The Labour Movement

by Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse

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Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse (September 8, 1864 – June 21, 1929) was a sociologist and political scientist, known as an early and powerful proponent of the “New Liberal” movement in England. He worked as a journalist for a decade, as a secretary for a trade union, and later as a professor of sociology at the University of London.

Hobhouse was strongly influenced by the work of John Stuart Mill, and was agnostic, a feminist, a secularist and described himself as a liberal socialist. He argued that wealth had a social dimension, and was not acquired through individual effort, but rather social organization. He was against imperialism, as he was against the “archaic order of society and older forms of coercion” as well. His sister, Emily Hobhouse was also a feminist, anti-imperialist and was best known for revealing the awful conditions inside British incarceration camps in South Africa, particularly those holding women and children.

The Labour Movement was one of Hobhouse’s first book, published in 1893. He wrote numerous other works, including Democracy and Reaction (1905), The Rational Good: A Study in the Logic of Practice (1921); The Elements of Social Justice (1922).

This new edition is dedicated to Steven Rathgeb Smith, able director of the American Political Science Association.

New Wars for Old: Being a Statement of Radical Pacifism in Terms of Force Versus Non-Resistance: with Special Reference to the Facts and Problems of the Great War

by John Haynes Holmes

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John Haynes Holmes was born on November 29, 1879 in Philadelphia, although he spent much of his youth in the Boston area. He grew up within the Unitarian church, and was extremely close to his grandfather, John Haynes. While he initially planned to enter business, as his grandfather did, he ended up graduating from Harvard Divinity School in 1904. He married the same time he graduated from school, and he and his wife, Madeleine Baker, relocated to Dorchester, Massachusetts, for Holmes to take up a position at a church. However he and Madeleine were deeply interested in hymns, and the connection helped Holmes find a new role at the Church of the Messiah in New York City. There Holmes combined his love of religion with a genuine desire to improve society. He delivered and published sermons such as “Christianity and Socialism”, where he found that Socialism was “the religion of Jesus, and of all the great prophets of God who have lived and died for men.”

Holmes went on to help found several powerful organizations seeking justice. In 1908, the Unitarian Fellowship for Social Justice was founded by Holmes and twenty other people. Holmes also helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), and the American branch of the Fellowship of Reconciliation and the War Resistance League.Although some people had rebuked Holmes during World War I when he preached pacifism, he was still very popular and drew people to wherever he preached. His goal was to create a uniquely multicultural and religiously diverse congregation, which he successfully did through The Community Church of New York. Holmes has had a profoundly positive impact, not just on the Unitarian Church, but the fabric of the United States.

 

 

 

 

British Burma and Its People: Being Sketches of Native Manners, Customs and Religion

by Capt. C.J.F.S. Forbes

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In 1879, Nature: The International Journal of Science, offered this review of this work:

“This book is offered as the result of thirteen years’ experience derived from close intercourse, both officially and privately, with the people of Burma during that period. Such works are frequently contributed by the pro-consuls of the British empire, and afford, apart from their scientific value, good material to judge of the men and methods of our colonial government…It is, however, seldom that we see combined with the administrative capacities of our governors and commissioners a thorough knowledge of the ethnology, biology, and physical characteristics of the regions over which they preside. When such a man appears, and further possesses the quality of observation, his work marks an epoch, and English rule receives a new significance. It is in no adverse spirit that we say thus early that Capt. Forbes’ work will not rank in this category, and we desire rather to commend it for what it does possess than to criticize it for the information which it does not supply.”

Captain Forbes, without the aid of any diagrams or other visual aids, spends a great deal of explaining economic systems, history, religion and other things he encounters in deep detail. While the work offers a lot of interesting insight on the region during the late 1800s, it is still flawed with some prejudices and misunderstandings that were commonly believed at the time.

 

 

 

 

War Scenes I Shall Never Forget

by Carita Spencer

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In this work, Carita Spencer offers some sketches of her experiences during World War I, along with photos, and even a menu. Spencer offered the work as an American going overseas to document the war, and to report her findings back to the United States. The scenes can be quite graphic, as war is.Spencer catalogued experiences predominantly by Belgian, French and English soldiers, nurses, doctors, Red Cross officials, and others. Unlike many war narratives, which focus solely on combat, Spencer’s narrative discusses the impact on the average citizen as well, noting how young girls were making lace to sell to benefit the soldier, the constant fear of “aero bombs”, and of a town where “nearly everyone…was ill with a touch of asphyxiating gas.” It is the hope of many of these shared recollections that the horrors of war be prevented. Spencer illustrates how deeply the pain, bloodshed and ruin permeate.

