Policy Perspectives from Promising New Scholars in Complexity: Volume IV

Editors: Dr. Liz Johnson , Dr. Joseph Cochran, Kristopher Heiser 

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The world is getting more complex causing policy problems to seemingly get bigger and become more intractable. Traditional approaches and conventional methodologies alone are no longer adequate to solve policy problems in our interconnected global environment. Promising new scholars in the field of policy and complexity are breaking boundaries and laying the groundwork for innovative perspectives on how to better define policy problems, impacts, attitudes, and solutions. Whether in the field of economics, education, energy, health, human security, or transportation, the selected essays and research in this book demonstrate how essential new thinking and approaches are needed.

These scholars have demonstrated vision, imagination, diligence, passion, and courage for solving problems. Don’t miss how some of the top promising new scholars address problems and add to creating viable solutions to some of the biggest policy issues of our day.

The Forgotten Army: The American Eighth Army in the Southern Philippines 1945

by Robert M. Young

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History has produced many famous armies. It has also produced several that few knew even existed. The American Eighth Army of World War II is one such force. They existed for only about 8 months yet saw action throughout the Southwest Pacific, specifically in the Philippines. Under the command of General Robert Eichelberger they conducted operations in the Southern Philippines, on the islands of Panay, Negros, Cebu, and Mindanao, as well as conducting mopping up operations on Leyte and Luzon. It was a small army, never having more than 5 divisions, and other than Mindanao those divisions never fought together. It was also an army that never experienced defeat. They experienced frustration, a tenacious enemy, and at times shortages of troops. Yet victory was at every turn. The war was coming to an end and the Eighth Army played its part by liberating the rest of the Philippines from Japanese control. The atomic bombs made an invasion of Japan unnecessary but the Eighth Army stood ready to take part in what would have been one of history’s largest operations.

About the author:

Dr. Robert Young received a B.A. from St. John’s University, an M.A. from Brooklyn College, and a Ph.D in military History from the C.U.N.Y. Graduate Center. He is currently a Professor of History and Military History at American Military University. He is the author of several books on World War II in the Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA) ad well as numerous articles on World War II and post-World War II conflicts. A New York City native and United States Army veteran, he currently lives in Long Island with his wife and two children.

The Garden at Rose Brake: Garden Writings of Danske Dandridge

Collected and Introduced by Justin McHenry

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Caroline “Danske” Dandridge (1854-1914) was a prominent West Virginian poet and historian of her generation. In numerous articles published in the leading gardening magazines of the time, Dandridge brought readers to her country estate on the outskirts of Shepherdstown, West Virginia. A place she called Rose Brake. The Garden at Rose Brake is the first collection of Danske Dandridge’s garden writings. These articles provide delicate and sumptuous descriptions of Rose Brake’s gardening delights and offer a glimpse into the life of one of West Virginia’s most acclaimed writers.

Justin McHenry is a writer and historian, and the archivist for American Public University System.

Outlines of Nursing History

by Minnie Goodnow

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Minnie Goodnow was born on July 10, 1871 in Albion, New York. She dedicated her life to leadership in nursing — working, teaching and as a historian of the field. During World War I she joined the Harvard Unit of American medical practitioners and worked in military hospitals in England and France. She wrote a great deal about her experiences there, particularly for the need of professional nurse education. Upon returning to the United States, she continued to write and lecture on this and other topics. Some of her books include Ten Lessons in Chemistry for Nurses (1914), Outlines of Nursing History (1916), War Nursing (1918), Practical Physics for Nurses (1919), and The Technic of Nursing (1928).

She often served as the superintendent of nurses in hospitals, including those in Rhode Island, Michigan, Colorado and in Washington DC. She was an organizing member of the Congress of the International Council of Nurses in Paris. Goodnow traveled to over forty countries to lecture, teach and do research for her books. She passed away at the age of 80, renowned as a pioneer in the field of nursing and nursing education.

This new edition is dedicated to Dr María Pérez, scholar and teacher.

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Vanished Arizona: Recollections of My Army Life

by Martha Summerhayes

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Born on October 21, 1844, Martha Summerhayes was raised in Nantucket, Massachusetts. She enjoyed two years abroad in Germany where she studied literature. She returned to the United States, and ultimately married a Civil War veteran, John Wyer Summerhayes, who was still actively serving in the US Army. Vanished Arizona is a work of her recollected memories of traveling with him and his regiment, across the desert, while pregnant, during the ‘Apache Wars.’ Summerhayes gives birth while on this journey and describes the difficulties of childbirth and aftercare in an unforgiving desert, with no real information available.

Summerhayes’ writing is reflective of her white, upper class attitudes, which some readers find reliable, while others find mired in prejudice. Either way, Summerhayes offers a very unique perspective of military life, and paints a very vivid portrayal of the complexities of travel, toilet, food, and medical care during the 1870s. This autobiographical account was published originally in 1908 to many accolades from both civilians and veterans. Summerhayes died on May 12, 1926, and is interred at Arlington National Cemetery with her husband, John.

Spiritualism: A Popular History from 1847

by Joseph Martin McCabe

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Joseph Martin McCabe was born on November 12, 1867. At the age of 15 he began training in the Franciscan order, and in 1890 was ordained. He was praised for his excellent scholarly work, especially in philosophy and was selected to study at the Catholic University of Louvain. By February 1896, he left the priesthood after losing his faith. Of his experience, McCabe wrote From Rome to Rationalism, published in 1897, and later the expanded version, Twelve Years in a Monastery.

McCabe was a truly prolific writer, publishing over 250 works. He became a secretary of the Leicester Secular Society, a founding board member in 1899 of the Rationalist Press Association, a member of the South Place Ethical Society, the National Secular Society, an advocate of women’s rights, associated with the Rationalist Association, and much more throughout his life.

McCabe was extremely critical of the spiritualism movement. Among other confrontations, in 1920 McCabe debated the famous author Arthur Conan Doyle, a spiritualist advocate. This work is a collection of arguments against spiritualism, and debunks many of its popular claims. McCabe felt spiritualism was a collection of tricks.

The new edition of this volume is dedicated to those scholars and scientists studying the perplexing history of spiritualism.

Studies in Ethics for Nurses

by Charlotte A. Aikens

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Charlotte Albina Aikens dedicated her life to nursing. In 1868 she was born in Mitchell, Ontario, Canada. During the Spanish-American War she volunteered her services as a nurse. Later, she went to serve as director of Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, DC. She left to work as the superintendent of nurses at Methodist Hospital in Des Moines, IA. Aikens also worked in Columbia Hospital in Pittsburgh, PA.

