Pomona’s Travels: A Series of Letters to the Mistress of Rudder Grange from Her Former Handmaiden

by Frank R. Stockton (Author), A. B. Frost (Illustrator)

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Francis Richard Stockton was born April 5, 1834, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. He was an esteemed writer, using the name, also called Frank Richard Stockton, until he died on April 20, 1902 in Washington, D.C. Born on April 5, 1834 into a Methodist family in Philadelphia, Stockton was deeply interested in writing. However, his father, a Methodist minister, essentially forbade Stockton from writing. It wasn’t until his father’s death when Stockton moved to make writing his career. Stockton had dabbled in writing while living in New Jersey with his wife, Mary Ann Edwards Tuttle, while also working as a wood engraver. In 1867, Stockton returned to Philadelphia and began writing for his brother’s newspaper.Stockton focused on writing for children. He was a very popular author, in part because he used humor to illustrate how to be a good person and to highlight negative characteristics, like greed. Some of his most famous works include “The Lady, or the Tiger?”, The Adventures of Captain Horn, and The Great War Syndicate.

 

 

 

 

British Burma and Its People: Being Sketches of Native Manners, Customs and Religion

by Capt. C.J.F.S. Forbes

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In 1879, Nature: The International Journal of Science, offered this review of this work:

“This book is offered as the result of thirteen years’ experience derived from close intercourse, both officially and privately, with the people of Burma during that period. Such works are frequently contributed by the pro-consuls of the British empire, and afford, apart from their scientific value, good material to judge of the men and methods of our colonial government…It is, however, seldom that we see combined with the administrative capacities of our governors and commissioners a thorough knowledge of the ethnology, biology, and physical characteristics of the regions over which they preside. When such a man appears, and further possesses the quality of observation, his work marks an epoch, and English rule receives a new significance. It is in no adverse spirit that we say thus early that Capt. Forbes’ work will not rank in this category, and we desire rather to commend it for what it does possess than to criticize it for the information which it does not supply.”

Captain Forbes, without the aid of any diagrams or other visual aids, spends a great deal of explaining economic systems, history, religion and other things he encounters in deep detail. While the work offers a lot of interesting insight on the region during the late 1800s, it is still flawed with some prejudices and misunderstandings that were commonly believed at the time.

 

 

 

 

Policy Perspectives from Promising New Scholars in Complexity: Volume III

Dr. Liz Johnson and Dr. Joseph Cochran, Editors

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The world is getting more complex causing policy problems to seemingly get bigger and become more intractable. Traditional approaches and conventional methodologies alone are no longer adequate to solve policy problems in our interconnected global environment. Promising new scholars in the field of policy and complexity are breaking boundaries and laying the groundwork for innovative perspectives on how to better define policy problems, impacts, attitudes, and solutions. Whether in the field of economics, education, energy, health, human security, or transportation, the selected essays and research in this book demonstrate how essential new thinking and approaches are needed.

These scholars have demonstrated vision, imagination, diligence, passion, and courage for solving problems. Don’t miss how some of the top promising new scholars address problems and add to creating viable solutions to some of the biggest policy issues of our day.

Outlines of Gaelic Etymology

by Alexander Macbain

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Alexander Macbain was born July 22, 1855 in Scotland into poverty. His native language was Gaelic, but he attended local schools and learned English. He assisted with the Ordnance Survey in Scotland and Wales from 1871-74, but he enjoyed school and returned to earn an MA in Philosophy from King’s College. He was deeply devoted to all things history and language, and published a great deal on Gaelic language, and even served as the editor for Celtic Magazine, and then Highland Monthly. Some of his publications include: Celtic Burial, in Transactions of the Inverness Scientific Society and Field Club, Celtic Mythology and Religion and Personal Names and Surnames of Inverness.

This edition is dedicated to Robert Cooper, librarian and archivist extraordinary of the Grand Lodge of Freemasons of Scotland.

 

 

 

 

Chita: A Memory of Last Island

by Lafcadio Hearn

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On August 10, 1856, the Last Island hurricane ravaged the Louisiana coast, claimed at least 183 lives, and split an island in two, officially known as Isle Dernière, but commonly referred to as Last Island. A ship, The Star, was scheduled to pick up vacationers, but ended up being blown ashore, and the captain, Abe Smith, saved at least forty people from the blowing sand, water and winds. It was believed that there were approximately 400 people on the island during the storm, and half of them perished. After the storm subsided, not only were all built structures on the island destroyed, the island itself became a sandbar.

Lafcadio Hearn (1850-1904) was inspired by these events to create this historical novel. It follows a Spanish fisherman who comes to Last Island to look for useful items among the debris. Instead, he finds a young child survivor of the storm. The tale follows her life and the surprising turn of events. It offers an interesting portrayal of Louisiana at the time. Hearn wrote a great deal about Louisiana, as well as Japan. Some of Hearn’s other books include: La Cuisine Creole: A Collection of Culinary Recipes (1885), Gombo Zhebes (1885), and Glimpses of Unfamiliar Japan (1894).This edition is dedicated to Francisco Alacantra, hoping he will find Hearn interesting.

 

 

 

Shakespeare and the Makers of Virginia: Annual Shakespeare Lecture, 1919

by Adolphus William Ward

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Adolphus William Ward was born on December 2, 1837 in London to a family of means. His father, John Ward, was an English diplomat. After his schooling, he being a professor of history and literature at Owens College. He also helped to found Victoria University and Withington Girls’ School. Additionally, he was the president of Royal Historical Society from 1899-1901. In 1913, he was knighted.He wrote a great deal, but arguably his most famed work is History of English Dramatic Literature to the Age of Queen Anne (1875). He edited many works as well, including the Cambridge History of English Literature, alongside A. R. Waller.

