Growing Inequality: Bridging Complex Systems, Population Health, and Health Disparities

Editors: George A. Kaplan, Ana V. Diez Roux, Carl P. Simon, and Sandro Galea

No single factor—but a system of intertwined causes — explains why America’s health is poorer than the health of other wealthy countries and why health inequities persist despite our efforts. Teasing apart the relationships between these many causes to find solutions has proven extraordinarily difficult. But now, in this book, researchers report on groundbreaking insights using computer-based systems science tools to simulate how these determinants come together to produce levels of population health and disparities and test new solutions.

The culmination of over five years of work by experts from a more than a dozen disciplines, this book represents a bold step forward in identifying why some populations are healthy and others are not. Applying the techniques of systems science, it shows how these tools can be used to increase our understanding of the individual, group, and institutional factors that generate a wide range of health and social problems. Most importantly, it demonstrates the utility and power of these techniques to both wisely guide our understanding and help policy makers know what works.


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“This book begins the process of unraveling some of the most ‘wicked’ problems in public health.”                 — Tony Iton, MD, JD, MPH—The California Endowment

… an intellectually courageous undertaking. It faces up to the reality of complexity in the social determinants of health. Its achievements and its documentation of difficulties will serve as a valuable foundation for the next generation of scientists and scholars who aim to understand the determinants of health and of health disparities.” 
Harvey V. Fineberg, MD, PhD, President, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and Former President, the Institute of Medicine

…goes beyond the search for a simplistic answer to health disparities and instead embraces the complexity. This is exactly what is needed if we are to improve population health and eliminate disparities.” 
Thomas A. LaVeist, PhD, Chairman, Department of Health Policy & Management, Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University
 
It is increasingly likely that in the non-distant future that population health policy will be fully informed by a coherent computational decision-support system that integrates data, analytics, systems modeling, forecasting, and cost-effectiveness. This book marks a serious movement toward that future.” 
Donald S. Burke, MD, Associate Vice Chancellor for Global Health, Dean, Graduate School of Public Health UPMC, Jonas Salk Professor of Global Health, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh

International or Local Ownership?: Security Sector Development in Post-Independent Kosovo

by Dr. Florian Qehaja

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International or Local Ownership? contributes to the debate on the concept of local ownership in post-conflict settings, and discussions on international relations, peacebuilding, security and development studies. It utilizes extensive data collection, including public opinion surveys conducted throughout the country, in order to introduce the concept of local ownership from a policy level towards academia. Empirical data on the relationship between international community and locals in the process of design, management and control of the security sector in the post-independent Kosovo represents one of the most intriguing examples of extensive international community involvement in a state-building project.

Qehaja explains why an excessive role from the international community, which offers no clear exit strategy, has led to the rejection of externally driven policies by local constituencies, finding no applicability in the context of Kosovo. It also shows how international involvement has led to a detachment of security policy from local reality, causing fragmentation and limited sustainability.

Florian Qehaja is currently the Director of Kosovar Centre for Security Studies (KCSS), one of the most prominent think tanks in the Western Balkans. He has over twelve years of experience in cooperating with leading international governmental and non-governmental organisations in Kosovo and the Western Balkans. Mr. Qehaja is author of several scientific and policy publications in the security field, and the recipient of prestigious Fulbright and OSI/Chevening scholarships.

 

 

Ukraine vs. Russia: Revolution, Democracy and War: Selected Articles and Blogs, 2010-2016

by Alexander J. Motyl

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Ukraine vs. Russia offers indispensable background knowledge and analysis on one of the most important issues of the day—Vladimir Putin’s war against democratic Ukraine. Alexander J. Motyl’s articles and blogs offer in-depth analysis as well as a running commentary on current events and historical controversies in both Russia and Ukraine—from the rise of Ukrainian dictator Viktor Yanukovych to the impending fall of Russian dictator Putin. Motyl discusses politics, society, culture, economics, history, language, and memory and shows how they relate to the Russo-Ukrainian War and to Western understanding—and misunderstanding—of Ukraine and Russia.

As Washington considers a policy shift toward Russia and Ukraine, Western policy¬makers and analysts would be well-advised to consult this important volume.

Alexander J. Motyl is professor of political science at Rutgers University-Newark. A specialist on Ukraine, Russia, and the USSR, and on nationalism, revolutions, empires, and theory, he is the author of Imperial Ends: The Decay, Collapse, and Revival of Empires; Revolutions, Nations, Empires: Conceptual Limits and Theoretical Possibilities; Dilemmas of Independence: Ukraine after Totalitarianism; Sovietology, Rationality, Nationality: Coming to Grips with Nationalism in the USSR; Will the Non Russians Rebel? State, Ethnicity, and Stability in the USSR; The Turn to the Right: The Ideological Origins and Development of Ukrainian Nationalism, 1919 1929, the editor of The Encyclopedia of Nationalism, and the co-editor of The Holodomor Reader: A Sourcebook on the Famine of 1932-1933 in Ukraine and The Great West Ukrainian Prison Massacre of 1941: A Sourcebook.