In addition to her services in hospitals, she wrote voluminously about nursing. Aikens was named associate editor of National Hospital Record in 1902), and for Trained Nurse and Hospital Review, she became associate editor in 1911, and four years later became the editor in 1915. In addition to editing journals, she wrote numerous books, like Studies in Ethics for Nurses in 1916. On Oct 20, 1949, she passed away in Detroit, Michigan

Old-Time Punishments

by William Andrews

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Originally published in 1890, this work sheds interesting commentary and illustration of various treatments and devices used to punish people convicted of a crime. However, as Andrews discusses, sometimes these trials were a sham, or simply through public opinion and not evidence. Many of these punishments were awful and could lead to death. Andrews details some, including whipping, the pillory, the stocks, the scold’s bridle, and various forms of tortured execution, such as pressing, and quartering.

Author William Andrews spent a great deal of time researching this topic. In 1881, he published a small booklet, “Punishments in the Olden Time.” It was so successful, he sold all four thousand copies. Surprised and emboldened, Andrews did more research, writing and published this work, Old-Time Punishments.

Doctor Judas: A Portrayal of the Opium Habit

by Charles Evans

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William Rosser Cobbe was a Chicago journalist who became addicted to opium, which he nicknamed ‘Doctor Judas.’ He was addicted for at least nine years at the time of writing his account, and discusses the mental and physical toll years of addiction took on himself, as well as that of his family. He hoped that his account would cause physicians to reconsider so generously prescribing opium, along with other drugs. Cobbe also writes of other addictive agents, such as cigarettes and cocaine.

At the time of his death, it did not appear that Cobbe had fully kicked his addictions. He was found dead in a hallway in 1907. He was doing various writing jobs while living in New York, where he had moved three years before his passing. He was estranged from his family, as his wife and two daughters were living in Chicago. It is believed that Cobbe was originally a medical doctor, but lost his position due to addiction.

Friends in the Seventeenth Century

by Charles Evans

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When introducing his work, Charles Evans wrote the following,
“The motive that has prompted the preparation of the present work, has been the hope that, by thus bringing the substance of the principal parts of the narratives of other writers into a more condensed form, the members of the religious Society of Friends–especially the young– may be induced to make themselves familiar with its rise, and the severe trials that attended its early progress…”

Charles Evans was born on December 25, 1802 in Philadelphia. He went on to study medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. In 1836, he married Mary Lownes Smith. He was also a very active member of the Society of Friends and wrote often for The Friend journal.

This new edition is dedicated to the readers of the library of the Friends Meeting, Washington D.C.

A Visit to a Gñani: From Adam’s Peak to Elephanta

by Virginia Huntington Robie

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Virginia Huntington Robie was born on October 18, 1868 in Salmon Falls, New Hampshire. She enjoyed the immense benefits of education throughout her childhood, and she went on to attend the School of Decorative Design at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and later the Art Institute in Chicago. Her lifelong focus was researching and writing architecture and art, but she also wrote juvenile fiction, and was a professor of art at Rollins College.

She wrote numerous books, including Historic Styles in Furniture (1904), By-paths in Collecting (1912), Quest of the Quaint (1916), and The New Architectural Development in Florida (1922). Her articles appeared in many journals, such as Country Life, Ladies’ Home Journal, the World Book Encyclopedia, Century Magazine, and International Studio, House and Garden. She was a dedicated, driven person, creating a significant catalog of writings, helping to design Rollins College, and strengthening the connection between the College and its town, Winter Haven, Florida.

This edition is dedicated to Elizabeth Helm of the National Sculpture Society, alert observer and imaginative editor of the scholarship of the arts.

Historic Styles in Furniture

by Virginia Huntington Robie

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Virginia Huntington Robie was born on October 18, 1868 in Salmon Falls, New Hampshire. She enjoyed the immense benefits of education throughout her childhood, and she went on to attend the School of Decorative Design at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and later the Art Institute in Chicago. Her lifelong focus was researching and writing architecture and art, but she also wrote juvenile fiction, and was a professor of art at Rollins College.

She wrote numerous books, including Historic Styles in Furniture (1904), By-paths in Collecting (1912), Quest of the Quaint (1916), and The New Architectural Development in Florida (1922). Her articles appeared in many journals, such as Country Life, Ladies’ Home Journal, the World Book Encyclopedia, Century Magazine, and International Studio, House and Garden. She was a dedicated, driven person, creating a significant catalog of writings, helping to design Rollins College, and strengthening the connection between the College and its town, Winter Haven, Florida.

This edition is dedicated to Elizabeth Helm of the National Sculpture Society, alert observer and imaginative editor of the scholarship of the arts.

The Labour Movement

by Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse

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Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse (September 8, 1864 – June 21, 1929) was a sociologist and political scientist, known as an early and powerful proponent of the “New Liberal” movement in England. He worked as a journalist for a decade, as a secretary for a trade union, and later as a professor of sociology at the University of London.

Hobhouse was strongly influenced by the work of John Stuart Mill, and was agnostic, a feminist, a secularist and described himself as a liberal socialist. He argued that wealth had a social dimension, and was not acquired through individual effort, but rather social organization. He was against imperialism, as he was against the “archaic order of society and older forms of coercion” as well. His sister, Emily Hobhouse was also a feminist, anti-imperialist and was best known for revealing the awful conditions inside British incarceration camps in South Africa, particularly those holding women and children.

The Labour Movement was one of Hobhouse’s first book, published in 1893. He wrote numerous other works, including Democracy and Reaction (1905), The Rational Good: A Study in the Logic of Practice (1921); The Elements of Social Justice (1922).

This new edition is dedicated to Steven Rathgeb Smith, able director of the American Political Science Association.

Ancient Stained and Painted Glass

by Frederick Sydney Eden

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Frederick Sydney Eden (1859-1950) became well known for his significant writings on the subject of stained glass. Previously, he was a lawyer, but had gotten caught up in some fraud regarding an estate, which landed him in jail for six years. However, he covered up his past, and it largely remained secret until his passing.

Eden came to the field of stained glass during his mid-40s, while he was examining Essex churches between 1909-11. He then began volunteer work with the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (RCHME). His experience as a draughtsman and growing knowledge of stained glass had his colleagues encourage Eden to write a work on the subject. In 1913, he released this work, Ancient Stained and Painted Glass as a result.

This work helped launch Eden’s career in the field. He began researching churches in other parts of England, however, his work was interrupted by World War I when he worked for the Ministry of Munitions. After the war, his career truly blossomed. In 1922, he became an honorary fellow of the British Society of Master Glass Painters, and became known as a major authority on stained glass, well aware of its role in combination with other arts.

This edition is dedicated to Gwen Pier of the National Sculpture Society, sagacious observer of the arts scene and major force in its contributions to our environment.

The Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America: Volume II

by John Fiske

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John Fiske was born on March 30, 1842 in Hartford, Connecticut as Edmund Fiske Green. Fiske was raised by his paternal grandmother who enjoyed an excellent education, learning Latin and Greek at a very early age, moving on to other languages as a teen, including Spanish, Hebrew and Sanskrit. He attended law school at Harvard, and opened up a practice in Boston in 1865. He quickly found he preferred teaching, and changed professions, focusing first on promoting the theory of evolution.