This new edition is dedicated to the faculty and students of the American Military University.

 

 

Geopolitics of Outer Space: Global Security and Development

by Ilayda Aydin

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Civilization in the twenty-first century is characterized by its technological capacity, which is substantially realized through space technologies. A desire for increased security and rapid development is driving nation-states to engage in an intensifying competition for speed and superiority to better utilize the unique assets of space. This competition, however, is rigorously challenged by the unforgiving physical properties of the space environment such as extreme temperatures and intense fluxes of radiation, as well as by an escalation in nuclear proliferation that could end all life known to human existence. Despite these challenges, humanity is taking eager steps into space—and is taking its various geopolitical rivalries and imperatives along.Does space development further or undermine global security? Can an obsession with security pose an ironically existential threat to humanity in this most fragile yet unforgiving environment it is stepping into? This book analyses the Chinese-American space discourse from the lenses of international relations theory, history and political psychology to explore these questions.

 

The Death Penalty in the Caribbean: Perspectives from the Police

Editor, Wendell C. Wallace PhD

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“The Death Penalty in the Caribbean is a novel, thought-provoking and timely contribution to the contentious debate of the Death Penalty in the Anglophone Caribbean. This book is directed at policy makers, law enforcement practitioners and scholars, and is a must read for students of criminology, international relations, political science and security studies for the light it sheds on this complex matter.”
—Dr. Suzette A. Haughton, senior lecturer of international relations and security studies, Department of Government, The University of the West Indies, Mona Campus.

“The Death Penalty in the Caribbean is a clarion call to police leaders and police officers to share their views on the viability of the death penalty as a crime control mechanism for the Caribbean. The book presents cogent and reasoned discussions which are worthy of stimulating future discourse among policy makers, police leaders and academics and is very encouraging for the development of a Caribbean Jurisprudence.”
—Stephen Williams, Commissioner of Police, Trinidad and Tobago Police Service.

Many individuals have yearned to hear the voices of the often voiceless police leaders in the Caribbean. With this in mind, two controversial topics, policing and the death penalty, are skillfully interwoven into one book in order to respond to this lacuna in the region. The book carries you through a disparate range of emotions, thoughts, frustrations, successes and views as espoused by police leaders throughout the Caribbean. The book is a riveting read that will quench readers’ thirst for knowledge on the death penalty and policing as viewed through the lens of police practitioners. This book is a must read for students of criminology, law, police sciences as well as man on the street and is a great opportunity to listen to the voices of Caribbean police leaders as they bare it all for the readers. If you are interested in understanding the challenges faced by police officers, crime prevention and reduction strategies and the efficacy of the death penalty in the Caribbean, then this is a book for you.

Dr. Wendell C. Wallace is a Criminologist, Barrister and a Certified Mediator who also has over 15 years of progressive policing experience. These unique qualifications have placed him in a prime position to deliberate on the myriad of crime related issues such as the Death Penalty, obstacles to policing and crime prevention and reduction strategies that confront Caribbean countries and their police departments.

 

Reminiscences of the Santiago Campaign: The Spanish-American War of 1898

by John Bigelow Jr.

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The major land campaign of the Spanish-American War of 1898 was the American battle with Spain for the Cuban city of Santiago. Painfully aware of the mistakes made and lives needlessly lost, John Bigelow, Jr, who served as the Captain in the U.S. Calvary, wrote:

“The enlisting, organizing, drilling, and equipping of an army of over two hundred and fifty thousand men, the transportation of about twenty thousand of them to a theatre of war a thousand miles or more distant, and from a temperate to a tropical climate, on less than one month’s notice for preparation, involved endless confusion and an almost total disregard of the rules and precautions of scientific warfare. In this narration I have not sought to give undue prominence to, still less to disguise, any of the consequences of this want of preparation. On the contrary, if what I have to report can have any value, professionally or otherwise, and I hope it will be found to have some, it must consist mainly in the frank disclosure of everything that fell under my personal observation, the recurrence of which our Government in the future should strive to avoid.”

