by Charlotte M. Yonge
Hannah More was born in 1745 in the village of Fishponds, located near Bristol. Her father was a teacher, which helped to ensure that Hannah and her siblings were educated. She was once engaged, but the nuptials did not take place. Instead, More enjoyed an annual payment from the broken engagement from her would-be husband, William Turner. More used the money to allow her to live her dreams–to be a writer. She wrote a great deal, especially poetry in her younger days. In 1787 she became more involved in the abolition movement. A year later, her poem, “Slavery, A Poem” became a powerful call to action against slavery by bringing attention to Britain’s role and the blight on Christianity from the ungodly practice.
She continued to fight against slavery, but also turned her attentions towards building schools for impoverished children. More also became more involved in her religious community, and her writing took on more evangelical, including writing several religious tracts. She worked in conjunction with Sunday schools to create programs to combat illiteracy. She passed away in 1833, after seeing Britain finally abolish slavery.
by New York Hobby Club
In 1908, the Hobby Club was established as a gentlemen’s club. Planned to be a space for people to showcase their special interests, the “object of the Club shall be to encourage the collection of literary, artistic and scientific works; to aid in the development of literary, artistic and scientific matters; to promote social and literary intercourse among its members, and the discussion and consideration of various literary and economic subjects.”
Only a maximum of fifty men were allowed to be members, and in order to gain admission to the club, one had to prove they had an interesting, well defined hobby. Members gathered around extravagant dinners while each regaled one another with collections, tales and other displays of their findings.
This work offers some insight on the club, especially membership, topics of talks, and details on the dinners they shared.
by General Grand Chapter
Social history as a corrective to a historiography is often too limited to diplomacy and wars. It began an upward trajectory as early as the 1930s, but it remains constrained by the frustrating cost and availability of materials that even great research libraries lack. This volume is a case in point.
Fraternal movements like Freemasonry have impacted society for hundreds of years. Yet, over time research into their undoubted influence has been handicapped by their codes of secrecy, arcane rituals, and the paucity of continuing tertiary research projects. As a step towards “more light” Westphalia Press has produced a number of scarce titles that will be helpful in understanding the “secret empire” of lodges, initiations, and (candidly) the deliberately inscrutable.
Although the Order of the Eastern Star at one time claimed ties to orders in the seventeenth and eighteenth century Swedish royal court, the consensus is that it was largely created as a companion secret society to Freemasonry in thenineteenth century. Both men who are Masons and women with a family connection to Masons are members, and chapters are found as far afield as Scotland and Australia.
by William Beck and Thomas Frederick Ball
The London Friends’ Meetings is a significant expansion on a lecture given by William Beck in 1856, “The London Friends’ Meeting-houses and Their Associations.” Co-author, Thomas Frederick Ball spent a great time doing research in minute-books and other holdings of the Friends in London. The records offer a look at the very long history of the Friends, offering primary sources prior to 1740, and up to 1869.
In this work, Beck and Ball offer both depth and breadth, and offers a look at London’s history, and how it impacted the development of the Friends. The research into the holdings of various groups gives an overview of religious and interpersonal relationships as they developed within different Friends congregations.
by Charles Francis Adams
Charles Francis Adams enjoyed a variety of roles during his life. He was born on May 27, 1835 in Boston into a life of prominence, being the grandson of John Quincy Adams. In 1856, Adams graduated from Harvard University. A few years later he served in the Union Army during the Civil War in 1861. He was considered to have served the Union Army well as a lieutenant colonel. After he resigned from the Army in 1865, he began working with the Massachusetts Railroad Commission. He eventually found his way as the president of the Union Pacific Railroad in 1884. Adams pursued policies that supported business rights over those of consumers, feeling that the general public was sometimes hostile or unstable. However, these sentiments backfired while he was the president of Union Pacific, since businesses refused to collaborate and forward Adams’ policies. Adams refused to work with labor unions, like the Knights of Labor, which resulted in a horrific massacre of Chinese workers that Adams brought in. By 1890, owner Jay Gould had Adams forced out of his role.A few years later, Adams began working for the Massachusetts Park Commission, where he primarily assisted with planning park developments across the state. He also focused on historical writing, and became president of the Massachusetts Historical Society in 1895. This particular work is autobiographical, but was published posthumously. Adams passed away on May 20, 1915 and is buried in Quincy, Massachusetts.
by John Russell Hayes
John Russell Hayes (1866-1945) was a Quaker educator, poet, and worked as a librarian for Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania. He was born in 1866, to William and Rachel Hayes, a family of Quaker farmers. Hayes spent much of his time on his family’s farm, which was located near the Brandywine River. He attended Swarthmore College, graduating in 1888. A few years later, he married his wife, Emma Gawthrop, in 1892, who also had attended and graduated from Swarthmore the same year. Afterwards, he went on to attend the Law School of the University of Pennsylvania, then Harvard, Oxford, and the University of Strassburg, in Germany.However, Hayes’ loves were literature and his hometown, so he returned to Swarthmore College to teach literature, but then went on to become the college Librarian from 1906-1935. While working at Swarthmore College, Hayes wrote numerous books, often about Quakerism, or of poetry. He and his wife had three daughters, who all also went on to graduate from Swarthmore College. Hayes died Dec. 29, 1945. His papers are held at the Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College. The collection contains letters received by Hayes, various diaries, and other papers owned by Haynes.This edition is dedicated to Friends Meeting of Washington DC, which, since 1807, has been such a force for good in the capital.
by Jesse Macy
Jesse Macy was born into a large Quaker family in Indiana on June 21, 1842. His family relocated to Lynnville, Iowa, in order to farm. Macy was educated, starting his college career at the age of 17 at nearby Iowa College (which would later become Grinnell College). When the Civil War broke out, he served in the Union Army. Afterwards, he returned to earn his degree in 1870. He enjoyed school and went on to pursue a PhD at Johns Hopkins University. After graduation, he returned to teach at Iowa College, where he remained for over forty years. His focus was political science, and he spent much of his time encouraging education, which was controversial since studying evolution was still considered a “dangerous doctrine.”
In addition to teaching and serving as a public intellectual, Macy wrote numerous books, typically relating to government, such as Our Government: How it Grew, What It Does, and How It Does It (1896), and Party Organization and Machinery (1904). His last published work was The Anti-Slavery Crusade (1919), published the same year he passed away.
This new edition is dedicated to the members of the Friends Meeting of Washington.