by William Richard Morfill


William Richard Morfill (1834-1909) was a University of Oxford professor, specializing in Russian and Slavonic languages. He was born in England, and even as a small child was interested in foreign languages. While at Tonbridge School, a teacher introduced him to the Russian language, and it remained a lifelong passion.

Morfill graduated from Oxford with an MA in 1860, and he began publishing his work in Russian, focusing on translation. In addition to his schooling, he learned languages through travel. He started his major travels in 1870, going to Russia, Prague, and later Georgia. He wrote numerous publications, including A Simplified Grammar of the Polish Language (1884), A Grammar of the Russian Language (1889), Slavonic Religion (1904).

The Life of Hiuen-Tsiang: By the Shaman Hwui Li

by Hiuen-Tsiang
Introduction by Samuel Beal
Preface by L. Cranmer-Byng


Hiuen-Tsiang, also known as Xuanzang, was a Chinese Buddhist monk, traveler, researcher, and translator of the seventh century. Born in 602, he was primarily known for his travels to Southeast Asia, in what is now known as India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, where he wrote about Chinese and Indian Buddhist practices.

He grew up in a Confucian home, but was inspired by an older brother who had become a Buddhist monk and wished to follow in his footsteps. At the age of 20 he was ordained as a full monk, and began a search for sacred Buddhist texts. He went on to spend 17 years in Southeast Asia, writing about his experiences in Dà Táng Xīyù Jì, known as Great Tang Records on the Western Regions in English.

Samuel Beal was born on November 27, 1825 in England. He went on to attempt Trinity College, graduating in 1847, and later becoming an ordained priest in 1852. He became a naval chaplain, and was sent to China as part of his service. While there, he worked to learn Chinese, and even became a naval translator. His primary focus of his study was to learn more about Chinese Buddhism. Upon his return to the UK, he worked as a rector, a chaplain, and later became a professor of Chinese at University College.

This new edition is dedicated to George Nguyen, keen student and scholar of Buddhism.

This is a colorized illustration of five seated figures with a picturesque mountain scene in the background

The Karen People of Burma: A Study in Anthropology and Ethnology

by Harry Ignatius Marshall


As Rev. Marshall began his ethnographic study, “The Karen are a group of Indo-Chinese tribes living principally in Burma, the easternmost province of the British Indian Empire, in the Indo-Chinese peninsula, and in the adjoining country of Siam to the east. They are found between the tenth and twenty-first degrees of north latitude and between the ninety-fourth and one hundredth degrees of east longitude. The greater part of this territory they occupy in connection with the other peoples of the country, namely, the Burmese, Shan, Siamese, and Chin. The only exclusively Karen country is the hilly region of the Toungoo district and the Karenni subdivision, where the Karen chiefs of five states, comprising 4,830 square miles and a population of 42,240 are still in power under the Advisory Council of the British Government. There is also a Karen chief ruling one of the Shan States, and five other states in that section are ruled by Taungthu chiefs. In all these latter districts we find a mixed population.

The whole group of Karen tribes can be divided into three divisions, according to their language or dialect differences. These are the Sgaw, Pwo, and Bwe groups.”

Reverend Harry Ignatius Marshall, born in 1878, worked as a missionary in the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society.

This is a book cover in gray, blue and white colors, with a large ship on the cover

Contests of Initiative: Countering China’s Gray Zone Strategy in the East and South China Seas

by Dr. Raymond Kuo


China is engaged in a widespread assertion of sovereignty in the South and East China Seas. It employs a “gray zone” strategy: using coercive but sub-conventional military power to drive off challengers and prevent escalation, while simultaneously seizing territory and asserting maritime control.

Contests of Initiative: Confronting China’s Gray Zone Strategy provides three courses of action for the US and its Asian security partners to preserve regional peace, uphold freedom of the seas, and deter conflict. Building on theories of escalation dominance, Dr. Kuo casts gray zone strategies as “contests of initiative.” States that direct the operational tempo and choice of engagements can exploit gaps in political commitment to seize objectives. Once lost, their opponents face much higher costs to reestablish control.

Using case analysis backed by statistical methods, the three courses of action reach different balances between American leadership, allied costs, and Chinese responses. Ultimately, the book recommends the U.S. employ an “extended deterrence” approach. Washington should foster a regional sovereignty settlement, establish a political-military coordinating institution, and attain dominance in sub-conventional capabilities using unmanned ISR and strike platforms to contest and break Beijing’s control.