 

 

 

An Address Delivered Before the Members of the Anti-Masonic State Convention: Assembled at Augusta, Maine, July 4, 1832

by Moses Thacher

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Moses Thacher was born on November 14, 795 in Princeton, Worcester County, Massachusetts. He was frustrated with the growing number of people involved with Freemasonry in his religious community. He felt the oats one swore as part of Masonic ritual were incompatible with religious doctrine. It became a serious issue for Thacher, so much so that he felt it destroyed the character of his Christian church. He was not alone, as numerous other people left their church to join one that prohibited Freemasonry. He penned a few anti-Masonic tracts, including, “Masonic oaths neither morally nor legally binding” and “Reasons assigned by the Church in North Wrentham for withdrawing from their masonic brethren and others and being formed into a distinct and seperate church.” On July 21, 1878, at the age of 82, Thacher passed away in Cambridge, Henry County, Illinois.

 

 

 

The Indiana Supreme Court, With Some Account of the Courts Preceding It: An Historical Sketch

by Timothy Edward Howard

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Timothy Edward Howard was born on January 27, 1837 in Northfield, Michigan. He went on to attend Notre Dame, but he put his undergraduate degree on hold to serve in the Civil War for the Union. After only a month in service, he was terribly wounded at the Battle of Shiloh. He recovered, and was able to finish his studies. He became a professor of many subjects, but then went on to become the state senator of Indiana from 1886-1892. Afterwards, he served as the chief justice on the Supreme Court of Indiana, stepping down from his second term as the senator. He maintained his love of history, serving as the president of the Northern Indiana Historical Society. He wrote a great deal on several topics, including US history, law, and poetry as well. He passed away on July 9, 1916 in South Bend, Indiana.

This new edition is dedicated to Christopher L. Hodapp, able writer and historian, always conscious of the specialness of Indiana and its past.

 

 

 

Psychic Tendencies of To-day: An Exposition and Critique of New Thought, Christian Science, Spiritualism, Psychical Research (Sir Oliver Lodge), and Modern Materialism in Relation to Immortality

by Alfred Wilhelm Martin

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Author Alfred Wilhelm Martin (1862-1932) was a Unitarian minister, and led the Ethical Culture Society, which was centered on the concepts of morality being independent of theology, and that industrialization and modernization presented new problems that religion was not fully equipped to handle, among other tenants. Martin wrote several books on comparative theology, including The Dawn of Christianity, Faith in a Future Life, A Philosophy of Life and Its Spiritual Values, and Seven Great Bibles.

Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge enjoyed a long life filled with many unique accomplishments. Born on June 12, 1851 he worked tirelessly until his passing on August 22, 1940. He is primarily known for his work as a renowned physicist, particularly for his work on electromagnetic radiation, radio and electricity. However, he was also deeply interested in spirituality and telepathy. Lodge over blended his two interests. Arguably, this was influenced by the death of his son, Raymond Lodge during World War I. He wrote a best selling book about his son’s death and his attempts to contact him in the afterlife, entitled Raymond or Life and Death. His belief in Spiritualism strongly influenced his research, causing some debate within academic communities over his scientific findings. Lodge wrote and researched so many subjects that his papers are scattered across numerous institutions. Those seeking further information on his psychical research can find his papers at The Society for Psychical Research in the United Kingdom.

 

 

The Mad Monk of Russia, Iliodor: Life, Memoirs, and Confessions of Sergei Michailovich Trufanoff

by Sergei Michailovich Trufanov

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Sergei Michailovich Trufanov, also known as Hieromonk Iliodor, was born on October 19, 1880 in a small village near the Don River. Despite crushing poverty, which claimed several of his siblings, Trufanov was able to attend several years of school and then entered the local seminary. He went on to attend and graduate the St. Petersburg Theological Academy in 1905. Shortly after, he gave several sermons that attacked a variety of people and organizations, including politicians, aristocrats, revolutionaries, Jews, nationalists, and more. Soon after he apparently blackmailed Rasputin. He later apologized for his slander of Jewish people, then renounced the Russian Orthodox Church, and ultimately was defrocked.

After being banned from several monasteries, he fled to what is currently Norway. He continued to plot against Rasputin, starred as himself in a silent film, The Fall of the Romanovs in 1917, and then returned to Russia in 1918. A few years later, he moved to New York City and lived a relatively quiet life with his family while working as a janitor until his death on January 28, 1952. This story focuses on his earlier life, a time when one critic deemed him, “extravagantly psychopathic.”

 

The Navy Boys on Lake Ontario: The Story of Two Boys and Their Adventures in the War of 1812

by James Otis

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The Navy Boys was a popular series which offered children adventure stories, often with a historical background. Author James Otis, was actually James Otis Kaler. He was born on March 19, 1848 in Winterport, Maine. He worked as a journalist, including covering the Civil War. He worked a variety of positions, including marketing for circuses. Ultimately, he became a well respected and prolific children’s author. It is believed he wrote over two hundred books, either under James Otis, or Walter Morris, Lt. James K. Orton, Harry Prentice, and Amy Prentice. His wife, Amy L. Scamman, wrote some of the works. In 1898, he moved back to Maine and served as a school superintendent. He died on December 11, 1912.

 

History of Saint John’s Lodge of Boston

by Saint John’s Lodge Freemasons

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Saint John’s is the oldest lodge in the United States and its social history when fully written will be a corrective to a historiography is often too limited to diplomacy and wars. Fraternal organizations like Saint John’s have impacted society for hundreds of years. Yet, over time research into their undoubted influence has been handicapped by inattention form scholars and the paucity of continuing tertiary research projects.As a step towards “more light” Westphalia Press has produced a number of scarce titles that will be helpful in understanding the “secret empire” of lodges, initiations, and (candidly) the deliberately inscrutable. This volume about a famous lodge with a grand history is a case in point.

 

 

 

History of the Grand Orient of Italy

Emanuela Locci, Editor

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The initiative to write this volume comes from the need to fill a bibliographic gap: no book in Masonic literature upon the history of Italian Freemasonry has been edited in English up to now. Thus, it aims to cover this lack and to enter those scholars referring to the English idiom into the history of the most eminent Obedience acting in Italy: the Grand Orient of Italy. The book consists of eight studies, written by young researchers devoted to this topic, and covers a span from the Eighteenth Century to the end of the WWII, tracing through an orderly temporal plot the story, the events and pursuits related to the Grand Orient of Italy.