Military historians will find this an unusually candid account of a war that too often is described as an unmitigated success.

 

Goodwill and Its Treatment in Accounts: A Historical Look at Goodwill, Trade Marks & Trade Names

by Lawrence R. Dicksee and Frank Tillyard

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Lawrence R. Dicksee was deeply invested in all aspects of numbers when it came to business. He was head of a firm of accountants, Sellars, Dicksee and Co. He was also an esteemed scholar, working as an accounting professor at the University of Birmingham, while also serving as a Lecturer at the London School of Economics.

Dicksee began his practice as an accountant in 1886, and then began teaching later, in 1902. Even if students did not take a class with him, they likely encountered him, as he wrote numerous accounting textbooks, such as Advanced Accounting, Hotel Accounts, and Bookkeeping for Accountant Students, among numerous others. Dicksee had a deep impact on accountancy as it is taught, particularly in the United States. Goodwill and its Treatment in Accounts offers one such example.

This edition is dedicated to Rex Kallembach, CPA.

 

New England Arbitration and Peace Congress: Report of the Proceedings: Hartford and New Britain, Connecticut: May 8 to 11, 1910

by James L. Tryon

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The Report begins with this introduction:
“Next to the National Congresses held in New York and Chicago and the International Congresses held in Chicago and Boston, the New England Peace and Arbitration Congress was the most important gathering of the representatives and friends of the organized peace movement that has been held in this country. It was held under the auspices of the American Peace Society and the Connecticut Peace Society. Its leading features were valuable addresses of a historical and ethical character on the growth and aims of the peace movement and a memorable celebration of the one hundredth anniversary of the birth of Elihu Burritt.”

Burritt was the abolitionist blacksmith, appointed by President Lincoln as consul in Birmingham, England, and possibly the inspiration for Longfellow’s poem The Village Blacksmith. This volume showcases the work of members of various religious, labor organizations, political leaders coming together under the umbrella of world peace. The American Peace Society and the journal World Affairs continue to this day, having been incorporated into the Policy Studies Organization

James L. Tryon was born in 1864 in Massachusetts. He went on to attend Harvard University. He pursued law and divinity, ultimately getting a PhD from Boston University. He had many interests, and juggled several careers at the same time. Among other things, he served as a priest, a reporter, editor, a secretary and director. He became involved with the American Peace Society, and then was involved with the International Peace Congress. He was also a member of the American Political Science Association, American Society of International Law, and the Massachusetts Prison Association. His end goal, which he worked tirelessly for, was to achieve world peace.

 

Money and Its Laws: Embracing a History of Monetary Theories: and A History of the Currencies of the United States

by Henry V. Poor

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Henry Varnum Poor was born on December 8, 1812 in Andover, Maine. He went on to graduate from Bowdoin College in 1835, and then practiced law with his uncle’s firm. Poor became quite rich after he and his family invested in Maine’s timber industry, and then in the incipient rail industry. As part of his investment, he decided to create a compilation of financial information on railroad companies, History of Railroads and Canals in the United States. Ultimately, Poor, along with his son, Henry William, ended up developing Standard & Poor’s, the extraordinary financial information giant. Many of the family’s papers are held at the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library in Harvard University.

 

Middle East Reviews: Second Edition

Editors: Mohammed M. Aman PhD and Mary Jo Aman, MLIS

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About the Editors
Mohammed M. Aman, PhD is current Professor (Dean from 1979 to 2002) at the School of Information Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM), Interim Dean, School of Education (2000-2002), and Editor-in-Chief of the peer-reviewed journal, Digest of Middle East Studies (DOMES), published by Wiley-Blackwell. He is the author of scholarly books and journal articles.

Mary Jo Aman, MLIS is Associate Editor of the Digest of Middle East Studies (DOMES). She held management positions at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and prior to UWM, held positions at the Viking Press, Nassau County, N.Y. Library System, Brooklyn Public Library; Board Member of the International Board of Books for Young People (IBBY), and Editor of its quarterly Newsletter.