Fiske’s writings were praised for being readable and interesting, and the good reception spurred him on to pen many works. In addition to writing for popular publications, such as Atlantic Monthly, he wrote many popular books, including Myths and Mythmakers, The Discovery of America, and books intended for younger audiences, such as The War of Independence. He was a world famous historian, philosopher and educator when he passed away in East Glouchester, Massachusetts on July 4, 1901.

This new edition is dedicated to Lew Taylor, able editor and energetic historian.

The Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America: Volume I

by John Fiske

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John Fiske was born on March 30, 1842 in Hartford, Connecticut as Edmund Fiske Green. Fiske was raised by his paternal grandmother who enjoyed an excellent education, learning Latin and Greek at a very early age, moving on to other languages as a teen, including Spanish, Hebrew and Sanskrit. He attended law school at Harvard, and opened up a practice in Boston in 1865. He quickly found he preferred teaching, and changed professions, focusing first on promoting the theory of evolution.

Fiske’s writings were praised for being readable and interesting, and the good reception spurred him on to pen many works. In addition to writing for popular publications, such as Atlantic Monthly, he wrote many popular books, including Myths and Mythmakers, The Discovery of America, and books intended for younger audiences, such as The War of Independence. He was a world famous historian, philosopher and educator when he passed away in East Glouchester, Massachusetts on July 4, 1901.

This new edition is dedicated to Lew Taylor, able editor and energetic historian.

Storia del Grande Oriente d’Italia (Italian Edition)

by Emanuela Locci

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Questo volume è la traduzione italiana di un libro precedente nato con l’intento di colmare una lacuna bibliografica, infatti, fino alla sua pubblicazione non era presente nella letteratura massonica un libro che trattasse in maniera organica la storia della massoneria in Italia, scritto in inglese. Questo volume si proponeva di eliminare questa mancanza e di far conoscere a una parte del mondo, quella che si rifà alla lingua anglosassone, la storia della più importante delle Obbedienze che operano in Italia: il Grande Oriente d’Italia.

Il libro nasce dall’unione delle competenze di giovani ricercatori italiani che si occupano di massoneria e si sono incontrati in occasione del primo seminario promosso dal Centro Ricerche Storiche sulla Libera Muratoria che si è tenuto a Torino nel 2017 e che hanno deciso di mettere il loro sapere e la loro professionalità al servizio della storia e di questo libro.

 

cover image with white text of the book information over an image of the interior of a church

Beat the Drum Ecclesiastic: Gilbert Sheldon and the Settlement of Anglican Orthodoxy

by Heather D. Thornton

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Gilbert Sheldon, Archbishop of Canterbury (1663-77) was at the helm during the time the Church of England sought to remake and redefine itself in the aftermath of not only the Civil Wars, Interregnum, but the Restoration Settlement as well. He aided in the preservation of a remnant of the Church of England, supported his king until his execution, and gained a high position in the Church upon its return, which gave him the opportunity to influence the Church to the present day.

This work seeks to highlight Sheldon’s role during this era, and illustrates his powerful influence upon the Church he tirelessly served. Sheldon has often been one figure often overlooked by history and this work seeks to correct that problem. It showcases the importance of his steady hand at the helm of the church in the 17th century that allowed the Church of England to recover and flourish in later centuries.

Author Blurb
Heather D. Thornton received her PhD from Louisiana State University in 2010. She is currently an associate professor with the Department of History at American Public University. This is her first book.

 

Siren of the Heart

by Gad Ben-Meir

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Siren of the Heart is a selection of Ben-Meir’s poems written over the last twelve years celebrating his avid appreciation and colourful insight into love and friendship in all their manifestations, repercussions and, sometimes, conversion into hate or antipathy. His rhymes and free verse illuminate the breadth and depth of such feelings covering, inter alia, the readers’ underlying stratum of their own life experiences. Ben-Meir has cast, with verve and vivacity, his Middle Eastern cultural background into the vibrant and multi-cultural societies of Australia and England where he and his family have lived for close to six decades.

 

Andy Gordon

by Horatio Alger, introduction by Dr. Wallace Boston

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The young Horatio Alger heroes often sold newspapers or delivered telegrams, a reminder of how technology has moved on. Alger’s tales created youthful heroes whose persistence and pluck triumphed over enormous odds, often having to educate themselves by a flickering candle and late at night. But they hoped for better things and in the Alger novels their diligence and hard work won the day and they ended up getting the educations they deserved and the success that their exemplary morality earned. The reader will find this prototypical Alger story both a good read and food for thought in an era when the technology has indeed moved on but the challenges have remained.

The introduction is provided by Dr. Wallace Boston, President of the American Public University System and a Horatio Alger enthusiast.

The Black Tortoise: Being the Strange Story of Old Frick’s Diamond

by Frederick Viller

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Frederick Viller is the nom de plume of Christian Herman Sparre, a Norwegian Commanding Admiral and a member of Parliament. Sparre was born on July 30, 1859 in Norway to a prominent physician father, who also was a member of Parliament. Sparre was a graduate of both the Norwegian Naval Academy and the Norwegian Military Academy. He went on to a distinguished military career, all while serving as a politician, first serving on the Council of State Division in 1900, later being elected to the Norwegian Parliament in 1913.

Sparre also wrote a variety of fiction as well. The Black Tortoise is a detective novel, followed by The Mysterious Ship. The works were translated from the original into English. This particular work was translated by Mrs. H. L. Braekstad.

This new edition is dedicated to Larissa P. Watkins, scholar and librarian extraordinary, guide to Masonry and mystery.

 

Worlds of Print: The Moral Imagination of an Informed Citizenry, 1734 to 1839

by John Slifko

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Plato, Aristotle, Baron Montesquieu, and Jean Jacques Rousseau argued that you could never have a democracy bigger than the geographic size, intimate oral habits, and embodied rituals of face-to-face communication, and walking distance of a Greek city-state, French town, or small Swiss city. However, in the years surrounding the 1776 American War of Independence and accelerating into the 1800s in the American northeast and mid-Atlantic, there was a significant cultural transformation in the transition from oral/aural cultures to an increasingly literate citizenry. A consequence of this transition was an expanded geographical range of democratic engagement. In this book, John Slifko argues that freemasonry was representative and played an important role in this transformation and helped articulate the moral imagination of an informed democratic citizenry via fast emerging worlds of print.

A metamorphosis occurred through worlds of print anchored at home in the routine lives of local community and transmission in space across networks of place. Communication and political participation were enhanced in early America through a growing range of print vehicles such as pamphlets, newspapers, declarations and books of all types concerned with ancient and modern learning. The formation of local civic associations and reading libraries further contributed to this growth of available print documents. This work examines the vital roles that freemasons played in this print transformation.

About the Author:

John Slifko (1950-2018) was an expert in the fields of Freemasonry and Esotericism. He dedicated much of his scholarly and charitable work to studying democratic civil societies.