 

 

 

War Scenes I Shall Never Forget

by Carita Spencer

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In this work, Carita Spencer offers some sketches of her experiences during World War I, along with photos, and even a menu. Spencer offered the work as an American going overseas to document the war, and to report her findings back to the United States. The scenes can be quite graphic, as war is.Spencer catalogued experiences predominantly by Belgian, French and English soldiers, nurses, doctors, Red Cross officials, and others. Unlike many war narratives, which focus solely on combat, Spencer’s narrative discusses the impact on the average citizen as well, noting how young girls were making lace to sell to benefit the soldier, the constant fear of “aero bombs”, and of a town where “nearly everyone…was ill with a touch of asphyxiating gas.” It is the hope of many of these shared recollections that the horrors of war be prevented. Spencer illustrates how deeply the pain, bloodshed and ruin permeate.

This new edition is dedicated to the faculty and students of the American Military University.

 

 

The Life of Mason Long, the Converted Gambler

by Mason Long

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Mason Long was born on September 10, 1842 in Luray, Ohio. He had a very difficult childhood, and then went on to serve in the Union Army during the Civil War. He spent three years in the service, and discusses drinking and gambling, and their popularity among soldiers during the War. Afterwards, he drifted among various occupations, including running variety and minstrel shows, and much time in and out of jail. He was by his own account a degenerate gambler. Later, he turned to religion, went sober and wrote this book to help others avoid going down the same path as him, as well as to support the Temperance Movement.

This new edition is dedicated to Bruce Rich, by no means drifter, gambler or teetotaler, but certainly an explorer of human nature and human folly.

 

 

Bought and Paid For: A Story of To-day

by Arthur Hornblow and George Broadhurst

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George Howells Broadhurst was born on June 3, 1866 in Walsall, England. In 1882, he moved to the United States and became a playwright. He was successful, and moved into other aspects of theater production, such as being a producer, theater owner, and manager. He owned theaters across the United States, including New York, Baltimore, Milwaukee and San Francisco.Arthur Hornblow was born during 1865 in Manchester, United Kingdom. He enjoyed a life of writing and success. He worked as an editor for Theater Magazine, and then his career took off when he wrote several successful plays. His son, Arthur Hornblow, Jr. also found success in theater.

 

 

James Monroe Buckley

by George Preston Mains

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James Monroe Buckley was born in Rahway, NJ on December 16, 1836. He became a Methodist Church minister in 1858. He worked in Delaware, New York and Michigan. He also became the editor of The Christian Advocate in 1881 and served until 1912. In 1872, he received the degree of D. D. from Wesleyan University, and then later an LL. D. from Emory and Henry College in Virginia. He was highly regarded in the Methodist denomination and served in many important roles. In addition, he wrote a great deal, including ‘Two Weeks in the Yosemite Valley’ (1872); ‘Oats or Wild Oats’ (1885); ‘The Land of the Czar and the Nihilist’ (1886); ‘Travels in Three Continents.’

 

 

 

Three Wonder Plays: The Dragon, Aristotle’s Bellows, The Jester

by Lady Gregory

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Isabella Augusta, who went as Lady Gregory, was a famed Irish dramatist deeply involved in all things theater, including being a theater owner. She primarily was a writer, and received much accolades for her work, later being recognized for spawning the Irish Literary Revival. In part, this was due to her writing plays based on Irish folklore and mythology, which helped give it renewed power and value. She also used “Kiltartanese” which is a mix of English with Gaelic.

Lady Gregory enjoyed a life of estates, world travel, salons and privilege. Born to a family with a 6,000 acre estate, she married well to Sir William Henry Gregory. She and her husband traveled to India, Egypt and Italy, among other places. Influenced by her experiences, Lady Gregory wrote in support of political causes such as the Urabi Revolt in Egypt, as well as support for Irish nationalism. She spent much of her later years in theater, until she passed away at the age of 80 due to breast cancer.

 

 

 

Ritual for Local Camps: Royal Neighbors of America, Auxiliary of the Modern Woodman of America

by Royal Neighbors of America

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The early members of the Society were ahead of their time. In addition to providing life insurance for women, they stood firmly behind the women’s suffrage movement. Royal Neighbors was also one of the first fraternal societies to insure children and recognize mortality studies establishing the fact that women live longer than men, and to reflect that difference in life insurance premiums.Royal Neighbors of America was founded in 1888, when Marie Kirkland got a group of eight wives of Modern Woodmen of America members to meet in Council Bluffs, IA. Within a year, they became a fully fledged organization with ritualistic practice and an articles of incorporation, as the non-profit organization wanted to better the world. They also wanted to benefit from insurance laws, so they incorporated in Peoria, IL in 1895, forming as a beneficiary society under the lodge system. They are developed as a non-profit, mutual aid organization that provides insurance. The organization was active in the women’s suffrage movement, and has assisted with providing aid to those in need during numerous natural disasters since the 1906 San Francisco, as a part of their ideology of providing aid to neighborhoods in need.

 

Geopolitics of Outer Space: Global Security and Development

by Ilayda Aydin

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Civilization in the twenty-first century is characterized by its technological capacity, which is substantially realized through space technologies. A desire for increased security and rapid development is driving nation-states to engage in an intensifying competition for speed and superiority to better utilize the unique assets of space. This competition, however, is rigorously challenged by the unforgiving physical properties of the space environment such as extreme temperatures and intense fluxes of radiation, as well as by an escalation in nuclear proliferation that could end all life known to human existence. Despite these challenges, humanity is taking eager steps into space—and is taking its various geopolitical rivalries and imperatives along.Does space development further or undermine global security? Can an obsession with security pose an ironically existential threat to humanity in this most fragile yet unforgiving environment it is stepping into? This book analyses the Chinese-American space discourse from the lenses of international relations theory, history and political psychology to explore these questions.