The study will be of great value to those in the national security community with responsibility for US policies in East Asia, but it also provides important insights for strategic planners and analysts who will be grappling with the larger strategic dimensions of US-China relations, certain to be the paramount issue in global politics for the foreseeable future.

Dr. Raymond Kuo is an independent political scientist focused on international security and East Asia. In addition to this book, he authored Following the Leader: International Order, Alliance Strategies, and Emulation (Stanford University Press, forthcoming 2021), explaining how military alliance strategies generate international order. Dr. Kuo’s other research has appeared in International Security, the Journal of Conflict Resolution, The National Interest, and The Diplomat, among others.

He previously served in the United Nations, the National Democratic Institute, and the Democratic Progressive Party (Taiwan). Dr. Kuo holds a Ph.D. and M.A. from Princeton University, an M.Sc. from the London School of Economics, and a B.A. from Wesleyan University.

The Little Grandmother of the Russian Revolution: Reminiscences and Letters of Catherine Breshkovsky

by Catherine Breshkovsky
Edited by
Alice Stone Blackwell


Catherine Breshkovsky was the abbreviated name of Yekaterina Konstantinovna Breshko-Breshkovskaya, born on January 25, 1844 in Russia. She was born into a wealthy family and received a quality education. She married at roughly the age of 24, but she later left her husband to start an anarchist commune with her sister and another friend. Although she long had an interest in politics, she became deeply involved in the revolutionary movement, part of which involved settling into peasant villages and spreading political ideas. She was arrested at the age of 30 after her false passport was detected on political grounds, namely for being a part of the “Russian socialistic and revolutionary party.” She was convicted and exiled to Siberia.

After 22 years, she was released in 1896, and immediately joined back with the revolutionary movement, and ultimately the Socialist-Revolutionary Party. In 1910, she was sentenced again to life in exile in Siberia, but by then Breshkovsky had international prominence. There was international pressure to release Breshkovsky from solitary confinement after a failed attempt to escape. After the February Revolution of 1917, Breshkovsky was welcomed and released as a legendary figure of Russia. She spent the remainder of her life in Europe, including Paris and Prague fighting Communism.

The Soul of a People

by H. Fielding Hall


The Soul of a People was originally released in 1898. Written by Harold Fielding Hall, a British official sent to Burma (now Myanmar) to take part in the Burma Commission. Hall lived for many years in Burma, and wrote this account of the places, people and of Buddhism as he encountered it during his travels.

Through his understanding on Burmese Buddhism, he uses it to relate to other Burmese customs and laws, on everything from marriage, festivals, criminal justice, gender roles, and the high value placed on life in all forms found within nature. Hall writes as a liberal Christian seeking to learn more about Buddhism, and he endeavors to describe religious tenants, as well as folklore and other local beliefs and customs. This work gives a great glimpse of life in Burma during the late 1800s, while also illustrating the perils of colonialism.

This new edition is dedicated to Hera Tun Oo, energetic traveler and probing scholar.


A History of Japanese Mathematics

by David Eugene Smith and Yoshio Mikami


Yoshio Mikami was an authority on wasan, native Japanese mathematics, and published multiple works on the topic in different languages. A colleague of David Eugene Smith suggested he work with Mikami to produce this volume. As Smith states in the introduction,

“The aim in writing this work has been to give a brief survey of the leading features in the development of the wasan…It is the hope of the authors that this brief survey may serve to show to the West the nature of the mathematics that was indigenous to Japan, and to strengthen the bonds that unite the scholars of the world through an increase in knowledge of and respect for the scientific attainments of a people…”




Old Stories & Sayings from India, Ceylon, Burma, and the Near East

by Isa Fyvie Mayo

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Isabella Fyvie Mayo was an incredible woman. Born in 1843 in London, she enjoyed the benefits of schooling and encouragement of her writing. She worked tirelessly to help her family, but for many years she was uncompensated for her writing. Finally, once she was published it was to great acclaim with Occupations of a Retired Life (1868). She wrote numerous books including, Not by Bread Alone (1890) and Other People’s Stairs (1898). Additionally, she wrote for many popular magazines such as the Sunday Magazine, Girls’ Own Paper, and Pa Mall Gazette.Although she often wrote under the pen name, Edward Garrett, she did much to advance women’s issues as an ardent suffragist. She even became the first woman elected to a public office in Aberdeen. She considered herself an ethical anarchist and active antiracist, especially working to provide a safe haven to those from South Asia.