In 2015, John was awarded the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Geography from University of California, Los Angeles. He completed a joint Bachelor’s degree in Urban Planning and Geography in 1987 from San Francisco State and a Master’s degree in 1989 from University of California, Los Angeles in Urban Planning. John worked as a Planning Deputy for the Los Angeles City Council and as a Legislative Aide Field Representative for the United States Congress.

He was a founding member and served on the Board of Advisors at the Hannah Mather Crocker Society, Notre Dame University. He was also a Founder and co-Director of the Roosevelt Center for the Study of Civil Society and Freemasonry and Project AWE, which is dedicated to exploring connections between Western esotericism and the arts.

John was described by Zhenya Gershman, an Artist and Art Historian, as someone who “had a thirst for knowledge and a striving for improvement of life conditions for others that continues to be contagious. The concept of ‘Moral Imagination’ represented to John a combination of the reverie for artistic creativity with simultaneous responsibility for the world”.

 

The Hope for Perfect People Leaders: Positive Psychology Education to Lead our Future Health, Happiness and Success

by Dr. Lisa Miller

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The Hope for Perfect People Leaders provides a visionary strategic plan to educate and empower our future generations as luminaries of positive psychology. Leaders learn to dedicate themselves to the hope for higher humanism, while also producing prosperity through local and global altruistic reciprocity.

Readers will find a multidisciplinary collaboration from meticulous researchers, bold leaders, compassionate thinkers, eloquent activists, clever humorists, Olympic coaches, and wise discerning diplomats. This work offers a thought provoking mentality capable of improving one’s fundamental motivation toward life experiences. Lessons learned from the reading will inspire increased emotional intelligence, gracefulness in conflict, dedication to loyally serving others, and cultural inclusivity of demographic diversity and neurodiversity.

Dr. Lisa Miller, Professor of Health Sciences at American Military University, contributed 20 years of expertise on innovative collaborations in research, teaching, and service to develop our hope for altruistic leaders who will improve mental, physical, and spiritual health in higher education. Dr. Miller completed a Doctorate from The Ohio State University with interdisciplinary specializations in Higher Education and Student Affairs, Counseling and Sport Psychology, Research Methods for Human Development, and Sport and Exercise Management. She earned a Master of Human Resources from the Fisher College of Business along with a Graduate Concentration from Harvard University in Education and Religious Studies in addition to a Bachelor of Science in the Psychology Honors Program from Wright State University as a tennis scholar athlete. In her spare time, Dr. Miller enjoys discussing noble international projects, traveling internationally, teaching tennis, strolling through campuses, and helping others with positive psychology skills to proactively improve mental health.

 

The Peerless Cook Book: With Recipes for the Chafing Dish

by Mary J. Lincoln

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Mary Johnson Bailey Lincoln was born on July 8, 1844 in South Attleboro, Massachusetts. At the mere age of seven, her father died. She was able to attend school, graduating in 1864 from the Wheaton Female Seminary, now today known as Wheaton College. She married and became a housewife, but due to her husband’s failing health, she began teaching at the Boston Cooking School in the Spring of 1879. At first she declined the position, not thinking she was qualified, but after some instruction she took on the role and it grew immensely with her. Aside from organizing and teaching a variety of classes, she wrote Mrs. Lincoln’s Boston Cook Book: What to Do and What Not to Do in Cooking. Her cook book was highly detailed and considered scientific for including information on chemistry and food composition. It set the standard for cook books.

The Peerless Cook Book, first published in 1886, was her second published book. She also wrote a textbook for cooking, Boston School Kitchen Textbook: Lessons in Cooking for the Use of Classes in Public and Industrial Schools, which was published the following year. She thoroughly enjoyed teaching and writing, and published several articles in various magazines, she taught at Lasell Seminary, was a member of the New England Woman’s Press Association, served as editor and advisor on various publications and much more, including owning her own company, Mrs. Lincoln’s Baking Powder Company of Boston. Her work can be found under the name, Mrs. D.A. Lincoln, until 1894 when her husband, David A. Lincoln, passed away. Afterwards, she went by Mary J. Lincoln. She passed away on December 2, 1921.

This edition is dedicated to Elizabeth Helm in hopes she finds it handy.

 

Dan, The Newsboy

by Horatio Alger, introduction by Dr. Wallace Boston

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The young Horatio Alger heroes often sold newspapers or delivered telegrams, a reminder of how technology has moved on. Alger’s tales created youthful heroes whose persistence and pluck triumphed over enormous odds, often having to educate themselves by a flickering candle and late at night. But they hoped for better things and in the Alger novels their diligence and hard work won the day and they ended up getting the educations they deserved and the success that their exemplary morality earned. The reader will find this prototypical Alger story both a good read and food for thought in an era when the technology has indeed moved on but the challenges have remained.

The introduction is provided by Dr. Wallace Boston, President of the American Public University System and a Horatio Alger enthusiast.

 

Russia: A Study

by A. N. Drew

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A. N. Drew spent over twenty-five years doing business in Russia, and picked up the language over time. This work is an attempt at interpreting Russian life, which is the first portion of the book. In it, Drew highlights political issues in chapters such as “Character,” “Morality,” and “Education.” Drew also spends time analyzing issues of religion and nationality in Russia, including anti-Semitic violence and anti-German sentiments.

Due to his interest and specialty, Drew spends the latter portion of the book on issues of Russian industry, both on natural resources, as well as taxation and business development. Published at the end of World War I, it offers an illuminating look at concerns of a rapidly shifting global political landscape.

This new edition is dedicated to the scholars of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, custodians of much of Russian history.

 

The Remains of William Penn: Pennsylvania’s Plea, the Mission to England, Visit to the Grave, Letters, Etc

by George L. Harrison

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William Penn was born in London, England, on October 14, 1644, and would become many things, including a father, husband, legal and religious figure. He is most well known for founding the state of Pennsylvania. Penn was born into a family of wealth and political power, and as such, he enjoyed quality schooling, including attending Christ Church College, now University of Oxford, in 1660. However, he was expelled for criticizing the Church of England. During the 1660s, Penn met some members of the Society of Friends while in Ireland, and he eventually converted to the religion. He was jailed for blasphemy his 1668 work, The Sandy Foundation Shaken. Undeterred, and even more committed to his faith, he wrote No Cross, No Crown. He married fellow Quaker, Gulielma Maria Springett, and together they had three children. In 1681, Penn petitioned King Charles II for a charter to found Pennsylvania, which he hoped to develop as a place tolerant of all religions, and to have peaceful relationships with the numerous Native American tribes inhabiting the area.

Penn lived in and out of Pennsylvania after founding it, but returned to England after 1701, and ultimately passed away in Berkshire, England, on July 30, 1718. His health had been failing after he suffered a stroke in 1712. His second wife, Hannah Callowhill, largely ran the colony.

This edition is dedicated to the library readers of the Friends Meeting in Washington, D.C.

