Russia: A Study

by A. N. Drew

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A. N. Drew spent over twenty-five years doing business in Russia, and picked up the language over time. This work is an attempt at interpreting Russian life, which is the first portion of the book. In it, Drew highlights political issues in chapters such as “Character,” “Morality,” and “Education.” Drew also spends time analyzing issues of religion and nationality in Russia, including anti-Semitic violence and anti-German sentiments.

Due to his interest and specialty, Drew spends the latter portion of the book on issues of Russian industry, both on natural resources, as well as taxation and business development. Published at the end of World War I, it offers an illuminating look at concerns of a rapidly shifting global political landscape.

This new edition is dedicated to the scholars of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, custodians of much of Russian history.

 

A Common Sense Manifesto (With a Nod to Thomas Paine, Not Karl Marx)

by Max J. Skidmore

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political situation in America, and how it came to be. It chronicles the disturbing deterioration of the Republican Party into an extreme and corrupt mechanism ready to receive and incorporate a destructive force that it welcomed wholeheartedly when it appeared in the bombastic, and completely self-centered, form of Donald Trump. Calling for a “blue tsunami,” the Manifesto outlines the way forward, out of the insanity. It notes political realities and thus accepts the need to work within the two-party system. It argues for a rational and comprehensive “Modern Political Economy” that recognizes environmental imperatives, corrects severe income and political inequality, expands Social Security, implements universal health care, protects the rights and dignity of all the people, improves America’s sagging infrastructure and transportation up to world-class and responsible standards, and ensures full participation in the national bounty in ways that protect the world and all its current and future inhabitants.

 

US Ballistic Missile Defense and Deterrence Postures: The New Cold War Era Perspective on the Wartime Use of Active Missile Defenses

by Grzegorz Nycz

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This book discusses most recent developments in the area of US ballistic missile defense with an eye on its battlefield capacities since the Kuwait war, analyzed from the perspective of deterrence postures encompassing the key post-Cold War security challenges (Middle East, Far East, Eastern Europe). The analyzed cases of missile defense engagements included (after the Desert Storm), Operation Iraqi Freedom, Israeli operations against Hamas and Yemen war. The theoretical base of the book relied on the waves of deterrence theory since the early years of the nuclear age through the deployment of thermonuclear warheads, nuclear plenty and the late Cold War revisions of deterrence paradigms.

The main body of the book is exploring the historical and probabilistic evidence on missile defense accuracy in various scenarios of its employment and differing layered short, medium and long range systems of the US counter-ballistic technologies. Historically, the missile defense investments since the early thermonuclear range were challenging the Mutual Assured Destruction paradigm. Notably, after partial marginalization of US long range missile defense concepts of the 1960s, seen as incompatible with 1972 Anti-ballistic missile treaty between the US and USSR, missile defense constructions were reinvigorated through Reagan’s 1983 Strategic Defense Initiative, while post-1976 Patriot tactical air and missile defense were gradually winning arms contracts, as in the post Cold War age the value of extended deterrence grew. New post-Cold War missile defense investments included the Middle Eastern US allies, as well as Japan and South Korea threatened by DPRK nuclear and ballistic experiments. Importantly, the value of extended missile defense engagements became broader visible in the era of New Cold War between Russia and the West, when new Aegis Ashore bases in Romania and Poland proved the theater range missile defense capacity of new NATO members.

Grzegorz Nycz, Ph.D. is adjunct professor at the Pedagogical University of Cracow’s Institute of Political Science. He graduated from Jagiellonian University and Cracow University of Economics. Ryoichi Sasakawa Young Leaders Fellowship Fund Fellow 2007/2008. His research refers to U.S. security and foreign policy, with a special focus on nuclear deterrence and ballistic missile defense postures. His recent publications include monographs on strategic balance and U.S. national security policy and texts in periodicals related to ballistic missile defense investments, as well as U.S. military-political engagements in Eastern Europe, Middle East and East Asia in the time of the “New Cold War” between Russia and the West.

 

Anti-Poverty Measures in America: Scientism and Other Obstacles

Editors, Max J. Skidmore and Biko Koenig

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Anti-Poverty Measures in America brings together a remarkable collection of essays in two groups. The first group consists of papers dealing with the inhibiting effects of scientism—an over-dependence on scientific methodology that is prevalent in the social sciences, particularly in political science. Employing the methods of science is vital where appropriate, but other approaches often will lead to useful insights as well, some of which may be essential. Ignoring them has deleterious effects, such as discouraging the obligation to “speak truth to power.” The second group presents papers dealing with other obstacles to anti-poverty legislation in the United States.

