, Pathology and Treatment

by A Former Surgeon in the Service of the Honorable East India Company

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Epidemic cholera is truly awful. Cholera causes violent cramps, vomiting and diarrhea that are so frequent and serious that the body will quickly dehydrate. A person infected with cholera can die within a few hours because the dehydration can be so severe that the blood coagulates. Cholera was deadly because of several longstanding inaccurate thoughts on its cause: namely, that ‘inferior’ people with personal failings, or members of a different culture, combined with exposure to environmental filth, were likely to fall victim. While environmental issues are a cause–contaminated drinking water is a major contributor to cholera outbreaks–during the 1800s and onwards, physicians believed that personal characteristics also contributed to cholera. This volume offers a snapshot in time on these beliefs manifested in terms of approach and treatment. Sadly, cholera is far from a dated disease. Yemen is currently facing a major cholera crisis, with smaller outbreaks recently reported in Somalia and Darfur.

 

Popular Guide to Homeopathy for Family and Private Use

by Smith & Worthington

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Many homeopathic guides have been created over time. This particular work is compiled from the standard works of Pulte, Laurie, Hempel, Ruddock, Burt, Verdi, and others, in order to offer twenty-eight homoeopathic remedies. Many quacks, charlatans and snake oil salesmen have roamed the world, claiming medical knowledge. This volume claimed to be a guide against them, suggesting better cures for cholera, small pox, poisoning and even drowning. Some of the cures include known toxins, such as belladonna and mercury. Obviously the work is offered only for historical interest, and not as medical advice!

 

 

Nonprofit Organizations and Disaster: Individual, Organizational and Network Approaches to Emergency Management

Edited by Scott Robinson and Haley Murphy

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Disasters have become a more salient part of our life. Events ranging from terrorist attacks to major hurricanes to heatwaves can significantly disrupt our communities and place the most vulnerable among us at risk. The largest of these events—within seeming increasing frequency—test our communities’ capacity to handle these threats. These broad threats call for a broad range of responses—and responding organizations.

This text collects a series of perspectives on the role of charitable and nonprofit organizations in helping our communities address the threats served by natural and man-made disasters. The chapters introduce varying approaches that assess the nature of non-profit organizations responding to disasters from the personal to the systemic level. They leave the reader with an appreciation for the diverse roles that nonprofit organizations play in community disaster preparedness and response along with the challenges they face.

The contributions to this volume were selected by Scott E. Robinson and Haley Murphy from recent scholarship appearing in the academic journal Risk, Hazards, and Crisis in Public Policy. Scott E. Robinson is Professor and Bellmon Chair of Public Service in the Department of Political Science at the University of Oklahoma. Haley Murphy is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at Oklahoma State University.

Drinking-Water and Ice Supplies and Their Relations to Health and Disease: Filtration in the 1900s

by T. Mitchell Prudden MD

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Theophil Mitchell Prudden (1849-1924) wrote numerous medical books, focusing on rather mundane aspects of life and their connection to health, such as Story of the Bacteria (1889) and Dust and its Dangers (1891). Prudden was born in Connecticut and studied at Yale where he received his MD in 1875. He went on to become a Professor of Pathology at Columbia University in 1892, where he taught until 1909. Prudden developed successful labs, wrote a great deal and incorporated in the curriculum newly emerging medical fields such as pathology, microbiology and infectious diseases. He deeply loved his work and research. On the rare occasion he vacationed, he traveled to the Southwest and enjoyed the isolation while hunting for fossils.

This edition is dedicated to Jeff Camkin, who pursues water policy studies with energy and good humor.

 

 

Growing Inequality: Bridging Complex Systems, Population Health, and Health Disparities

Editors: George A. Kaplan, Ana V. Diez Roux, Carl P. Simon, and Sandro Galea

No single factor—but a system of intertwined causes — explains why America’s health is poorer than the health of other wealthy countries and why health inequities persist despite our efforts. Teasing apart the relationships between these many causes to find solutions has proven extraordinarily difficult. But now, in this book, researchers report on groundbreaking insights using computer-based systems science tools to simulate how these determinants come together to produce levels of population health and disparities and test new solutions.