 

The Life And Works Of Charles Lamb: The Essays Of Elia

by Charles Lamb

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Charles Lamb (1775 – 1834) was a popular English author of works for both adults and children. His siblings were fairly spread out in age, so his elder sister Mary, 11 years older, became his closest friend. She taught him to read and would later author books with Charles. Lamb was educated throughout his life, enjoying a lifelong friendship with his first schoolmistress, Mrs. Reynolds. He went on to attend such institutions as Christ’s Hospital, a boarding school. Lamb was considered to be very popular and well-liked, however, he had a speech impediment, and it was this stuttering that kept him out of going onto college. Instead, Lamb worked as a clerk in several offices, eventually remaining with the British East India Company.

Lamb also took care of his sister Mary after she killed her mother in a fit of madness. Rather than allow her to remain imprisoned for life, Lamb worked to ensure she had been cared for in an asylum, and then was allowed to return home and live with Lamb. Despite a few attempts to court women to marriage, he was unsuccessful, and remained a lifelong bachelor. He and his sister enjoyed a fruitful social life, participating in many English salons. Lamb enjoyed success as a writer, particularly with his prose works, and his famous, Essays of Elia series, and the children’s work, Tales from Shakespeare that was written with his sister.

This new edition is dedicated to Peter Dozal, with best wishes for his studies.

 

The Soul of a People

by H. Fielding Hall

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The Soul of a People was originally released in 1898. Written by Harold Fielding Hall, a British official sent to Burma (now Myanmar) to take part in the Burma Commission. Hall lived for many years in Burma, and wrote this account of the places, people and of Buddhism as he encountered it during his travels.

Through his understanding on Burmese Buddhism, he uses it to relate to other Burmese customs and laws, on everything from marriage, festivals, criminal justice, gender roles, and the high value placed on life in all forms found within nature. Hall writes as a liberal Christian seeking to learn more about Buddhism, and he endeavors to describe religious tenants, as well as folklore and other local beliefs and customs. This work gives a great glimpse of life in Burma during the late 1800s, while also illustrating the perils of colonialism.

This new edition is dedicated to Hera Tun Oo, energetic traveler and probing scholar.

 

Masonry and Protestantism

by Susanna Hopkins Mason

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Social history as a corrective to a historiography is often too limited to diplomacy and wars. It began an upward trajectory as early as the 1930s, but it remains constrained by the frustrating cost and availability of materials that even great research libraries lack. This volume is a case in point.

Fraternal movements like Freemasonry have impacted society for hundreds of years. Yet, over time research into their undoubted influence has been handicapped by their codes of secrecy, arcane rituals, and the paucity of continuing tertiary research projects. As a step towards “more light” Westphalia Press has produced a number of scarce titles that will be helpful in understanding the “secret empire” of lodges, initiations, and (candidly) the deliberately inscrutable.John J. Lanier was a self-described, Masonic Lecturer, and author of numerous books on Masonic culture, including The Master Mason, Masonry and Citizenship, and Washington, the Great American Mason.

 

Selections From the Letters and Manuscripts of the Late Susanna Mason: With a Brief Memoir of Her Life by Her Daughter

by Susanna Hopkins Mason

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Susanna Hopkins Mason grew up in Maryland, with a father who was a member of the Society of Friends and a mother who was a member of the Episcopal church. Mason was fully encouraged by her parents in her educational pursuits throughout her life. Growing up, she made several visits to relatives in Philadelphia who also encouraged her education and literary talents.

Around the age of twenty, Mason became a member of the Religious Society of Friends. In 1779, she married George Mason and moved to Chester County, Pennsylvania. Mason became deeply involved in the Friends religious community. She spent a great deal of time in Philadelphia, and in the countryside to recover from several bouts of ill health. She began a school, and a relief organization for impoverished women in Baltimore. She passed away at the age of 57 in 1805. Her husband, George Mason, was the founding Virginia Governor.

This new edition is dedicated to the members of the Friends Meeting of Washington, D.C.

 

The Art of England: Lectures Given in Oxford

by John Ruskin

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John Ruskin (February 8, 1819 – January 20, 1900) was a brilliant English writer, artist, thinker and philanthropist. He was born into a family of means, which afforded him an excellent education. His parents were very encouraging of him, and Ruskin benefited from frequent travels throughout his lifetime. He began publishing, often poetry and articles on nature, and attended the University of Oxford, where he graduated with rare highest honors, despite bouts of illness.

He began traveling with his parents throughout Italy, France and other parts of Europe, where his writings on art criticism and history were well received. Among other arguments, Ruskin felt that architectural restoration was in fact, a form of destruction, and felt that preservation and conservation were better approaches. In 1848 he married Effie Gray, but the marriage was very unhappy and remained unconsummated until 1854, when it was annulled.

By 1850, in addition to much writing, Ruskin began to give popular public lectures on architecture and on painting in particular. But by the later 1850s, Ruskin began focusing his work on economics, particularly labor and social justice. His political ideas became extremely influential, particularly to Mohandas Gandhi. Later, he was invited to lecture at the University of Oxford. He also founded a utopian society, the Guild of St. George, in 1871. Ruskin wrote a great deal, lectured, and experimented with architecture and community until he died of influenza January 20, 1900 at the age of 80.

This new edition is dedicated to Dr. Ruskin Chádez Ibarra, scholar and researcher.

 

The Brockton Hospital Cook Book

by The Ladies Aid of the Brockton Hospital

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The Ladies Aid of the Brockton Hospital wrote this work in hopes of improving cuisine in the area, as well as raising financial aid for The Brockton Hospital which was a privately managed, public institution. The cook book features a variety of recipes for the average home, including for preparing bread, breakfast, meat, salads, pies and relishes. There is a chapter for recipes intended for those who are ill as well. In addition to providing a variety of easy to prepare omelets, cookies, jellies and more, the cookbook offers an interesting look at life, particularly consumer goods, of the 1910s.

Brockton Hospital was founded in 1896, and is known for featuring a school of nursing. It closed during the Great Depression, but reopened due to World War II. The hospital is now known as Signature Healthcare Brockton Hospital, located in Brockton, Massachusetts.

 

A Whistling Farmer

by H. W. Randolph

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Henry Wheeler Randolph was born in 1851. Not much is known about his life. However, through this book of his poetry, much can be gleamed from him and the circumstances of his life. His poems touch on lost love, farming, criminal justice, the Civil War, religion and the pleasures found in nature, general advice and of US history.As he states in his poem, “At the Front,”:”Through faith it is we see beyondThe pale of human thought,One glimpse, and, lo! a brilliant dawnForth stands before us wrought”This new edition is dedicated to Judith Rich Lauder.