Papers in both groups originated as presentations during annual meetings of the American Political Science Association at panels of the APSA’s Caucus on Poverty, Inequality, and Public Policy; the first group from the San Francisco meeting in 2017, and the second from the 2018 meeting in Boston. All were subsequently published in the journal related to the Caucus: Poverty and Public Policy, sponsored by the Policy Studies Organization. Recognizing their value, the PSO is pleased to present these essays to the public in this volume.

The Editors:
Max J. Skidmore is University of Missouri Curators’ Distinguished Professor of Political Science at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. He has been Distinguished Fulbright Lecturer to India (where he was CEO of the American Studies Research Centre), and Senior Fulbright Scholar at the University of Hong Kong (where he was elected to chair the Board of American Studies). His publications include scores of articles and book chapters, and more than two dozen books. His major emphases are American government and political history, presidents and the presidency, social legislation (especially Social Security), and ideologies and American political thought. His Ph.D. is from the University of Minnesota.

Biko Koenig is Assistant Professor of Government & Public Policy at Franklin & Marshall College in Lancaster, PA. Trained in ethnographic, interview based, and survey research methods, his research approach is grounded in qualitative, fieldwork based, and interpretive approaches to problem solving. His ongoing research involves labor-community coalitions that focus on low income workers and public policy.

 

New Wars for Old: Being a Statement of Radical Pacifism in Terms of Force Versus Non-Resistance: with Special Reference to the Facts and Problems of the Great War

by John Haynes Holmes

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John Haynes Holmes was born on November 29, 1879 in Philadelphia, although he spent much of his youth in the Boston area. He grew up within the Unitarian church, and was extremely close to his grandfather, John Haynes. While he initially planned to enter business, as his grandfather did, he ended up graduating from Harvard Divinity School in 1904. He married the same time he graduated from school, and he and his wife, Madeleine Baker, relocated to Dorchester, Massachusetts, for Holmes to take up a position at a church. However he and Madeleine were deeply interested in hymns, and the connection helped Holmes find a new role at the Church of the Messiah in New York City. There Holmes combined his love of religion with a genuine desire to improve society. He delivered and published sermons such as “Christianity and Socialism”, where he found that Socialism was “the religion of Jesus, and of all the great prophets of God who have lived and died for men.”

Holmes went on to help found several powerful organizations seeking justice. In 1908, the Unitarian Fellowship for Social Justice was founded by Holmes and twenty other people. Holmes also helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), and the American branch of the Fellowship of Reconciliation and the War Resistance League.Although some people had rebuked Holmes during World War I when he preached pacifism, he was still very popular and drew people to wherever he preached. His goal was to create a uniquely multicultural and religiously diverse congregation, which he successfully did through The Community Church of New York. Holmes has had a profoundly positive impact, not just on the Unitarian Church, but the fabric of the United States.

 

 

 

 

British Burma and Its People: Being Sketches of Native Manners, Customs and Religion

by Capt. C.J.F.S. Forbes

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In 1879, Nature: The International Journal of Science, offered this review of this work:

“This book is offered as the result of thirteen years’ experience derived from close intercourse, both officially and privately, with the people of Burma during that period. Such works are frequently contributed by the pro-consuls of the British empire, and afford, apart from their scientific value, good material to judge of the men and methods of our colonial government…It is, however, seldom that we see combined with the administrative capacities of our governors and commissioners a thorough knowledge of the ethnology, biology, and physical characteristics of the regions over which they preside. When such a man appears, and further possesses the quality of observation, his work marks an epoch, and English rule receives a new significance. It is in no adverse spirit that we say thus early that Capt. Forbes’ work will not rank in this category, and we desire rather to commend it for what it does possess than to criticize it for the information which it does not supply.”

Captain Forbes, without the aid of any diagrams or other visual aids, spends a great deal of explaining economic systems, history, religion and other things he encounters in deep detail. While the work offers a lot of interesting insight on the region during the late 1800s, it is still flawed with some prejudices and misunderstandings that were commonly believed at the time.

 

 

 

 

Policy Perspectives from Promising New Scholars in Complexity: Volume III

Dr. Liz Johnson and Dr. Joseph Cochran, Editors

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The world is getting more complex causing policy problems to seemingly get bigger and become more intractable. Traditional approaches and conventional methodologies alone are no longer adequate to solve policy problems in our interconnected global environment. Promising new scholars in the field of policy and complexity are breaking boundaries and laying the groundwork for innovative perspectives on how to better define policy problems, impacts, attitudes, and solutions. Whether in the field of economics, education, energy, health, human security, or transportation, the selected essays and research in this book demonstrate how essential new thinking and approaches are needed.

These scholars have demonstrated vision, imagination, diligence, passion, and courage for solving problems. Don’t miss how some of the top promising new scholars address problems and add to creating viable solutions to some of the biggest policy issues of our day.