About the Book
The book brings together reviews of books published on the Middle East and North Africa during the period 2015 to 2018, thus supplementing the earlier edition published in 2016 that covers reviews from 2011 to 2014. The book is a valuable addition to Middle East literature, and will provide an informative read for experts and non-experts on the MENA countries. As with the first edition, this volume covers signed book reviews that cover subjects on the humanities, philosophy, religion, social sciences, history, arts, and literature. Together, the two volumes should serve as valuable sources for current literature on the MENA region and the subjects of interests to readers on the region.

 

The Politics of Impeachment

Margaret Tseng, Editor

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As changes in our political system have developed over the last two centuries, impeachment has grown even more political. The polarization of political parties, the power of interest groups and the expansion of suffrage has deeply impacted who we elect. Those elected officials, in turn, are responsible for overseeing the impeachment process, and their decisions are impacted by party dynamics, interest group influence and the desires of their constituents. While discussion about impeachment seems ubiquitous today, on the state level, impeachments of governors are extremely rare. Over 2,000 people have served as governors in the United States, but only thirteen governors have been impeached and eight removed from office.

On the national level, there have only been two presidential impeachments, but modern presidents have faced increased impeachment efforts. Every president since Ronald Reagan has faced some type of impeachment resolution from the opposing party. President Trump is no exception. Starting from his first day in office, over a million people signed an online impeachment petition and within six months of taking office he faced articles of impeachment from two Democratic congressmen.

This edited volume addresses the increased political nature of impeachment. It is meant to be a wide overview of impeachment on the federal and state level, including: the politics of bringing impeachment articles forward, the politicized impeachment proceedings, the political nature of how one conducts oneself during the proceedings and the political fallout afterwards. The group of men profiled in this book are an interesting, over-the-top group of politicians including Richard Nixon, Bill Clinton, William Sulzer, Evan Mecham, and Rod Blagojevich.

Margaret Tseng is Professor and Chair of the Department of History and Politics at Marymount University in Arlington, Virginia. She also serves as the director of the American Heritage Initiative at Marymount. She earned her Ph.D. from Georgetown University. She is co-editor of The Presidents as Commander-in-Chief series with the Naval Institute Press.

 

Donald J. Trump’s Presidency: International Perspectives

Editors: John Dixon and Max J. Skidmore

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President Donald J. Trump’s foreign policy rhetoric and actions become more understandable by reference to his personality traits, his worldview, and his view of the world. His campaign rhetoric catered to Americans comfortable with isolationism and certainly with no appetite for foreign military engagements. So, his foreign policy emphasis was on American isolationism and economic nationalism. He is not really interested in delving too deeply into some of the substantive issues of international politics, particularly the prevailing quandaries in the East Asia, Middle East and North Africa, and Central and Eastern Europe. Why bother when simple solutions will suffice, for his purposes. He has placed America’s global superpower status at risk. The gradual decline of its global influence seems inevitable.

Companion volume: John Dixon, Donald J. Trump as U.S. President: “It’s all about me!” (Westphalia Press, Washington, DC, 2018).

John Dixon is Professor of Public Administration at the Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey. He is a fellow of the British Academy of the Social Sciences in 2004, and has been an honorary life member of the American Phi Beta Delta Honor Society for International Scholars since 2006.

Max J. Skidmore is University of Missouri’s Curators’ Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Thomas Jefferson Fellow at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. He has been Distinguished Fulbright Lecturer to India, and Senior Fulbright Scholar at the University of Hong Kong.

Epidemic Cholera: The Mission and Mystery, Haunts and Havocs, Pathology and Treatment

by A Former Surgeon in the Service of the Honorable East India Company

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Epidemic cholera is truly awful. Cholera causes violent cramps, vomiting and diarrhea that are so frequent and serious that the body will quickly dehydrate. A person infected with cholera can die within a few hours because the dehydration can be so severe that the blood coagulates. Cholera was deadly because of several longstanding inaccurate thoughts on its cause: namely, that ‘inferior’ people with personal failings, or members of a different culture, combined with exposure to environmental filth, were likely to fall victim. While environmental issues are a cause–contaminated drinking water is a major contributor to cholera outbreaks–during the 1800s and onwards, physicians believed that personal characteristics also contributed to cholera. This volume offers a snapshot in time on these beliefs manifested in terms of approach and treatment. Sadly, cholera is far from a dated disease. Yemen is currently facing a major cholera crisis, with smaller outbreaks recently reported in Somalia and Darfur.