 

Sir David Wilkie

by Lord Ronald Sutherland Gower

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Sir David Wilkie RA was born on November 18, 1785 in Scotland. Although he family was not terribly pleased with his devotion to the arts, they supported his choice to become a painter, and he went on to study at the Trustees’ Academy in Edinburgh. After graduation, he returned home and was commissioned to do many portraits, as his talent was already well recognized. After approximately a year, Wilkie went to study at the Royal Academy in 1805, again finding great success. Wilkie was elected an associate of the Royal Academy in 1809, and by 1811 he became a full Academician.He primarily did portraiture work, often for royalty, which was very stressful for Wilkie and took a toll on his health. He traveled through Europe and the Middle East, which broadened his influence and interests, although he remained primarily commissioned to do portraits.

Interestingly, several subjects were not terribly pleased with the outcome of his work, finding it not particularly flattering, while he served as the Royal Limner for Scotland. While traveling, Wilkie picked up a terrible illness in Malta, and passed away while heading to Britain on June 1, 1841. He was buried at sea near the Bay of Gibraltar.

 

A Common Sense Manifesto (With a Nod to Thomas Paine, Not Karl Marx)

by Max J. Skidmore

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political situation in America, and how it came to be. It chronicles the disturbing deterioration of the Republican Party into an extreme and corrupt mechanism ready to receive and incorporate a destructive force that it welcomed wholeheartedly when it appeared in the bombastic, and completely self-centered, form of Donald Trump. Calling for a “blue tsunami,” the Manifesto outlines the way forward, out of the insanity. It notes political realities and thus accepts the need to work within the two-party system. It argues for a rational and comprehensive “Modern Political Economy” that recognizes environmental imperatives, corrects severe income and political inequality, expands Social Security, implements universal health care, protects the rights and dignity of all the people, improves America’s sagging infrastructure and transportation up to world-class and responsible standards, and ensures full participation in the national bounty in ways that protect the world and all its current and future inhabitants.

 

US Ballistic Missile Defense and Deterrence Postures: The New Cold War Era Perspective on the Wartime Use of Active Missile Defenses

by Grzegorz Nycz

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This book discusses most recent developments in the area of US ballistic missile defense with an eye on its battlefield capacities since the Kuwait war, analyzed from the perspective of deterrence postures encompassing the key post-Cold War security challenges (Middle East, Far East, Eastern Europe). The analyzed cases of missile defense engagements included (after the Desert Storm), Operation Iraqi Freedom, Israeli operations against Hamas and Yemen war. The theoretical base of the book relied on the waves of deterrence theory since the early years of the nuclear age through the deployment of thermonuclear warheads, nuclear plenty and the late Cold War revisions of deterrence paradigms.

The main body of the book is exploring the historical and probabilistic evidence on missile defense accuracy in various scenarios of its employment and differing layered short, medium and long range systems of the US counter-ballistic technologies. Historically, the missile defense investments since the early thermonuclear range were challenging the Mutual Assured Destruction paradigm. Notably, after partial marginalization of US long range missile defense concepts of the 1960s, seen as incompatible with 1972 Anti-ballistic missile treaty between the US and USSR, missile defense constructions were reinvigorated through Reagan’s 1983 Strategic Defense Initiative, while post-1976 Patriot tactical air and missile defense were gradually winning arms contracts, as in the post Cold War age the value of extended deterrence grew. New post-Cold War missile defense investments included the Middle Eastern US allies, as well as Japan and South Korea threatened by DPRK nuclear and ballistic experiments. Importantly, the value of extended missile defense engagements became broader visible in the era of New Cold War between Russia and the West, when new Aegis Ashore bases in Romania and Poland proved the theater range missile defense capacity of new NATO members.

Grzegorz Nycz, Ph.D. is adjunct professor at the Pedagogical University of Cracow’s Institute of Political Science. He graduated from Jagiellonian University and Cracow University of Economics. Ryoichi Sasakawa Young Leaders Fellowship Fund Fellow 2007/2008. His research refers to U.S. security and foreign policy, with a special focus on nuclear deterrence and ballistic missile defense postures. His recent publications include monographs on strategic balance and U.S. national security policy and texts in periodicals related to ballistic missile defense investments, as well as U.S. military-political engagements in Eastern Europe, Middle East and East Asia in the time of the “New Cold War” between Russia and the West.

 

The cover is teal and features light colored outlines of a hand and a long braid. The title, All Flowers Bloom, is in black and the author's name is in red below in a strong font.

All Flowers Bloom

by Kawika Guillermo

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In a cruise ship stateroom, a soul awakens in the afterlife, still dressed in the Roman servant garbs of his previous life.

He can’t remember much, but a silent woman stands out in his memory: his first and only love.

Unable to cope with an eternity without her, he leaps from the ship and back into the depths of the life stream.

Five hundred years later, he awakens again in the same stateroom, alone and fueled with new memories of her.

In his past lives she was a male insurgent, an elderly wise woman, an unruly servant.

For a millennia the pair are tethered together, clashing in love and fear, betraying each other in times of war and famine.

Before memory drives him mad, he vows to rescue her from the stream — even if it takes a thousand lifetimes more.

Published March 20, 2020


“A defiant and tender call for the power of love, across a thousand lifetimes and lands. Guillermo’s imagination is breath-taking, and he shows the power of the written word as at once the most high-fidelity and stylized of mediums.”
—Ken Liu, author of The Paper Menagerie and Other Stories and The Grace of Kings

“Kawika Guillermo has achieved an ambitious feat: to chronicle a memory—and its vast empire of battles and love, constant guises and surprises—that spans over four thousand years through a narrator who, like the beloved, is blessed, or cursed, with hundreds of lives, each rebirth announcing a different milieu, a different role. At its core, All Flowers Bloom is a lover’s discourse on desire, its multiple masks and power to make lovers and strangers, and traitors and rescuers out of us.”
—R. Zamora Linmark, author of Rolling the R’s and Leche

All Flowers Bloom is a beguiling book, with an inventive narrative unlike anything I have encountered before. This is an emotional journey through lifetimes and loves and losses. Kawika Guillermo delivers wonderment and surprise, a complex universe, and an unforgettable cast of characters.”
—Doretta Lau, author of How Does a Single Blade of Grass Thank the Sun?

 

Anti-Poverty Measures in America: Scientism and Other Obstacles

Editors, Max J. Skidmore and Biko Koenig

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Anti-Poverty Measures in America brings together a remarkable collection of essays in two groups. The first group consists of papers dealing with the inhibiting effects of scientism—an over-dependence on scientific methodology that is prevalent in the social sciences, particularly in political science. Employing the methods of science is vital where appropriate, but other approaches often will lead to useful insights as well, some of which may be essential. Ignoring them has deleterious effects, such as discouraging the obligation to “speak truth to power.” The second group presents papers dealing with other obstacles to anti-poverty legislation in the United States.

Papers in both groups originated as presentations during annual meetings of the American Political Science Association at panels of the APSA’s Caucus on Poverty, Inequality, and Public Policy; the first group from the San Francisco meeting in 2017, and the second from the 2018 meeting in Boston. All were subsequently published in the journal related to the Caucus: Poverty and Public Policy, sponsored by the Policy Studies Organization. Recognizing their value, the PSO is pleased to present these essays to the public in this volume.