Old Stories & Sayings from India, Ceylon, Burma, and the Near East is a reprinted work and has been manually cleaned of blemishes.




In the Great God’s Hair: Translated from the Original Manuscript

by F. W. Bain

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F.W. Bain translated this work from the original Sanskrit, and offered this as an introduction, “The name of the little Indian gable, here presented to the lover of curiosities in an English dress, is ambiguous. We may translate it indifferently, either: The New Moon in the hair of the God of Gods, or else, She That Reduces the Pride of Gods, Demons, and all the Rest of Creation, that is the Goddess of Beauty and Fortune. To those unfamiliar with the peculiar genius of the Sanskrit language, it might seem singular, that two such different ideas should be expressible by the one and the same word. but it is just in this power of dexterous ambiguity that the beauty of that language lies.”

Francis William Bain was born on April 29, 1863 and lived until March 3, 1940. He enjoyed a wide variety of pursuits in his life, ranging from being an amateur footballer to serving as a professor of history in British India. Yet he considered himself primarily a writer, specializing in fantasy, which he claimed to have translated from Sanskrit. However, these works were not directly taken from Hindu manuscripts, but were rather a mixture of Orientalism and Bain’s interest in fantasy. Although it was revealed that Bain was lying about the origins of such works as In the Great God’s Hair, his readership was unaffected. However, it is important for readers of to know that the views that this work imparts on marriage, love, and religion, are largely those of Bain’s and not a true reflection of Hinduism.


Stamped: An Anti-Travel Novel

by Kawika Guillermo

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Winner of the 2020 Association for Asian American Studies Book Award in Prose

Award-Winning Finalist in the Fiction: Literary category of the 2019 Best Book Awards sponsored by American Book Fest

Exasperated by the small-minded tyranny of his hometown, Skyler Faralan travels to Southeast Asia with $500 and a death wish. After months of wandering, he crosses paths with other dejected travelers: Sophea, a short-fused NGO worker; Arthur, a brazen expat abandoned by his wife and son; and Winston, a defiant intellectual exile. Bound by pleasure-fueled self-destruction, the group flounders from one Asian city to another, confronting the mixture of grief, betrayal, and discrimination that caused them to travel in the first place.

“Guillermo tells the stories of American expatriates seeking to lose or remake themselves in the far-flung corners of Asia. His narrative voice—steady, visual, and evocative—is complemented by his keen ear for dialogue.”
—Peter Bacho, author of Cebu and winner of the American Book Award

“Guillermo’s novel teaches the reader how to engage the world and reveals the very best about being a traveler rather than a tourist. We follow not only a vivid visual adventure across Asia, but also a linguistic journey into understanding new language and a definition of ‘we’ that is inclusive and empowering and revealing.”
—Shawn Hsu Wong, author of Homebase and American Knees

Kawika Guillermo moves and writes throughout Asia and North America, usually embarking from his station in Hong Kong. This is his first novel.


Donald J. Trump’s Presidency: International Perspectives

Editors: John Dixon and Max J. Skidmore

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President Donald J. Trump’s foreign policy rhetoric and actions become more understandable by reference to his personality traits, his worldview, and his view of the world. His campaign rhetoric catered to Americans comfortable with isolationism and certainly with no appetite for foreign military engagements. So, his foreign policy emphasis was on American isolationism and economic nationalism. He is not really interested in delving too deeply into some of the substantive issues of international politics, particularly the prevailing quandaries in the East Asia, Middle East and North Africa, and Central and Eastern Europe. Why bother when simple solutions will suffice, for his purposes. He has placed America’s global superpower status at risk. The gradual decline of its global influence seems inevitable.

Companion volume: John Dixon, Donald J. Trump as U.S. President: “It’s all about me!” (Westphalia Press, Washington, DC, 2018).

John Dixon is Professor of Public Administration at the Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey. He is a fellow of the British Academy of the Social Sciences in 2004, and has been an honorary life member of the American Phi Beta Delta Honor Society for International Scholars since 2006.

Max J. Skidmore is University of Missouri’s Curators’ Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Thomas Jefferson Fellow at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. He has been Distinguished Fulbright Lecturer to India, and Senior Fulbright Scholar at the University of Hong Kong.