The culmination of over five years of work by experts from a more than a dozen disciplines, this book represents a bold step forward in identifying why some populations are healthy and others are not. Applying the techniques of systems science, it shows how these tools can be used to increase our understanding of the individual, group, and institutional factors that generate a wide range of health and social problems. Most importantly, it demonstrates the utility and power of these techniques to both wisely guide our understanding and help policy makers know what works.

Recent review of Growing Inequality by Interdisciplinary Association of Population Health Science (IAPHS):
https://iaphs.org/book-review-complex-systems-population-health-insights-network-inequality-complexity-health/


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“This book begins the process of unraveling some of the most ‘wicked’ problems in public health.”                 — Tony Iton, MD, JD, MPH—The California Endowment

… an intellectually courageous undertaking. It faces up to the reality of complexity in the social determinants of health. Its achievements and its documentation of difficulties will serve as a valuable foundation for the next generation of scientists and scholars who aim to understand the determinants of health and of health disparities.” 
Harvey V. Fineberg, MD, PhD, President, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and Former President, the Institute of Medicine

…goes beyond the search for a simplistic answer to health disparities and instead embraces the complexity. This is exactly what is needed if we are to improve population health and eliminate disparities.” 
Thomas A. LaVeist, PhD, Chairman, Department of Health Policy & Management, Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University
 
It is increasingly likely that in the non-distant future that population health policy will be fully informed by a coherent computational decision-support system that integrates data, analytics, systems modeling, forecasting, and cost-effectiveness. This book marks a serious movement toward that future.” 
Donald S. Burke, MD, Associate Vice Chancellor for Global Health, Dean, Graduate School of Public Health UPMC, Jonas Salk Professor of Global Health, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburg

International Journal of Epidemiology
https://academic.oup.com/ije/article/47/1/351/4819238
“a master-class in how to model and how to apply complexity thinking to public health problems.”

Sociology and Complexity Science Blog
http://sacswebsite.blogspot.com/2017/06/growing-inequality-bridging-complex.html
“the main point of the book remains cutting-edge and clear: if we are to advance our ability to more effectively address the complex health inequalities that now exist on a global level — and the myriad intersections they have with such global complexities as economy, politics, geography, ecology and culture — it is imperative that public health scholars and the larger healthcare field (and those they serve) embrace a complex systems perspective.”

Epidemiology Monitor
http://www.epimonitor.net/George-Kaplan-Interview.htm

American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Am J Prev Med 2018;54(6):845–847
“A stronger capacity to understand complex systems would help medicine and public health. It would help us understand the surrounding ecosystem within which A and B operate; the unrecognized factors that shape outcomes; and the smartest system strategies for health care, public health, and social policy to maximize effectiveness. If this occurs, the field may look back at the book by Kaplan et al. as a seminal work that helped launch a new literature. If not, we will continue studying trees and ignoring the forest.”

American Journal of Public Health
AJPH June 2018, Vol 108, No. 6
“The editors of Growing Inequality describe new computer-based systems science tools to simulate how social determinants of health disparities are occurring in many important public health outcomes and test new possible solutions. Complex systems thinking offers the possibility of developing and implementing innovative systems strategies in the form of policy decisions and possible interventions.”

 

 

 

 

The Early History of Surgery in Great Britain: Its Organization and Development

by G. Parker MA

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G. Parker writes with authority and grace as he examines the early history of surgery. He begins at roughly the year 1000 and ends in 1850, highlighting what was then modern practice. As do other surgerymedical historians, he finds that the gruesome aftermath of military interventions often push along new medical technologies. Early History of Surgery offers glimpses of various medical figures such as John of Mirfield and William Shippen. Parker takes time to note how the development of the field of surgery was connected with the widespread presence of guilds. He also provides thumbnail sketches of the practice of medicine in various countries for comparison.

This new edition is dedicated to Dr. Robert Enelow, who practices the healing arts with wit and spirit.