Geopolitics of Outer Space: Global Security and Development

by Ilayda Aydin

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Civilization in the twenty-first century is characterized by its technological capacity, which is substantially realized through space technologies. A desire for increased security and rapid development is driving nation-states to engage in an intensifying competition for speed and superiority to better utilize the unique assets of space. This competition, however, is rigorously challenged by the unforgiving physical properties of the space environment such as extreme temperatures and intense fluxes of radiation, as well as by an escalation in nuclear proliferation that could end all life known to human existence. Despite these challenges, humanity is taking eager steps into space—and is taking its various geopolitical rivalries and imperatives along.Does space development further or undermine global security? Can an obsession with security pose an ironically existential threat to humanity in this most fragile yet unforgiving environment it is stepping into? This book analyses the Chinese-American space discourse from the lenses of international relations theory, history and political psychology to explore these questions.

 

The New Rebellion

by Dr. Karl F. M. Sandberg

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Karl Ferdinand Marius Sandberg was a longtime member of the Socialist Party in the United States, including serving on the National Committee. He was particularly interested in the banking, currency and general monetary systems in the US. He wrote multiple works on this subject, including The Currency Problem: The Problem of The Socialist Party Today, and The Money Trust. Sandberg was deeply concerned with income inequality, and argued that the banking system was not a viable source for solving financial issues plaguing the nation, but rather that “farmers and wageworkers” needed to be the focus and origin of solutions.Dr. Sandberg was a surgeon-in-chief at the Norwegian Tabitha Hospital in Chicago, Illinois. He was also a member of the Norwegian Nationalist League in Chicago, which linked all Norwegian organizations with at least twenty members, including a singing organization, burial society, the Scandinavian-American Prohibition Club, painter’s union, shoemakers’ society, and much more.

 

 

 

This is a cover of the book. It features a black and white illustration of an industrial scene of the city from the rooftop perspective

Homes of the London Poor

by Octavia Hill

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Octavia Hill was born in December 1838 into a large family of ultimately nine children. Her father was a corn merchant, but after he suffered from mental issues, he was no longer able to support his family, so his wife, Caroline Southwood Smith and her family, financially supported the family. Much of her family was deeply interested in alleviating poverty in urban settings, which influenced Hill throughout her life. Her own circumstances changed as well, having gone from comfort to poverty after her father’s illness. At the age of 13, Hill was accepted into a co-operative guild, which training in glass-painting. The guild was designed to provide employment opportunities for impoverished women. She soon began managing the guild, and heartbroken over the extreme poverty she saw her fellow child workers experienced, she began working within other organizations as well to address poverty. As part of her experiences, she was put in charge of managing three neglected homes, in hopes of improving their condition, the quality of lives of the low-income tenants and making them attractive for investment as well. This work focuses on Hill’s experiences in managing these properties, and her thoughts on how to eradicate poverty and improve the quality of life for all Londoners.Hill was very successful, and her program grew tremendously and took on other paid female professionals. She had some interesting beliefs, such as not supporting women’s suffrage and also not being supportive of welfare benefits, even for the elderly and infirm, preferring only the concept of self-sufficiency. Hill died from cancer on August 13, 1912 at the age of 73.

 

 

 

Goodwill and Its Treatment in Accounts: A Historical Look at Goodwill, Trade Marks & Trade Names

by Lawrence R. Dicksee and Frank Tillyard

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Lawrence R. Dicksee was deeply invested in all aspects of numbers when it came to business. He was head of a firm of accountants, Sellars, Dicksee and Co. He was also an esteemed scholar, working as an accounting professor at the University of Birmingham, while also serving as a Lecturer at the London School of Economics.

Dicksee began his practice as an accountant in 1886, and then began teaching later, in 1902. Even if students did not take a class with him, they likely encountered him, as he wrote numerous accounting textbooks, such as Advanced Accounting, Hotel Accounts, and Bookkeeping for Accountant Students, among numerous others. Dicksee had a deep impact on accountancy as it is taught, particularly in the United States. Goodwill and its Treatment in Accounts offers one such example.

This edition is dedicated to Rex Kallembach, CPA.

 

New England Arbitration and Peace Congress: Report of the Proceedings: Hartford and New Britain, Connecticut: May 8 to 11, 1910

by James L. Tryon

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The Report begins with this introduction:
“Next to the National Congresses held in New York and Chicago and the International Congresses held in Chicago and Boston, the New England Peace and Arbitration Congress was the most important gathering of the representatives and friends of the organized peace movement that has been held in this country. It was held under the auspices of the American Peace Society and the Connecticut Peace Society. Its leading features were valuable addresses of a historical and ethical character on the growth and aims of the peace movement and a memorable celebration of the one hundredth anniversary of the birth of Elihu Burritt.”

Burritt was the abolitionist blacksmith, appointed by President Lincoln as consul in Birmingham, England, and possibly the inspiration for Longfellow’s poem The Village Blacksmith. This volume showcases the work of members of various religious, labor organizations, political leaders coming together under the umbrella of world peace. The American Peace Society and the journal World Affairs continue to this day, having been incorporated into the Policy Studies Organization

James L. Tryon was born in 1864 in Massachusetts. He went on to attend Harvard University. He pursued law and divinity, ultimately getting a PhD from Boston University. He had many interests, and juggled several careers at the same time. Among other things, he served as a priest, a reporter, editor, a secretary and director. He became involved with the American Peace Society, and then was involved with the International Peace Congress. He was also a member of the American Political Science Association, American Society of International Law, and the Massachusetts Prison Association. His end goal, which he worked tirelessly for, was to achieve world peace.

 

Money and Its Laws: Embracing a History of Monetary Theories: and A History of the Currencies of the United States

by Henry V. Poor

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Henry Varnum Poor was born on December 8, 1812 in Andover, Maine. He went on to graduate from Bowdoin College in 1835, and then practiced law with his uncle’s firm. Poor became quite rich after he and his family invested in Maine’s timber industry, and then in the incipient rail industry. As part of his investment, he decided to create a compilation of financial information on railroad companies, History of Railroads and Canals in the United States. Ultimately, Poor, along with his son, Henry William, ended up developing Standard & Poor’s, the extraordinary financial information giant. Many of the family’s papers are held at the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library in Harvard University.

 

Middle East Reviews: Second Edition

Editors: Mohammed M. Aman PhD and Mary Jo Aman, MLIS

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About the Editors
Mohammed M. Aman, PhD is current Professor (Dean from 1979 to 2002) at the School of Information Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM), Interim Dean, School of Education (2000-2002), and Editor-in-Chief of the peer-reviewed journal, Digest of Middle East Studies (DOMES), published by Wiley-Blackwell. He is the author of scholarly books and journal articles.

Mary Jo Aman, MLIS is Associate Editor of the Digest of Middle East Studies (DOMES). She held management positions at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and prior to UWM, held positions at the Viking Press, Nassau County, N.Y. Library System, Brooklyn Public Library; Board Member of the International Board of Books for Young People (IBBY), and Editor of its quarterly Newsletter.

About the Book
The book brings together reviews of books published on the Middle East and North Africa during the period 2015 to 2018, thus supplementing the earlier edition published in 2016 that covers reviews from 2011 to 2014. The book is a valuable addition to Middle East literature, and will provide an informative read for experts and non-experts on the MENA countries. As with the first edition, this volume covers signed book reviews that cover subjects on the humanities, philosophy, religion, social sciences, history, arts, and literature. Together, the two volumes should serve as valuable sources for current literature on the MENA region and the subjects of interests to readers on the region.