Beijing Express: How To Understand New China

by David Baverez

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2017. The new President of France just took office. He knows his country needs radical reforms. The question is how to make his mark from the word go and how to make a clean break from his predecessors’ policies. He has an idea: instead of going to Berlin on his first official foreign visit – as is customary – why not go to Beijing? What better example is there of a country where radical reforms have met with success? In order to get a better idea of how things are changing in China, he asks someone who lives and works there and has daily contact with Chinese people to come with him.
During the flight from Paris to Beijing on the presidential jet, he and his traveling companion have a lively, quick-fire conversation about China. What comes to light is far from the preconceived ideas held in the West. We see the true nature of the new Chinese cultural revolution, backed by technology, service industries, and the thirst for consumer goods – an unexpected source of inspiration when it comes to reforming Western economies.


David Baverez is a private investor. He has been based in Hong Kong since 2012, where he finances and advises various starts-up. Previously, he was a fund manager for 15 years, first at Fidelity Investments in London and Boston, then as the Founding Partner of KDA Capital, a European Equity fund, until 2010.

He first published Beijing Express in France (Paris-Pékin Express – La Nouvelle Chine racontée au futur Président ; Éditions François Bourin, 2017). He is also is the author ofGénération Tonique – L’Occident est complètement à l’Ouest (Plon, 2015) and is a regular columnist in French newspapers L’Opinion and Les Echos.

The Great Indian Religions: Being a Popular Account of Brahmanism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Zoroastrianism

by G. T. Bettany

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G. T. (George Thomas) Bettany (1850-1891) was born and educated in England, attending Gonville and Caius College in Cambridge University, studying medicine and the natural sciences. He also attended London University in 1871, taking a degree in geology, and later receiving an MA six years later. He lectured on biology, and botany. Bettany wrote numerous works of history on various subjects, including A Biographical History of Guy’s Hospital (1892), Life of Charles Darwin (1887), and A Sketch of the History of Judaism and Christianity in the Light of Modern Research and Criticism (1892). He also was the English editor of Lippincott’s Monthly Magazine. He died of heart disease at the age of 41.

One Little Orchid: Mata Hari: A Marginal Voice

by Sanusri Bhattacharya

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“Her father was a subject of the Netherlands, and her mother was a Japanese. He died when she was an infant, and in order to protect her from the dangers which beset a young girl of mixed blood in the East, her mother fled from Java with her when she was three years old, and entered Burma. There, to further protect her, she pledged her to celibacy, and placed her in a Buddhist temple to learn dancing. After a dance at a great Buddhist festival in Burma, when she was almost fourteen years old, she saw a British officer and fell in love with him. It was her first love affair. She managed to escape from the temple and joined him … Finally they married. Two children, a boy and a girl, were born of their union … It is certain that she did not love her husband … The climax came when a maid whom she had beaten and discharged caused one of her gardeners to poison her infant son … She took a revolver, and, walking into the garden where the man was working, shot him dead.”
[“Dutch Dancer Spy.” The Southland Times. New Zealand. November 14, 1917.]

“Parisians have become very suspicious of late, but the surprise was general, nevertheless, when they discovered that their exotic favorite, Mata Hari, the Hindoo dancer, was a German spy. At the age of 17 she married a German who had obtained Dutch nationality in order to mask his spying work. The marriage was rather in the nature of a formal business transaction, but this did not prevent the ex-German officer from brutally ill-treating his young wife, whom he wounded on one occasion by a pistol shot. Nevertheless, she entered into the spy system with zest, became duly registered and paid, amused and delighted Paris for some years with her audacious performances, became acquainted with various highly-paid officials and politicians and found means, it is said, to make known to the Germans some of the most important French plans in the first months of the war, and subsequently informed them accurately of the departure of transports.”
[“Combing Out Hun Spies in France.” The Times. London. February 21, 1918.]

These are examples of wartime propaganda against Mata Hari that had been making the rounds in contemporary print media, which continued even after her execution. Most of these conspicuous falsities had been carefully promulgated by France in order to use her as a scapegoat during the wartime crises. In this book the author has tackled the challenge to expose the malicious intentions of the French government and also to show how Mata Hari had fallen prey to the then misogynic European society.