 

Lankes, His Woodcut Bookplates

by Wilbur Macey Stone, Illustrated by J. J. Lankes

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Julius John Lankes was born in Buffalo, New York in 1884, and became a prolific woodcut print artist, as well as an author and professor. As a child, he enjoyed working with the scraps of wood his father brought home from the lumber mill where he was employed. Lankes had a lifelong interest in art. He first worked in drafting after graduating from Buffalo Commercial and Electro-Mechanical Institute, but then attended art school.
lankes
Lankes was a prolific artist. It is estimated he produced over 1,000 woodcut prints. He worked on many, varied projects, including from a historically important collection of Pennsylvania Dutch barns, graphics in The Liberator, and illustrations to accompany works by Beatrix Potter, Robert Frost and others. In addition to A Woodcut Manual, Lankes enjoyed a long teaching career that ultimately led him to being elected to the National Academy of Design.

This new edition is dedicated to Charles Kreiner, an enthusiast for all things Buffalonian.

 

 

Policy Perspectives from Promising New Scholars in Complexity

Edited by Dr. Liz Johnson and Dr. Joseph Cochran

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The world is getting more complex causing policy problems to seemingly get bigger and become more intractable. Traditional approaches and conventional methodologies alone are no longer adequate to solve policy problems in our interconnected global environment. Promising new scholars in the field of policy and complexity are breaking boundaries and laying the groundwork for innovative perspectives on hopolicyw to better define policy problems, impacts, attitudes, and solutions. Whether in the field of economics, education, energy, health, human security, or transportation, the selected essays and research in this book demonstrate how essential new thinking and approaches are needed.

These scholars have demonstrated vision, imagination, diligence, passion, and courage for solving problems. Don’t miss HOW some of the top promising new scholars address problems and add to creating viable solutions to some of the biggest policy issues of our day.

 

 

Engaging Communities for High-Impact Threats to Critical Infrastructure: Dupont Summit 2015 Conference Proceedings of the InfraGard National EMP SIG Sessions

Edited by Chuck L. Manto and Stephanie A. Lokmer

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Engaging Communities for High Impact Threats to Critical Infrastructure provides transcripts of the 2015 InfraGard National EMP SIG™ (EMP SIG)™ sessions at the Dupont Summit and additional materials from the subsequent months. This includes reports from the federal government on the new National Space Weather Strategy, DoD’s pronouncement of inadequately protected power grids needed by military bases resulting in the need for EMP-protected microgrids, and the EMP SIG sessions at the Space Weather Workshop of NOAA on April 27, 2016.
 
InfraGard EMP SIG Publications 
Beginning December 2015, the EMP SIG developed a planning guide named Powering Through for organizations to use to enhance their own continuity of operations and disaster plans in light of the new National Space Weather Strategy and manmade EMP and cyber threats. Work is planned for 2016 for an expanded second edition. Copies can be ordered at:
https://www.empcenter.org/publications/planning-guide/

This complements the Triple Threat Power Grid Exercise also published by Westphalia Press and Amazon in the prior year.

Information on these planning materials and upcoming activities can also be acquired by contacting the EMP SIG at igempsig@infragardmembers.org. To join InfraGard and the EMP SIG, begin the application procedure on the home page of InfraGard.org.

 
About the InfraGard National EMP SIG 
The InfraGard National EMP SIG™ was formed in July 2011 for the purpose of sharing information about catastrophic threats to our nation’s critical infrastructure. The ultimate goal of the EMP SIG is to assist local communities to enhance their own resilience with a special emphasis on developing protected local infrastructure ranging from local power generation and energy storage to water and food production.

On October 3-6, 2011, the EMP SIG cohosted workshops and exercises at the National Defense University at Ft. McNair in Washington, D.C. and the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, MD examining scenarios of national level power grid failures due to extreme space weather. Since then, the EMP SIG led sessions at the Policy Studies Organization’s annual Dupont Summit on the first Friday of December. Infrastructure professionals may join InfraGard at InfraGard.org.

 

From the Farm to the Presidential Chair: The Life and Public Services of James A. Garfield

by James D. McCabe

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James A. Garfield (1831-1881) was the 20th President of the United States. His term was cut short when he was assassinated in 1881, the same year he took office. Many biographies highlight the difficult circumstances Garfield overcame to become the President. He was born in Ohio on a farm and grew up helping his widowed mother. He worked many jobs to support his family, and was able to attend Williams College, graduating in 1856. He became a member of the Ohio State Senate, running as a Republican. During the Civil War he served as a major general. He then enjoyed a successful Congressional career in Washington. He rose through the ranks to become the Republican Presidential nominee during the 1880 presidential election. It was close, with Garfield beating his Democratic opponent, Winfield Scott Hancock, with a narrow margin. During his brief term, he worked to end corruption in the Post Office, and pushed civil service reform in many ways, namely the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, which eventually passed through by his successor, President Chester A. Arthur.

Westphalia Press occupies the mansion in Washington of Harry Garfield, longtime president of Williams, and repository of much Garfield memorabilia.