The Editors:
Max J. Skidmore is University of Missouri Curators’ Distinguished Professor of Political Science at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. He has been Distinguished Fulbright Lecturer to India (where he was CEO of the American Studies Research Centre), and Senior Fulbright Scholar at the University of Hong Kong (where he was elected to chair the Board of American Studies). His publications include scores of articles and book chapters, and more than two dozen books. His major emphases are American government and political history, presidents and the presidency, social legislation (especially Social Security), and ideologies and American political thought. His Ph.D. is from the University of Minnesota.

Biko Koenig is Assistant Professor of Government & Public Policy at Franklin & Marshall College in Lancaster, PA. Trained in ethnographic, interview based, and survey research methods, his research approach is grounded in qualitative, fieldwork based, and interpretive approaches to problem solving. His ongoing research involves labor-community coalitions that focus on low income workers and public policy.

 

Caribbean Perspectives on Criminology and Criminal Justice: Volume 1

Editor: Wendell C. Wallace, PhD

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If your desire is to attain a greater understanding of theoretical frameworks, methodologies, and pragmatic discussions on criminology and criminal justice in the Caribbean, then this is the book for you. This book is a direct response to the call for a Caribbean Criminology as espoused by Ken Pryce (1976) who pointed to the “need to examine the reality of crime from a critical standpoint in the context of the Region’s history of capitalist repression and exploitation, and in terms of the Caribbean’s structural heritage of black working-class styles of protest and modes of response to oppression through slavery down to the present stage of neo-colonialism” (p. 5).

Caribbean Perspectives on Criminology and Criminal Justice is intended for academics, criminal justice professionals, students, practitioners, policymakers, and interested persons who are desirous of improving their understanding of the challenges that arise when issues related to criminology and criminal justice cross national boundaries in the Caribbean. Conceptualized and edited by the innovative, creative, and forward-thinking scholar and criminologist, Dr. Wendell C. Wallace, Caribbean Perspectives on Criminology and Criminal Justice is a MUST read for any serious practitioner with an interest in criminological and criminal justice issues that impact the Caribbean.

 

How Did I Get Here?: A Story of Interspecies Intimacies (In Nepalese Elephant Stables)

by Kim Idol

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Kim Idol is a writer/instructor at University of Nevada, Las Vegas, partial to dogs, guns, rock-climbing and backpack traveling. She has been in love with Nepal since she first visited 8 years ago. She knew she loved the outdoors and that she would love the Himalayas, but she was unexpectedly charmed by the wildlife and the people she met on her first trip and upon returning home immediately began saving and planning in order to return. Eight years later after a tough year at home, a random mouse-click on the word elephant led her to the site that described working at the elephant stables in Chitwan. So she packed up and left home journaling her experiences in Chitwan as she went.

Nepal is the mountain, the jungle and the foothills. The country is blessed and cursed with being a popular tourist destination and while its people take advantage of the luck they are also engaged in a vigorous fight to preserve their culture and protect the park and the mountains that are home to some of the last surviving members of several endangered species including the one horned rhinoceros, the Asian elephant, the sloth bear and many bird and crocodile species. This book is about the outdoors, about a culture straddling the past and the present and about a woman finding a little peace as she treks through the result. The trip changed this traveler and she suspects she might be seeing Chitwan again.

 

Kingsglaive’s Exploration of World War II, Cultural Trauma, and the Plight of Refugees: An Animated Film as Complex Narrative

by Amy M. Green

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Kingsglaive’s Exploration of World War II, Cultural Trauma, and the Plight of Refugees: An Animated Film as Complex Narrative posits that the 2016 film, tied narratively to the video game Final Fantasy XV, merits far more critical attention that it has received. Given that Kingsglaive is both CGI animated and erroneously seen as only a video game tie-in, it has tended to be consistently dismissed by critics. A closer examination of the film reveals a deeply complex narrative, one that contends with the lingering cultural trauma of WWII in Japan, as especially evidenced by images of fire and burning. The film also contends with the plight of refugees and immigrants, both in Japan and around the globe, as recent years have seen a drastic spike in anti-immigrant sentiment. Finally, through the film’s hero and protagonist, Nyx Ulric, Kingsglaive presents a man who is himself suffering from trauma, standing in the present, yet unable to fully imagine a future for himself.

About the author: Amy M. Green received her Ph.D. in literature from UNLV in 2009. She specialized in Shakespeare and 19th century American literature. Today, her work has evolved and she focuses her research on the exciting and evolving field of digital narrative study. She is especially interested in the expanding presence of video games as a compelling source of narrative, one that is necessarily participatory by nature. Further still, video games have long merited the right to be considered as important cultural artifacts and her study and analysis of their stories focuses especially on their historical, political, and social relevance. She also maintains her love of the written word and loves to explore how storytelling, in all of its forms, reveals important aspects of our shared humanity. Most of all, she loves her time in the classroom, sharing ideas and thoughts with students from all backgrounds. Her classes feature the close and careful study of storytelling in both written and digital forms. She is the author of three books, Storytelling in Video Games: The Art of the Digital Narrative, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Trauma, and History in Metal Gear Solid V, and A Cure for Toxic Masculinity: Male Bonding and Friendship in Final Fantasy XV as well as numerous articles.

 

Bunker Diplomacy: An Arab-American in the U.S. Foreign Service

by Nabeel Khoury

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Nabeel Khoury has written a remarkably cogent memoir.  He not only details life in the Foreign Service in a highly entertaining and engaging style, but also provides provocative and telling insights into many of the crises in the Middle East…From Egypt, to ‘The Magic Kingdom’ to Iraq, Morocco and Yemen — Dr. Khoury undertook his duties with a flair that was both bold and unique. I only wish that American policy makers would read his chapters on Morocco and Yemen in particular, and benefit from his general policy recommendations – It might induce some humility and second thoughts on some important “lessons learned.”
Mark G. Hambley
Former Ambassador to Qatar and Lebanon 
This is a gripping narrative that fuses two stories in one.  The first is the academic and political journey of a fascinating man standing between two worlds — Beirut and Washington, Arabness and Westerness, the State Department and the Middle East…The second narrative is a story of America itself as a great power casting a long shadow over the Arab world. The bureaucratic battles described as occurring inside different presidential administrations over four decades reveal a foreign policy often caught between conflicting personalities and demands. Major events like the Gulf War, Iraq War, and Arab Spring are trenchantly retold from the perspective of policymakers, diplomats, and intelligence officers. That these two stories come from the same book is reason enough to read it, but that they come from the career of the same individual will make readers never forget it.
Moulay Hicham el-Alaoui
President Hicham Alaoui Foundation
Nabeel Khoury – an accomplished Arab-American diplomat – offers readers a searing personal journey through America’s trials and tribulations in the Middle East.
William J. Burns, President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Former Deputy Secretary of State

After twenty-five years in the Foreign Service, Dr. Nabeel A. Khoury retired from the U.S. Department of State in 2013 with the rank of Minister Counselor. He taught Middle East and US strategy courses at the National Defense University and Northwestern University. In his last overseas posting, Khoury served as deputy chief of mission at the U.S. embassy in Yemen (2004-2007). In 2003, during the Iraq war, he served as Department spokesperson at US Central Command in Doha and in Baghdad.