 

The Genesis of Art-Form

by George Lansing Raymond

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When on July 12, 1929, George Raymond died of pneumonia at the age of 89 he had enjoyed a crowded life as a professor and popular author of esthetics. He was born into fortunate circumstances, having a father who was one of the first mayors of Chicago. In 1862, he graduated from Williams, and went on to graduate from Princeton Seminary in 1865. For 25 years he taught at Princeton University, and then he began teaching at George Washington University from 1905 to 1912.

He became well-known for his writings on esthetic history. He combined psychology, history, art and biology in his theories. He also wrote on ethics, natural law, oration and poetry. His writings were so well received that he was nominated seven times for a Nobel Prize in Literature.

 

 

History and Mystery of Precious Stones

by William Jones FSA

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William Jones takes on the difficult tasks of collecting and categorizing the many ways that precious gems have taken on value in different cultures. For example, he studies pearls and the appeal that they have had in different cultures, time periods, uses and across various religious rituals including Judaism, Christianity and the occult. His work tends to highlight lore and legend.Jones was deeply devoted to his research of all things jeweled and ornamental. He wrote several books on related topics, including Finger-Ring Lore: Historical, Legendary and Anecdotal; Crowns & Coronations: A History of Regalia and Credulities Past and Present.

This new edition is dedicated to Kelvin Low, who takes a special interest in things gold and silver, both old and new, Asian and American.

 

 

The Art of the Vatican: A Brief History of the Palace, and an Account of the Principal Works of Art Within Its Walls

by Mary Knight Potter

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Mary Knight Potter was born in Boston into a family of artists. While she initially studied art herself, she preferred writing. Unfortunately, she battled health ailments. In September of 1915, she had married longtime friend and musician, Thomas Parker Currier, but sadly passed away only three weeks after. She left a great deal of writing behind, having published numerous books on art, including The Art of the Louvre, The Art of the Venice Academy, Love in Art, and a book of short stories called Ten Beautiful Years. Potter was an esteemed, world-renowned art critic, as well as a prized writer of fiction. Her stories appeared in Atlantic Monthly, Harper’s, and To-day’s Magazines, among others.

 

 

Discourses and Poems of William Newell, Minister of the First Parish in Cambridge: A Memorial Volume

by William Newell

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On February 25, 1804, William Newell was born in Littleton, Massachusetts. He graduated from Boston Latin School in 1818, and then earned an AB from Harvard in 1824 and an AM in 1827. Two years later, he graduated from Harvard Divinity School. He was well regarded, and quickly found a post as in 1830, he began working at First Parish in Cambridge. He was ordained on May 19, 1830. He was able to unify the divided congregation, and ended up leading the church until he retired on March 31, 1868. He died on October 28, 1881.This new edition is dedicated to the members of the First Parish Unitarian, across from Harvard Yard these many centuries.

 

 

Quaker Women, 1650-1690

by Mabel Richmond Brailsford

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Mabel Richmond Brailsford was not a Friend, but this work is considered to be truthful, extremely well researched, and also sympathetic. Brailsford did extensive research at the Library at Devonshire House in order to complete the portraits of numerous Quaker women, such as Margaret Fell, Barbara Blaugdone, Elizabeth Hooton, Elizabeth Fletcher, Jane Stuart, and Mary Fisher. The biographies paint a picture of the power that women held within the Quaker community, as opposed to other religious denominations at the time. It also offers a lot of information on the individual travels, writings, experiences, and also systemic failures that each of these women faced. Some have argued this is as much an adventure story as it is a set of biographies. She gives an excellent early history of both Quakers and England between 1650-1690.

Brailsford wrote a great deal, including other works on Quakers, such as The Making of William Penn (1930). She often focused on religions and figures within those movements, such as Susanna Wesley, the mother of Methodism, A Quaker from Cromwell’s army: James Nayler, and A Tale of Two Brothers: John and Charles Wesley.

 

 

 

The Spanish Borderlands: A Chronicle of Old Florida and the Southwest

by Herbert E. Bolton

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The Spanish Borderlands focuses on the areas between Florida and California, and the influence that Spanish conquistadores held. The work is broken into two sections, with the first highlighting exploration of the region by Spaniards, and the latter half of the book looking at these areas as colonies. Bolton examines the complex relationships between Spaniards, the numerous individual Native American tribes in the colonized regions, and other colonizing bodies, such as the French.Herbert E. Bolton (1870-1953) was an American historian who examined history through a complex lens over time, rather than as an isolated force, as was popular with historians like Frederick Jackson Turner whom Bolton studied under. Bolton found it crucial to examine the variety of people, along with their cultures, histories and motivations and its impact on the fabric of the United States. Early in his career, Bolton taught early European history at the University of Texas, but after research in Mexico he turned his focus towards the Spanish colonization of the Americas. In 1911, he became a professor of history at the University of California, Berkeley, with his specialty being the History of the Americas.

 

This new edition is dedicated to Daniel Tapia Quintana, Harvardian, shrewd observer of the border and its political and social anomalies.

 

 

 

 

Nietzsche in Outline & Aphorism

by A. R. Orage

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Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) was a philosopher, a poet, and a scholar. Unfortunately, he suffered from poor health, which caused him to resign from his position as the Chair of Classical Philology, which he held at the age of 24. At 44, he was so ill that his mother, and then his sister had to care for him until his death at the page of 55. Nietzsche wrote on numerous subjects, but is commonly associated with nihilism, critiques of Christian morality, and his strong opposition to anti-Semitism and nationalism. There was a brief time when his sister reworked his manuscripts to favor Nazi ideology, but the correct manuscripts were uncovered.Alfred Richard Orage was born in January 1873 and lived until November 1934. He was a scholar, writer, teacher, political organizer, publisher, and socialist.This is a reprint work.

 

 

 

 

The Quaker of the Future Time

by George A. Walton

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The William Penn Lectures were put together by the Young Friends Movement of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. George A. Walton was a member of the organization, and gave this lecture. In it, among other principles, he discusses the impact labor has on the current world. He advocates for living faith in one’s work, and to ensure that it has meaning and value to both the material and the spiritual realms. Walton gave this speech in 1916 and was responding to many changes in society at the time, although his work still resonates today. George A. Walton was born in 1883. He went on to become the headmaster of the George School in 1912, a Quaker boarding school, where he served until 1948. In 1969, Walton passed away. His papers are held by Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College.