Old Chinatown: Turn of the Century Photographs of San Francisco’s Chinatown

by Arnold Genthe and Will Irwin

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This volume is one of a number of Westphalia titles significant in the story of the not always happy and often controversial Chinese contact with Western society. In the American case, despite appreciation by scholars for Chinese civilization, cries against Chinese immigration began in response to the development of the transcontinental railroad that saw the arrival of immigrants exploited as cheap labor. The first restrictive Act passed on May 6, 1882, and was the start of a series of increasingly more restrictive laws against Chinese, such as the Act to Prohibit the Coming of Chinese Persons into the United States, known more popularly as the Geary Act of May 1892. It wasn’t until the Immigration Act of October 1965 when the exclusionary practices were lifted, despite President Truman’s signing of the Act to Repeal the Chinese Exclusion Acts, to Establish Quotas and for Other Purposes in December of 1943.

The Fire-Fly’s Lovers: And Other Fairy Tales of Old Japan

by William Elliot Griffis

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William Elliot Griffis (1843-1928) served in the Union Army during the Civil War, then graduated from Rutgers University in 1869. He was a tutor for Taro Kusakabe, which opened up a world of opportunity for him in Japan. In 1870, he was invited to reorganize Japanese schools by Matsujapandaira Yoshinaga. Between 1870-74, Griffis taught science, wrote English language primers, and was an intermediary between the United States and Japan. He returned to the United States to complete his studies at the Union Theological Seminary in 1877, eventually earning a Doctor of Divinity in 1884. While he was active in the parish ministry, in 1903, he decided to resign so that he could focus on writing. He wrote not only on Japan, but also on Europe, particularly the Netherlands. His books included titles on Asiatic History; China, Korea and Japan — and collections of fairy tales, such as Swiss Fairy Tales, Belgian Fairy Tales, Korean Fairy Tales, and of course, the much enjoyed The Fire-Fly’s Lovers and Other Fairy Tales of Old Japan. This edition is dedicated to Francisco Alacantra, a later day emissary of the New World to the land of the rising sun.

Signpost of Learning: King Bhumibol’s Pilot Projects on Sufficiency and Sustainability in Food and Food Production

Signpost_of_Learning_Cover_for_Kindle.jpgby Frank W. Skilbeck and Keokam Kraisoraphong
Agriculture-related development projects in this publication, all initiated and nurtured by His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej and members of Thailand’s royal family, are presented out of heartfelt concern for the less fortunate and with infinite respect for the future of mankind.

Chinese Nights Entertainments: Stories of Old China

Collected by Brian Brown, preface by Sao-ke Alfred Sze

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“In a small country town in China there lived a great scholar named Kno Tzu Chien. This sage was an authority upon the old classics, and he also loved the folklore and fairy tales of ancient China. On winter evenings the home of this greatly loved scholar was a popular gathering place, and many of the old folks, from near and far, came and told folk tales that had been told to them in their youth— tales of old China that had been handed down from generation to generation in the same way —told at the firesides. Kno Tzu Chien presided over all these gatherings, (which might be called “Chinese Nights Entertainments”), and during the evenings would consult several old books, so as to give an accurate and detailed account of the interesting history and legendary lore which belongs to old China.” Such begins the work, Chinese Nights Entertainments. It was originally researched and published in the early 1920s amid new interest in China by Americans, and as part of the favorable response of translated Chinese poems by Amy Lowell. This work borrowed from a great many English translations of Chinese stories from the mid-1800s that were floating around London and were condensed in this book, which was prefaced by Sao-Ke Alfred Sze, Minister of China to United States, giving it authority and gravitas.

Jiu-Jitsu Combat Tricks: Japanese Feats of Attack and Defence in Personal Encounter

by H. Irving Hancock

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Jiu-Jitsu is a style of combat that emerges from feudal Japan and has developed into various forms of other popular styles, such as Judo and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. In its original form, which developed in Japan during the 1500s, it was developed as a way to combat fighting techniques from China, which focused on striking. In contrast, Jiu-Jitsu was developed as a way to immobilize adversaries and throw items as a defense. Grappling skills were central to the fighting style, which was developed to handle close range contact. Jiu-Jitsu techniques proved to be valuable and have since enjoyed many new developments in the style to hone it to the user’s needs and interests. For example, during the 1700s a new form emerged, Edo Jiu-Jitsu, which focused on non-armored combatants in every day situations, rather than wartime usage. In Jiu-Jitsu Combact Tricks, author H. Irving Hancock has selected many of these close-range defensive techniques, with photographs to shed light on how to utilize them. This work, being a reprint of a historical, turn of the century volume, helps to illustrate sporting interests and styles of the era as well.

