The Great Indian Religions: Being a Popular Account of Brahmanism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Zoroastrianism

by G. T. Bettany

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G. T. (George Thomas) Bettany (1850-1891) was born and educated in England, attending Gonville and Caius College in Cambridge University, studying medicine and the natural sciences. He also attended London University in 1871, taking a degree in geology, and later receiving an MA six years later. He lectured on biology, and botany. Bettany wrote numerous works of history on various subjects, including A Biographical History of Guy’s Hospital (1892), Life of Charles Darwin (1887), and A Sketch of the History of Judaism and Christianity in the Light of Modern Research and Criticism (1892). He also was the English editor of Lippincott’s Monthly Magazine. He died of heart disease at the age of 41.

 

 

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One Little Orchid: Mata Hari: A Marginal Voice

by Sanusri Bhattacharya

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“Her father was a subject of the Netherlands, and her mother was a Japanese. He died when she was an infant, and in order to protect her from the dangers which beset a young girl of mixed blood in the East, her mother fled from Java with her when she was three years old, and entered Burma. There, to further protect her, she pledged her to celibacy, and placed her in a Buddhist temple to learn dancing. After a dance at a great Buddhist festival in Burma, when she was almost fourteen years old, she saw a British officer and fell in love with him. It was her first love affair. She managed to escape from the temple and joined him … Finally they married. Two children, a boy and a girl, were born of their union … It is certain that she did not love her husband … The climax came when a maid whom she had beaten and discharged caused one of her gardeners to poison her infant son … She took a revolver, and, walking into the garden where the man was working, shot him dead.”
[“Dutch Dancer Spy.” The Southland Times. New Zealand. November 14, 1917.]

“Parisians have become very suspicious of late, but the surprise was general, nevertheless, when they discovered that their exotic favorite, Mata Hari, the Hindoo dancer, was a German spy. At the age of 17 she married a German who had obtained Dutch nationality in order to mask his spying work. The marriage was rather in the nature of a formal business transaction, but this did not prevent the ex-German officer from brutally ill-treating his young wife, whom he wounded on one occasion by a pistol shot. Nevertheless, she entered into the spy system with zest, became duly registered and paid, amused and delighted Paris for some years with her audacious performances, became acquainted with various highly-paid officials and politicians and found means, it is said, to make known to the Germans some of the most important French plans in the first months of the war, and subsequently informed them accurately of the departure of transports.”
[“Combing Out Hun Spies in France.” The Times. London. February 21, 1918.]

These are examples of wartime propaganda against Mata Hari that had been making the rounds in contemporary print media, which continued even after her execution. Most of these conspicuous falsities had been carefully promulgated by France in order to use her as a scapegoat during the wartime crises. In this book the author has tackled the challenge to expose the malicious intentions of the French government and also to show how Mata Hari had fallen prey to the then misogynic European society.

 

 

Future Faces of Food and Food Security: Volume 2, Number 2 / Volume 3, Number 1 of World Food Policy

Edited by Keokam Kraisoraphong

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World Food Policy (WFP) in this double issue features articles from the 2015 World Food Policy Conference, organized in celebration of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn’s 60th Birthday Anniversary. By the theme Future Faces of Food and Farming: Regional Challenges the articles discuss the much-needed policy reconfiguration to meet the enormous complexities in today’s foodvaried production and consumption patterns and inequalities, witnessed both within and between nations. Sharing common as well as different experiences among countries from different regions, the articles cover issues in fisheries, fresh markets, food security and income diversification. A number of short articles under the theme Food Security in an Age of Falling Commodity and Food Prices are included along with that from the keynote speech on The World Food Economy: A 40 Year Perspective on the Past, and a Look Forward.

The Journal continues to emphasize its efforts to bring to readers research-based articles of multi-disciplinary approaches. WFP editors thus welcome submissions of manuscripts contributing to providing a multi-disciplinary forum for generating the analysis and understanding of global trends—as well as regional and local forces shaping food and food policies around the world.

Buffalonian.

 

 

A World of Old and New Water Issues: Volume 2, Number 2 of New Water Policy and Practice

Edited by Jeff Camkin and Susana Neto

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Welcome to the fourth issue of New Water Policy and Practice Journal: A Platform for the World’s Emerging Water Leaders and Thinkers.

One of our main aims at New Water Policy and Practice Journal is to support emerging
water leaders and thinkers to develop and share their ideas on how to address the varied
challenges for water management around the world. In our first three issues we have
already had papers from 14 different countries—Angola, Australia, Canada, China,
Equador, India, Indonesia, Israel, Laos, Malaysia, Pakistan, Portugal, South Africa and
the United Swatertates.

In this fourth edition we have an eclectic suite of papers which demonstrate the great diversity of challenges in water management, and the opportunities that exist by sharing experiences.

We hope you enjoy this latest journey through the challenging world of water
management.

 

 

Old Chinatown: Turn of the Century Photographs of San Francisco’s Chinatown

by Arnold Genthe and Will Irwin

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This volume is one of a number of Westphalia titles significant in the story of the not always happy and often controversial Chinese contact with Western society. In the American case, despite appreciation by scholars for Chinese civilization, cries against Chinese immigration began in response to the development of the transcontinental railroad that saw the arrival of immigrants exploited as cheap labor. The first restrictive Act passed on May 6, 1882, and was the start of a series of increasingly more restrictive laws against Chinese, such as the Act to Prohibit the Coming of Chinese Persons into the United States, known more popularly as the Geary Act of May 1892. It wasn’t until the Immigration Act of October 1965 when the exclusionary practices were lifted, despite President Truman’s signing of the Act to Repeal the Chinese Exclusion Acts, to Establish Quotas and for Other Purposes in December of 1943.

The Fire-Fly’s Lovers: And Other Fairy Tales of Old Japan

by William Elliot Griffis

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William Elliot Griffis (1843-1928) served in the Union Army during the Civil War, then graduated from Rutgers University in 1869. He was a tutor for Taro Kusakabe, which opened up a world of opportunity for him in Japan. In 1870, he was invited to reorganize Japanese schools by Matsujapandaira Yoshinaga. Between 1870-74, Griffis taught science, wrote English language primers, and was an intermediary between the United States and Japan. He returned to the United States to complete his studies at the Union Theological Seminary in 1877, eventually earning a Doctor of Divinity in 1884. While he was active in the parish ministry, in 1903, he decided to resign so that he could focus on writing. He wrote not only on Japan, but also on Europe, particularly the Netherlands. His books included titles on Asiatic History; China, Korea and Japan — and collections of fairy tales, such as Swiss Fairy Tales, Belgian Fairy Tales, Korean Fairy Tales, and of course, the much enjoyed The Fire-Fly’s Lovers and Other Fairy Tales of Old Japan. This edition is dedicated to Francisco Alacantra, a later day emissary of the New World to the land of the rising sun.

New Challenges and New Roles in World Food Policy

by Keokam Kraisoraphong

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World Food Policy (WFP) in its third issue, features research-based papers on food policy from global perspectives, inclusive of regional and national cases. Revisiting the green revolution, a number of articles take issue with the phenomenon through interestingly different lens. This also includes exploring the implications for policy intervention occurring through the role of trans-continent actors – such as those from Asia over in Sub-Saharan Africa. Our editorial Board member also provides a ‘LET’s DEBATE’ piece to introduce an interactive dimension to the journal – encouraging feedback and further debate, over the coming three issues, on the arguments contained in the International Union for Health Promotion and Education (IUHPE).