 

 

 

 

Unitarian Affirmations: Seven Discourses Given in Washington, D.C.

by Seven Unitarian Ministers

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Unitarianism is a theological movement which at its start proclaimed that God is a singular entity, rather than a trinity. It rejects other tenants common in Christianity, such as the concept of original sin and the Bible as infallible. The belief emerged during the 1600s and spread quickly through Europe and the United States, particularly among the educated and wealthy classes. One of the earliest places it arrived in the United States was in New England. These lectures were originally given during the late 1890s, and focus on a variety of theological debates, such as the Bible, the Church, and the afterlife.

 

 

 

 

History of the Fraternal Order of Eagles

by J. Fanning O’Reilly

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The Fraternal Order of Eagles is an international fraternal organization that was founded on February 6, 1898 in Seattle, Washington by a group of six theater owners. It was initially composed of those who worked within the performing arts. The first meetings were typically social gatherings held on theater stages. As the organization grew, they began to seek out positive changes to make in society. They are considered to be the driving force behind Social Security and Mother’s Day. Members also began to create a unique identity, such calling their lodges “aeries” and adopting the bald eagle as their emblem. Unfortunately, racism was also ingrained in the organization. To become a member, an applicant had to be 21 years old, of good character, not a Communist and be of Caucasian background. The requirement to be white was removed by the late 1970s, but it remained very difficult for minorities to become members.

 

 

 

 

Why Thirty-Three?: Searching for Masonic Origins

by S. Brent Morris, PhD, Introduction by Wallace E. Boston, Jr.

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The papers presented here represent over twenty-five years of publications by S. Brent Morris. They explore his many questions about Freemasonry, usually dealing with origins of the Craft. What “high degrees” were in the United States before 1830? What were the activities in the United States before 1801 of the Order of the Royal Secret, the precursor of the Scottish Rite? How did American grand lodges form as they broke away from England? Who were the Gormogons; how did they get started; what happened to them? Why does the Scottish Rite have thirty-three degrees?A complex organization with a lengthy pedigree like Freemasonry has many basic foundational questions waiting to be answered, and that’s what this book does: answers questions.

S. Brent Morris, 33°, Grand Cross, is Managing Editor of the Scottish Rite Journal, the largest circulation Masonic magazine in the world. He retired after twenty-five years as a mathematician with the federal government and has taught at Duke, Johns Hopkins, and George Washington Universities. He is Past Master of Patmos Lodge No. 70, Ellicott City, Maryland, and Quatuor Coronati Lodge No. 2076, London; a Fellow and Mackey Scholar of the Scottish Rite Research Society; a Fellow of the Philalethes Society; an honorary Fellow of the Phylaxis Society; founding Editor of Heredom, the transactions of the Scottish Rite Research Society; indexer of Ars Quatuor Coronatorum; and Past Grand Abbot of the Society of Blue Friars. He is the author of Magic Tricks, Card Shuffling, and Dynamic Computer Memories; two U.S. patents; nine technical articles; and is author or editor of over forty books on Freemasonry including Complete Idiot’s Guide to Freemasonry and Is It True What They Say About Freemasonry? (with Arturo de Hoyos).

 

 

 

 

black and white image of two people and the title in a teal box above them

Mesmerism and Christian Science: A Short History of Mental Healing

by Frank Podmore

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Frank Podmore was born on February 5, 1856 and died by drowning on August 14, 1910. During his life, he focused on two major projects. One was advancing socialism in Britain, and to support his belief in incremental changes to bring about socialism, rather than a revolution, he founded the Fabian Society in 1884. The other project Podmore was passionate about was the paranormal. He wrote a great deal to debunk or otherwise offer scientific explanations to paranormal activity. In this work, which was well received by the The British Journal of Psychiatry, then referred to as the Journal of Mental Science, Podmore investigates claims of mesmerism, and argues that it may have some impact on treating gout, among other things. Podmore also gives a bit of background on leading figures practicing other forms of faith healing, such as Kenelm Digby and Paracelsus.

 

 

 

 

gray cover with a sketched image of Ward in the center

John Quincy Adams Ward: An Appreciation

by Adeline Adams

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John Quincy Adams Ward (June 29, 1830 – May 1, 1910) was a sculptor. He was born in Ohio to a family of means. He enjoyed playing on their 600 acre estate, and in his early childhood enjoyed making sculptures out of malleable sediment from a nearby creek. He began studying with a local family friend and potter in his adolescence, but then became discouraged after seeing talented artists at a sculpture show. He studied medicine until he became quite ill. Afterwards, he decided to return to sculpture. He was most well-known for creating busts of famous male figures, most notably his work of George Washington which still stands in New York City. In addition to sculpting, Ward served as the President of the National Academy of Design for a number of years. He also founded, and then became President of the National Sculpture Society. He served on numerous boards and committees which sought to advance art, including being one of the original members of the Board of Trustees of The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Adeline Adams (1859–1948) was predominantly a writer who focused on artist biographies, but she also wrote poetry. She was born in Boston, well educated and had a lifelong appreciation for the arts. She was also involved in the women’s suffrage movement.

 

 

 

 

black and white image of Orville Dewey with the title information in the left corner

Discourses and Reviews Upon Questions in Controversial Theology and Practical Religion

by Orville Dewey

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Orville Dewey was born in Sheffield, Massachusetts on March 28, 1794. He spent his time in school and also working on his family’s farm. His household was strongly Calvinist, due to his mother. Both intelligent and studious, Dewey excelled in school, graduating from Williams College, and then later attended Andover Theological Seminary. He went on to become a Unitarian pastor, working within the community of New Bedford for over a decade.Dewey spent much of his later life between Europe and the United States. As he was in ill health, he sought cure and relaxation in Europe. When he returned to the United States, he would come in and out of retirement, either serving various religious posts, or working on his farm. He spent is time out of retirement in New England, New York, and also two years in Washington. He passed away on March 21, 1882. His papers are held in the Andover-Harvard Theological Library at Harvard Divinity School.

