by John Haynes Holmes
John Haynes Holmes was born on November 29, 1879 in Philadelphia, although he spent much of his youth in the Boston area. He grew up within the Unitarian church, and was extremely close to his grandfather, John Haynes. While he initially planned to enter business, as his grandfather did, he ended up graduating from Harvard Divinity School in 1904. He married the same time he graduated from school, and he and his wife, Madeleine Baker, relocated to Dorchester, Massachusetts, for Holmes to take up a position at a church. However he and Madeleine were deeply interested in hymns, and the connection helped Holmes find a new role at the Church of the Messiah in New York City. There Holmes combined his love of religion with a genuine desire to improve society. He delivered and published sermons such as “Christianity and Socialism”, where he found that Socialism was “the religion of Jesus, and of all the great prophets of God who have lived and died for men.”
Holmes went on to help found several powerful organizations seeking justice. In 1908, the Unitarian Fellowship for Social Justice was founded by Holmes and twenty other people. Holmes also helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), and the American branch of the Fellowship of Reconciliation and the War Resistance League.Although some people had rebuked Holmes during World War I when he preached pacifism, he was still very popular and drew people to wherever he preached. His goal was to create a uniquely multicultural and religiously diverse congregation, which he successfully did through The Community Church of New York. Holmes has had a profoundly positive impact, not just on the Unitarian Church, but the fabric of the United States.
by Capt. C.J.F.S. Forbes
In 1879, Nature: The International Journal of Science, offered this review of this work:
“This book is offered as the result of thirteen years’ experience derived from close intercourse, both officially and privately, with the people of Burma during that period. Such works are frequently contributed by the pro-consuls of the British empire, and afford, apart from their scientific value, good material to judge of the men and methods of our colonial government…It is, however, seldom that we see combined with the administrative capacities of our governors and commissioners a thorough knowledge of the ethnology, biology, and physical characteristics of the regions over which they preside. When such a man appears, and further possesses the quality of observation, his work marks an epoch, and English rule receives a new significance. It is in no adverse spirit that we say thus early that Capt. Forbes’ work will not rank in this category, and we desire rather to commend it for what it does possess than to criticize it for the information which it does not supply.”
Captain Forbes, without the aid of any diagrams or other visual aids, spends a great deal of explaining economic systems, history, religion and other things he encounters in deep detail. While the work offers a lot of interesting insight on the region during the late 1800s, it is still flawed with some prejudices and misunderstandings that were commonly believed at the time.
The world is getting more complex causing policy problems to seemingly get bigger and become more intractable. Traditional approaches and conventional methodologies alone are no longer adequate to solve policy problems in our interconnected global environment. Promising new scholars in the field of policy and complexity are breaking boundaries and laying the groundwork for innovative perspectives on how to better define policy problems, impacts, attitudes, and solutions. Whether in the field of economics, education, energy, health, human security, or transportation, the selected essays and research in this book demonstrate how essential new thinking and approaches are needed.
These scholars have demonstrated vision, imagination, diligence, passion, and courage for solving problems. Don’t miss how some of the top promising new scholars address problems and add to creating viable solutions to some of the biggest policy issues of our day.
by Ilayda Aydin
Civilization in the twenty-first century is characterized by its technological capacity, which is substantially realized through space technologies. A desire for increased security and rapid development is driving nation-states to engage in an intensifying competition for speed and superiority to better utilize the unique assets of space. This competition, however, is rigorously challenged by the unforgiving physical properties of the space environment such as extreme temperatures and intense fluxes of radiation, as well as by an escalation in nuclear proliferation that could end all life known to human existence. Despite these challenges, humanity is taking eager steps into space—and is taking its various geopolitical rivalries and imperatives along.Does space development further or undermine global security? Can an obsession with security pose an ironically existential threat to humanity in this most fragile yet unforgiving environment it is stepping into? This book analyses the Chinese-American space discourse from the lenses of international relations theory, history and political psychology to explore these questions.
by Dr. Karl F. M. Sandberg
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Karl Ferdinand Marius Sandberg was a longtime member of the Socialist Party in the United States, including serving on the National Committee. He was particularly interested in the banking, currency and general monetary systems in the US. He wrote multiple works on this subject, including The Currency Problem: The Problem of The Socialist Party Today, and The Money Trust. Sandberg was deeply concerned with income inequality, and argued that the banking system was not a viable source for solving financial issues plaguing the nation, but rather that “farmers and wageworkers” needed to be the focus and origin of solutions.Dr. Sandberg was a surgeon-in-chief at the Norwegian Tabitha Hospital in Chicago, Illinois. He was also a member of the Norwegian Nationalist League in Chicago, which linked all Norwegian organizations with at least twenty members, including a singing organization, burial society, the Scandinavian-American Prohibition Club, painter’s union, shoemakers’ society, and much more.
by Octavia Hill
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Octavia Hill was born in December 1838 into a large family of ultimately nine children. Her father was a corn merchant, but after he suffered from mental issues, he was no longer able to support his family, so his wife, Caroline Southwood Smith and her family, financially supported the family. Much of her family was deeply interested in alleviating poverty in urban settings, which influenced Hill throughout her life. Her own circumstances changed as well, having gone from comfort to poverty after her father’s illness. At the age of 13, Hill was accepted into a co-operative guild, which training in glass-painting. The guild was designed to provide employment opportunities for impoverished women. She soon began managing the guild, and heartbroken over the extreme poverty she saw her fellow child workers experienced, she began working within other organizations as well to address poverty. As part of her experiences, she was put in charge of managing three neglected homes, in hopes of improving their condition, the quality of lives of the low-income tenants and making them attractive for investment as well. This work focuses on Hill’s experiences in managing these properties, and her thoughts on how to eradicate poverty and improve the quality of life for all Londoners.Hill was very successful, and her program grew tremendously and took on other paid female professionals. She had some interesting beliefs, such as not supporting women’s suffrage and also not being supportive of welfare benefits, even for the elderly and infirm, preferring only the concept of self-sufficiency. Hill died from cancer on August 13, 1912 at the age of 73.
by Lawrence R. Dicksee and Frank Tillyard
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Lawrence R. Dicksee was deeply invested in all aspects of numbers when it came to business. He was head of a firm of accountants, Sellars, Dicksee and Co. He was also an esteemed scholar, working as an accounting professor at the University of Birmingham, while also serving as a Lecturer at the London School of Economics.
Dicksee began his practice as an accountant in 1886, and then began teaching later, in 1902. Even if students did not take a class with him, they likely encountered him, as he wrote numerous accounting textbooks, such as Advanced Accounting, Hotel Accounts, and Bookkeeping for Accountant Students, among numerous others. Dicksee had a deep impact on accountancy as it is taught, particularly in the United States. Goodwill and its Treatment in Accounts offers one such example.
This edition is dedicated to Rex Kallembach, CPA.