Chinese Immigration: Turn of the Century Views

by Mary Roberts Coolidge

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This volume is one of a number of Westphalia titles significant in the story of the not alwa41cj2-SCG5L._SX326_BO1,204,203,200_ys happy and often controversial Chinese contact with Western society. In the American case, despite appreciation by scholars for Chinese civilization, cries against Chinese immigration began in response to the development of the transcontinental railroad that saw the arrival of immigrants exploited as cheap labor. The first restrictive Act passed on May 6, 1882, and was the start of a series of increasingly more restrictive laws against Chinese, such as the Act to Prohibit the Coming of Chinese Persons into the United States, known more popularly as the Geary Act of May 1892. It wasn’t until the Immigration Act of October 1965 when the exclusionary practices were lifted, despite President Truman’s signing of the Act to Repeal the Chinese Exclusion Acts, to Establish Quotas and for Other Purposes in December of 1943.


California Chinese Chatter

by Albert Dressler

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by Albert DresslerCalifornia Chinese Chatter contains telegrams sent in 1874 between Chinese citizens living in Downieville, California, and a court transcript of the murder trial of Ah Jake. It offers a unique view of the difficulties that Chinese immigrants had in the United SBookCoverImagetates, particularly in the midst of so much racism that eventually led to the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. The California Gold Rush caused a spike in Chinese immigration, which was continued by the development of the first transcontinental railroad.

The California Gold Rush really was a bonanza. Between 1849 and 1855 the miners gathered more than $400 million dollars; once adjusted, it is a sum today reaching into the trillions. It was a social phenomenon marked by the carnivalesque. In his work Roughing It (1872) Mark Twain’s protagonist remarks as his brother heads West, “Pretty soon he would be hundreds and hundreds of miles away on the great plains and deserts, and among the mountains of the Far West, and would see buffaloes and Indians, and prairie dogs, an antelopes, and have all kinds of adventures, and may be get hanged or scalped, and have ever such a fine time, and write home and tell us all about it, and be a hero…And by and by he would become very rich, and return home by sea, and be able to talk as calmly about San Francisco and ocean, and ‘the isthmus’ as if it was nothing of any consequence to have seen those marvels face to face.”

Go they did to the Land of Golden Dreams, in the largest internal migration in American history, and the adventures and tragedies have created a large and memorable literature.


Tales of Old Japan

by A. B. Mitford

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Sir Algernon Bertram Freeman-Mitford (1837-1916) was raised to the peerage as Baron of Redesdale in 1902. He was also a Knight of the Bath and a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order. After joining the Foreign Service in 1858, Lord Redesdale was posted in St. BookCoverImage-15Petersburg, Peking, and Tokyo. It was during his service in Japan, in 1871, that he wrote Tales of Old Japan. The book introduced a whole new audience to Japanese culture and folklore, and is considered a milestone in East-West understanding.

Oriental Rambles

by George W. Caldwell M.D.

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No excuse is offered for this volume and no apology is volunteered. The author did the best he could.

It is not intended as a guidebook or a romance, but merely as a true account of the events of travel and the points of interest as the ordinary traveler sees them and his camera portrays them, unhampered by the dry details of figures, and ungilded by fancy.


Old-World Japan: Legends of the Land of the Gods

by Frank Rinder

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Frank Rinder (1863-1937) was the art correspondent of the Glasgow Herald and adviser to the National Gallery in Melbourne, Australia. He had the luck of a substantial bequest to the gallery, which enabled him to be aggressive as its agent. His other books included a history of the Royal Scottish Academy and a study of the etchings of D.Y. Cameron. He selected Thomas Heath Robins (1869-1953) to do the illustrations for his Japan book. Dr Hilary Taylor writes:

“…this book is a gem. Clearly, it reveals contemporary enthusiasm for things Japanese – a taste which had Old-World Japan: Legends of the Land of the Godsburgeoned since the 1860s and the reopening of Japan to the West – and also Robinson’s remarkable talent and agility as an illustrator. … It is also interesting to compare Robinson’s illustrations with those produced, in the same year, by the young Aubrey Beardsley for Thomas Malory’s Morte d’Arthur. Beardsley, of course, had learned much from Japanese prints…In contrast, Thomas Heath Robinson’s illustrations for Rinder’s book on Japan do not have the same static figures, tense with eroticism, that we find in Beardsley, but they do reveal a vivid exploration of the power of black and white in illustrations that are at once full of sinuous, Art Nouveau movement and rich with exoticism. Robinson and Beardsley must have been well aware of one another’s work.”

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