 

 

 

 

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William Lloyd Garrison and His Times; or, Sketches Of The Anti-Slavery Movement in America, and of the Man Who Was Its Founder and Moral Leader

by Oliver Johnson, Introduction by John G. Whittier

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William Lloyd Garrison was born on December 10, 1805. Despite the title of this work, he was certainly not the founder of the Anti-Slavery Movement in America, which had long preceded him. However, he made many notable contributions to the fight for the end of the barbarous practice. He founded the American Anti-Slavery Society, initially the New England Anti-Slavery Society, and was the editor of The Liberator. He also supported women’s suffrage, which actually split the abolitionist movement to split into various factions. Garrison never joined politics however, considering it against his morals. In 1879, Garrison passed away from kidney disease after a long and meaningful life.This work was written by Garrion’s friend, Oliver Johnson. There is much focus on Garrion’s role in the abolitionist movement, with limited and static portrayals of his family. Garrison felt he was central to the abolitionist movement, which is reflected in this biography. Fellow friend, John G. Whittier also wrote a glowing introduction to this book, which was released the year that Garrison died.

John Greenleaf Whittier was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts on December 17, 1807. His family farmed, although he was able to have access to some schooling, roughly 12 weeks annually. Whittier was motivated to learn, and became self-educated, so much so that he moved from farming to becoming an editor. Unfortunately, he was of poor health, and the occupational change suited his health needs as well. He worked for a variety of publications, including Haverhill Gazette, the New England Weekly Review, American Manufacturer in Boston, and the Pennsylvania Freeman. He gained a solid reputation through his work as an editor, and then became a politician. In 1833, William Lloyd Garrison contacted Whittier for assistance with the abolitionist movement. Whittier was dedicated to the cause, and advocated tirelessly against slavery. After the close of the Civil War, he gained fame for his narrative poem, Snowbound, which reflected both Whittier’s personal mourning the loss of his family within the turmoil of the United States during the Civil War. Whittier wrote a great deal of poetry in particular, but other content regarding the horrors and incredible injustice of slavery. This work highlighting the life and experiences of William Lloyd Garrison is an excellent example. Whittier’s life is well preserved in The Whittier Home Museum, which is a National Historic Landmark located in Amesbury, MA.

 

 

 

 

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Hypnotism, and Magnetism, Mesmerism, Suggestive Therapeutics and Magnetic Healing

by L. W. de Laurence

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Perhaps appropriately, L. W. de Laurence was born on Halloween in 1868 in Cleveland, Ohio. He went on to develop the major occult publishing firm, De Laurence, Scott & Co. operating out of Chicago. In addition to selling books related to occultism, they also sold related goods. The company had its largest number of consumers in the US South and Jamaica. In addition to being a purveyor of goods, de Laurence was also a writer. Unfortunately, he also was a plagiarist, lifting the work, Pictorial Key to the Tarot, written by Arthur Edward Waite, and claiming it as his own.In 1930, de Laurence was consecrated a bishop. This helped his ideas gain more traction and acceptance. In 1936 he passed away, although his company still operates, now as the de Laurence Company, out of Michigan City, Indiana. Ironically, they purport to have to fight off imposters of de Laurence products.Hypnotism, and Magnetism, Mesmerism, Suggestive Therapeutics and Magnetic Healing is a reprinted edition that has been manually cleaned of most blemishes.

 

 

 

 

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Oriental Mysticism: A Treatise on Sufiistic and Unitarian Theosophy of the Persians

by Edward Henry Palmer

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Edward Henry Palmer put together this work that was based on a Persian manuscript, Maksad i Aksá by Azíz bin Mohammed Nafasí. The work sheds some light on Sufis, a Islamic mysticism, which is often characterized as offering the internalization and intensification of Islamic faith.As a child, Palmer enjoyed the benefit of a private teacher, although he was sadly orphaned at a young age. He began a job as a clerk, but his love was always for learning languages and different cultures. He learned Romani culture and language, and then went on to learn French and Italian. Influenced by Sayyid Abdallah, a professor at Cambridge, and a new lease on life, having successfully recovered from tuberculosis, Palmer went on to study at St. John’s College in 1863. Later, he worked on Persian, Turkish, and Arabic manuscripts held by the university. Afterwards, he was asked to join a survey of the Middle East, including Sinai. He returned, wrote about the experience, married, sadly became widowed, became a professor, left and became writing for the Standard. In 1882, an opportunity came up to join an Egyptian expedition. Unfortunately, Palmer and his group were ambushed and murdered.

 

 

 

 

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Pryings Among Private Papers: Chiefly of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

by Thomas Longueville

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Thomas Longueville wrote numerous works about the history of royalty. During his research, he came across many salacious or otherwise interesting tidbits from the Reports of the Historical Commission he often foundhimself wading in. This work is a collection of phrases, notes, diaries and other pieces of information Longueville collected. The items are arranged in numerous collections, ranging from Horse-Dealing and Cock-Fighting to Funerals, Clerical, and Ireland.Thomas Longueville (1844-1922) was born in Oswestry, Shropshire, England. He wrote numerous works, especially biographies, but also wrote other non-fiction books. Some of his works include Marshall Turenne, The Life of a Conspirator: Being a Biography of Sir Everard Digby by One of His Descendants, Policy and Paint: or, Some Incidents in the Lives of Dudley Carleton and Peter Paul Rubens, The Curious Case of Lady Purbeck: A Scandal of the XVIIth Century.

This new edition is dedicated to Oscar Margatts as he climbs the mountain of scholarship.

 

 

 

 

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Wine, Women, and Song: Medieval Latin Students’ Songs Now First Translated into English Verse with an Essay

by John Addington Symonds

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John Addington Symonds was born on October 5, 1840 in Bristol, England. He became well known as a poet, researcher, and teacher. Biographers have often remarked on Symonds’ bisexuality as being a significant influence on his life. He was in multiple relations with men and women throughout his life. These relationships often overlapped. For example, while married to his wife, Janet Catherine North, he enjoyed a four year relationship with Norman Moor. Controversially, Symonds was interested in and advocated for pederastic relationships. Moor was in his teens when he was romantically involved with Symonds. In 1873, Symonds wrote A Problem in Greek Ethics, which was a historical, detailed look at pederastic relationships in early Greek history. Much of Symonds works have not been published because they often dealt with homosexuality and were considered very taboo.