Follow Nabeel on Twitter @khoury_nabeel

 

 

 

Transylvania in 1922: Report of the Commission Sent by the American and British Unitarian Churches to Transylvania in 1922

by Louis C. Cornish

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In 1922, a joint commission of US and UK Unitarian Churches traveled to Transylvania after concerns over religions persecution arose in a prior visit in 1920. The Commission was gladdened to see an increase in liberty, but upset to discover that the Romanian government was not wholly supportive of not just Unitarians, but other religious organizations, such as the Roman Catholics, Presbyterians, and Lutherans. Namely, they were upset that endowments and land for these religious institutions was being taken back.

In this work, Louis C. Cornish has compiled an interesting look at Transylvania during this time period. He concludes with a plea to support a Unitarian Mission House in Budapest, which, at the time, had over six thousand Unitarians, and a single church with a seating capacity of 250 to support them.

 

 

Tales of the Mermaid Tavern

by Alfred Noyes

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The Mermaid Tavern was a real place in London. Among other frequenters, a group called the “Fraternity of Sireniacal Gentlemen”, met monthly. They were famed literary figures of the Elizabethan period, Nov 17, 1558 – Mar 24, 1603. In this work, Noyes writes chapters celebrating these figures, including Shakespeare.

Alfred Noyes (1880-1958) was a prolific writer who was able to move successfully across several genres. Though he began in poetry, he also wrote screenplays, science fiction novels, ballads and short stories. He did a great deal of traveling and lecturing, spending time in his birth country of England as well as the United States, Canada, various points in South America, and eventually returning to the Isle of Wight where he spent his final years. He wrote numerous works, including The Loom of Y ears (1902), a biography, William Morris (1908), Some Aspects of Modern Poetry (1924), The Last Man (1940) and his autobiography, Two Worlds for Memory (1953).

 

 

A History of Japanese Mathematics

by David Eugene Smith and Yoshio Mikami

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Yoshio Mikami was an authority on wasan, native Japanese mathematics, and published multiple works on the topic in different languages. A colleague of David Eugene Smith suggested he work with Mikami to produce this volume. As Smith states in the introduction,

“The aim in writing this work has been to give a brief survey of the leading features in the development of the wasan…It is the hope of the authors that this brief survey may serve to show to the West the nature of the mathematics that was indigenous to Japan, and to strengthen the bonds that unite the scholars of the world through an increase in knowledge of and respect for the scientific attainments of a people…”

 

 

 

Contemporaries of Shakespeare

by Algernon Charles Swinburne

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Algernon Charles Swinburne was born on April 5, 1837 in London. Having been born into a wealthy family, he enjoyed extensive education, learned multiple languages, such as French and Italian, and knew them well enough to win awards for writing poetry in those languages. Swinburne did attend college, but did not graduate. Rather, he went on to become a member of intellectual circles that were open to him due to his background, such as the Literary and Philosophical Society in Newcastle upon Tyne, and Lady Pauline Trevelyan’s intellectual circle at Wallington Hall. Swinburne was talented and wrote many critically acclaimed pieces of prose and criticism. He touched on many subjects that were not often written about publicly, such as BSDM and lesbianism.

Swinburne unfortunately battled with ill health throughout his life. His love of drink and algolagnia did not help. He spent time in the French Riviera to reduce his dependency on alcohol. Swinburne created a larger than life persona arguably, and many stories about his exploits circled society. However, Oscar Wilde put a damper on such, stating Swinburne was “a braggart in matters of vice, who had done everything he could to convince his fellow citizens of his homosexuality and bestiality without being in the slightest degree a homosexual or a bestialiser.” By age 42, he ended up in the care of friends, who helped him regain his health. He lived until the age of 72, passing away on April 10, 1909. He wrote enough to fill numerous collections. Archival material on his life can be found at the Leeds University Library.

 

 

 

The Durable Satisfactions of Life

by Charles William Eliot

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Born into a wealthy Boston family, Eliot was fortunate enough to concentrate on his studies and have the ability to attend Boston Latin School, and then later graduate from Harvard University in 1853. However, after the Panic of 1857, Eliot’s family lost much of its wealth. Eliot decided to visit various schools across Europe and study educational systems after being passed over for a professorship.After close to two years abroad, Eliot returned home and enjoyed an appointment at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Eliot remained interested in improving the educational system in the US, which was not seen as offering particularly useful knowledge to an industrializing country. His sentiments were shared by much of the public, and he wrote a well-received article in The Atlantic Monthly about his visions for a reformed educational system. In 1969, after the publication of the article, Eliot would be selected as the president of Harvard.

Eliot, despite trying to remove football from the school, was a popular president, enough so to have served 40 years. He modernized the curriculum, introduced standardized exams, expanded the facilities, and changed the way educational institutions funded themselves. The Durable Satisfactions of Life is a collection of essays and addresses given by Eliot which often reflect on his ethical and religious views of life.

This new edition is dedicated to Arthur Shurcliff.

 

 

 

Early Quaker Education in Pennsylvania

by Thomas Woody PhD

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Born on September 3, 1891, in Thorntown, Indiana, to a Quaker family. Woody would remain in Indiana for his B.A., which he obtained from Indiana University. Later he could go on to earn his PhD in 1918 from Columbia University. Woody wrote a great deal about Quakers, formally known as the Religious Society of Friends, but later focused strongly on education. In addition to “Early Quaker Education in Pennsylvania,” 1920, he also wrote “Quaker Education in the Colony and State of New Jersey” published in 1923. In 1929, he was an awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship to study political education on Russian citizens. Woody was interested in and researched learning processes across a variety of people and places. One of his most famous works is A History of Women’s Education in the United States, published in 1929.

This new edition is dedicated to the Friends Meeting in Washington D.C. and its library.

 

 

 

A New Art of Brewing Beer, Ale, and Other Sorts of Liquors: So as to Render Them More Healthfull to the Body and Agreeable to Nature

by Thomas Tryon

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The young Horatio Alger heroes often sold newspapers or delivered telegrams, a reminder of how technology has moved on. Alger’s tales created youthful heroes whose persistence and pluck triumphed over enormous odds, often having to educate themselves by a flickering candle and late at night. But they hoped for better things and in the Alger novels their diligence and hard work won the day and they ended up getting the educations they deserved and the success that their exemplary morality earned. The reader will find this prototypical Alger story both a good read and food for thought in an era when the technology has indeed moved on but the challenges have remained.

The introduction is provided by Dr. Wallace Boston, President of the American Public University System and a Horatio Alger enthusiast.