 

 

 

 

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Speech and Manners for Home and School

by Miss E. S. Kirkland

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E. S. Kirkland wrote books intended for children regarding domesticity in general. Her most popular book was Six Little Cooks, aiming to teach children how to cook, along with some specially selected recipes. When first released, Speech and Manners for Home and School was advertised with the following:”This book…is intended to call the attention of young people to the correct use of their mother-tongue, and to furnish some hints in regard to the most common violations of good breeding. The readers will probably find themselves conscience-stricken at the thought of their own frequent violations against “The King’s English,” not to speak of the points connected more especially with juvenile life and comprised under the general name of Manners.”

 

 

 

 

The Life of Friedrich Nietzsche

by Daniel Halévy, Translated by J. M. Hone, Introduced by T. M. Kettle

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Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) has had a profound impact on our way of life. Among other things, he was a philosopher, a poet, and a scholar. Unfortunately, he suffered from poor health, which caused him to resign from his position as the Chair of Classical Philology, which he held at the age of 24. At 44, he was so ill that his mother, and then his sister, had to care for him until his death at the age of 55. Nietzsche wrote on numerous subjects, but is commonly associated with nihilism, critiques of Christian morality, and his strong opposition to anti-Semitism and nationalism. There was a brief time when his sister reworked his manuscripts to favor Nazi ideology, but the correct manuscripts were uncovered. Many scholars have written about Nietzsche.Daniel Halévy was a French historian born in December 1872. One of his most well regarded works was Essay on the Acceleration of History. However, in the 1930s Halévy found himself to be a “man of the extreme right” and his questionable politics led to his work falling to the wayside.This is a reprinted work, with minor text defects as a result of age.

 

 

 

 

A Scholar’s Letters to a Young Lady: Passages from the Later Correspondence of Francis James Child

by Francis James Child

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On February 1, 1825, Francis James Child was born in Boston, Massachusetts. Although his family lived in poverty, Child benefited from the public school system in Boston. His dedication and intelligence while in school was recognized with a scholarship to attend Harvard. Child was a bit shy because of his working class background, but he became popular because of his excellent work, speech and character. In 1848, he was again recognized by a benefactor, who encouraged and paid for Child to move to Germany where he could attend graduate school. The fledgling United States did not have postgraduate institutions at the time. Child had many interests, and it was his passion for mathematics and literature that moved him to focus on speech and writing. He served for 25 years as a Professor of Rhetoric, and then Professor of English, at Harvard University. He wrote a great deal on ballads, class consciousness and composition. He also was the President of the American Folklore Society for two terms, built an incredible folklore collection at Harvard University Library.

This new edition is dedicated to Professor Guillermo De Los Reyes.

 

 

 

 

Old Stories & Sayings from India, Ceylon, Burma, and the Near East

by Isa Fyvie Mayo

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Isabella Fyvie Mayo was an incredible woman. Born in 1843 in London, she enjoyed the benefits of schooling and encouragement of her writing. She worked tirelessly to help her family, but for many years she was uncompensated for her writing. Finally, once she was published it was to great acclaim with Occupations of a Retired Life (1868). She wrote numerous books including, Not by Bread Alone (1890) and Other People’s Stairs (1898). Additionally, she wrote for many popular magazines such as the Sunday Magazine, Girls’ Own Paper, and Pa Mall Gazette.Although she often wrote under the pen name, Edward Garrett, she did much to advance women’s issues as an ardent suffragist. She even became the first woman elected to a public office in Aberdeen. She considered herself an ethical anarchist and active antiracist, especially working to provide a safe haven to those from South Asia.

Old Stories & Sayings from India, Ceylon, Burma, and the Near East is a reprinted work and has been manually cleaned of blemishes.

 

 

 

Psychic Phenomena: A Brief Account of the Physical Manifestations Observed in Psychical Research

by Edward T. Bennett, Introduction by Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge

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Edward Trusted Bennett was born on July 1, 1831 in London. He was trained as a botanist, as was his younger brother, Alfred William Bennett. He was a Quaker, but after supporting the views of Charles Voysey, a priest in the Church of England who was condemned and then went on to found a theist church, Bennett he was disowned. In his later years, he became very active within the British National Association of Spiritualists and even became the first secretary of the Society for Psychical Research. He was considered to be a dedicated, hard-working and well-liked member. Even after his retirement in 1902, he continued to publish related works, such as On the Direct Phenomena of Spiritualism. Bennett was also deeply invested in his community and, among other things, helped to begin a Saturday night concert series in Richmond, Surrey, which was very well received and attended. He passed away in 1908.

Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge enjoyed a long life filled with many unique accomplishments. Born on June 12, 1851 he worked tirelessly until his passing on August 22, 1940. He is primarily known for his work as a renowned physicist, particularly for his work on electromagnetic radiation, radio and electricity. However, he was also deeply interested in spirituality and telepathy. Lodge over blended his two interests.Arguably, this was influenced by the death of his son, Raymond Lodge during World War I. He wrote a best selling book about his son’s death and his attempts to contact him in the afterlife, entitled Raymond or Life and Death. His belief in Spiritualism strongly influenced his research, causing some debate within academic communities over his scientific findings. Lodge wrote and researched so many subjects that his papers are scattered across numerous institutions. Those seeking further information on his psychical research can find his papers at The Society for Psychical Research in the United Kingdom.

 

 

 

The New Rebellion

by Dr. Karl F. M. Sandberg

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Karl Ferdinand Marius Sandberg was a longtime member of the Socialist Party in the United States, including serving on the National Committee. He was particularly interested in the banking, currency and general monetary systems in the US. He wrote multiple works on this subject, including The Currency Problem: The Problem of The Socialist Party Today, and The Money Trust. Sandberg was deeply concerned with income inequality, and argued that the banking system was not a viable source for solving financial issues plaguing the nation, but rather that “farmers and wageworkers” needed to be the focus and origin of solutions.Dr. Sandberg was a surgeon-in-chief at the Norwegian Tabitha Hospital in Chicago, Illinois. He was also a member of the Norwegian Nationalist League in Chicago, which linked all Norwegian organizations with at least twenty members, including a singing organization, burial society, the Scandinavian-American Prohibition Club, painter’s union, shoemakers’ society, and much more.

 

 

 

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Homes of the London Poor

by Octavia Hill

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Octavia Hill was born in December 1838 into a large family of ultimately nine children. Her father was a corn merchant, but after he suffered from mental issues, he was no longer able to support his family, so his wife, Caroline Southwood Smith and her family, financially supported the family. Much of her family was deeply interested in alleviating poverty in urban settings, which influenced Hill throughout her life. Her own circumstances changed as well, having gone from comfort to poverty after her father’s illness. At the age of 13, Hill was accepted into a co-operative guild, which training in glass-painting. The guild was designed to provide employment opportunities for impoverished women. She soon began managing the guild, and heartbroken over the extreme poverty she saw her fellow child workers experienced, she began working within other organizations as well to address poverty. As part of her experiences, she was put in charge of managing three neglected homes, in hopes of improving their condition, the quality of lives of the low-income tenants and making them attractive for investment as well. This work focuses on Hill’s experiences in managing these properties, and her thoughts on how to eradicate poverty and improve the quality of life for all Londoners.Hill was very successful, and her program grew tremendously and took on other paid female professionals. She had some interesting beliefs, such as not supporting women’s suffrage and also not being supportive of welfare benefits, even for the elderly and infirm, preferring only the concept of self-sufficiency. Hill died from cancer on August 13, 1912 at the age of 73.

 

 

 

From the Heart of Israel: Jewish Tales and Types

by Rabbi Dr. Bernard Drachman

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Rabbi Dr. Bernard Drachman was born on June 27, 1861 in New York City. He received his early education at High School, Jersey City, NJ, and the Hebrew Preparatory School before going on to earn his B.A from Columbia College. Afterwards, he earned his rabbinic ordination from the Jewish Theological Seminary of Breslau, thanks to a scholarship. He also earned a Ph.D from the University of Heidelberg. As an American born rabbi, it was difficult for him to find a position in an Orthodox synagogue. However, he was dedicated and extremely knowledgeable and found his way to serve. He officiated as rabbi to the Oheb Sholom congregation in Newark from 1885-87, then the Congregation Beth Israel Bikkur Cholim in New York city from 1887-89, and later to that of the congregation Zichron Ephraim. He also served as a professor at the Jewish Theological Seminary.

 

 

 

 

Pioneering in Masonry: The Life and Times of Rob Morris, Masonic Poet Laureate, Together with the Story of Clara Barton and the Eastern Star

by Lucien V. Rule

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Social history as a corrective to a historiography is often too limited to diplomacy and wars. It began an upward trajectory as early as the 1930s, but it remains constrained by the frustrating cost and availability of materials that even great research libraries lack. This volume is a case in point.Fraternal movements like Freemasonry have impacted society for hundreds of years. Yet, over time research into their undoubted influence has been handicapped by their codes of secrecy, arcane rituals, and the paucity of continuing tertiary research projects. As a step towards “more light” Westphalia Press has produced a number of scarce titles that will be helpful in understanding the “secret empire” of lodges, initiations, and (candidly) the deliberately inscrutable.

 

The Early History and Antiquities of Freemasonry: As Connected with Ancient Norse Guilds, and the Oriental and Mediæval Building Fraternities

by George F. Fort

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Social history as a corrective to a historiography is often too limited to diplomacy and wars. It began an upward trajectory as early as the 1930s, but it remains constrained by the frustrating cost and availability of materials that even great research libraries lack. This volume is a case in point. Fraternal movements like Freemasonry have impacted society for hundreds of years. Yet, over time research into their undoubted influence has been handicapped by their codes of secrecy, arcane rituals, and the paucity of continuing tertiary research projects. As a step towards “more light” Westphalia Press has produced a number of scarce titles that will be helpful in understanding the “secret empire” of lodges, initiations, and (candidly) the deliberately inscrutable.

George Franklin Fort was born on June 30, 1809 in New Jersey and would rise to prominence in his home state. Among other things, he would serve as the Governor of New Jersey from 1851 to 1854. He began practicing medicine in 1830, but by the mid-1840s he became very involved in politics. He was largely a reform-minded candidate, and supported universal suffrage, 10-hour workdays, and ending child labor. In 1868 he left politics to practice medicine again. He passed away on April 22, 1872.

 

 

 

 

Francis Joseph and His Court: From the Memoirs of Count Roger De Rességuier

by Herbert Vivian

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Herbert Vivian was very much of an obnoxious opportunist, and later became a fascist. Born in 1865 in England, he enjoyed a life of privilege and elevated social circles. He was once friends with Oscar Wilde, but after Vivian published “The Reminiscences of a Short Life” Wilde forbid Vivian from coming near. The work caused fallout among Wilde and some of his friends. He was very involved in the Neo-Jacobite Revival, a UK political movement around the 1900s, which looked to replace British parliamentary democracy with a return to monarchy. In 1891, Vivian unsuccessfully ran for office. He still tried to remain in the political sphere, and started a few Jacobite leagues, like the Legitimist Jacobite League of Great Britain and Ireland, since he kept fighting with founding organization partners. Because his reputation in the UK was not good, he ended up becoming a travel writer to earn money and maintain some semblance of his reputation. He published a variety of books and articles on a variety of subjects, from fiction to a faulty gambling system, to mixed reviews. Sometimes he published under a pseudonym, but not to better results. In the 1930s he became a fan of fascist Italy and wrote its praises. By this time, even his attempts at non-fiction writing were advised to be considered mostly fiction. He died in 1940 to little fanfare and many sighs of relief.