 

Demand the Impossible: Essays in History as Activism

Editors: Nathan Wuertenberg and William Horne

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Born from the wave of activism that followed the inauguration of President Trump, Demand the Impossible asks scholars what they can do to help solve present-day crises. The twelve essays in this volume draw inspiration from present-day activists. They examine the role of history in shaping ongoing debates over monuments, racism, clean energy, health care, poverty, and the Democratic Party. Together they show the ways that the issues of today are historical expressions of power that continue to shape the present. Adequately addressing them means understanding their origins.

The way our society remembers the past has long served to cement inequality. It is no accident that the ahistorical slogan “make America great again” emerged after decades of income inequality and a generation of funding cuts to higher education. But the movement toward openly addressing injustice and inequality though historical inquiry is growing. Although many historians remain tucked away in ivory towers of their own making, we join a long tradition of activist scholars like W.E.B. Du Bois, C.L.R. James, and C. Vann Woodward, as well as a growing wave of engaged colleagues including Keri Leigh Merritt, who penned the foreword for this volume. As historians and citizens, we feel a responsibility to preserve an authentic vision of the past in a moment riddled with propaganda and lies. In doing so, we hope to help provide a framework to fight the inequities we inherited from prior generations that are repurposed and enshrined by the powerful today.

Nathan Wuertenberg is a doctoral candidate at The George Washington University. He is conducting research for a doctoral dissertation on the 1775 American invasion of Quebec, entitled “Divided We Stand: The American War for Independence, the 1775 Quebec Campaign, and the Rise of Nations in the Twilight of Colonial Empires.” William Horne is a PhD candidate at The George Washington University researching the relationship of race to labor, freedom, and capitalism in post-Civil War Louisiana. His dissertation, “Carceral State: Baton Rouge and its Plantation Environs Across Emancipation,” examines the ways in which white supremacy and capitalism each depended on restricting black freedom in the aftermath of slavery.

 

Secrets & Lies in the United Kingdom: Analysis of Political Corruption

by Fabienne Portier-Le Cocq

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Secrets & Lies in the United Kingdom: Analysis of Political Corruption lifts the shroud of secrecy in the United Kingdom in relation to modern freemasonry in Scotland in the late-18th century, the ‘Stolen Generations’ in Australia from the early 1900s to the late 1970s, Enoch Powell’s motives for resigning, Britain’s secret plan for a nuclear power station in Wales, intentional and unintentional disclosures of secret information about the Liberal Democrats and their rivals, the ‘culture of secrecy’ of English police forces, and the paradoxical co-existence of secrecy and transparency in the English justice system.

Editor Fabienne Portier-Le Cocq is Professor of Contemporary British Studies at the University of Tours, France, and conducted research for the European Commission (Daphne II programme) for four years. She authored Sexualités et maternités des adolescentes : Voix anglaises et écossaises (Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2009), co-authored Les Politiques de jeunesse au Royaume-Uni et en France (Presses Sorbonne nouvelle, 2012), and has recently edited Fertility, Health and Lone Parenting: European Contexts (Routledge, 2017). She is currently preparing a book on motherhood in the global context.

 

Ongoing Issues in Georgian Policy and Public Administration

Edited by Bonnie Stabile and Nino Ghonghadze

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Thriving democracy and representative government depend upon a well functioning civil service, rich civic life and economic success. Georgia has been considered a top performer among countries in South Eastern Europe seeking to establish themselves in the post-Soviet era at the start of the 21st century. Georgia’s challenges in pubic administration reform provide unique illustrations of universal struggles of governance, including encouraging civic engagement, inculcating the values of public service, combatting corruption and nurturing economic development. Written from the vantage point of Georgian academics, many with first hand experience as public servants, in collaboration with US scholars, the chapters in this volume offer insights that should be of broad interest to public administrators and policymakers everywhere.

Bonnie Stabile is Director of the Master of Public Policy Program and Research Assistant Professor at the Schar School of Policy and Government at George Mason University in Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Nino Ghonghadze is Professor at the Georgian Institute of Public Affairs in Tbilisi, Georgia.

 

 

For Rulers: Priming Political Leaders for Saving Humanity from Itself

by Yehezkel Dror

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In this striking book, Yehezkel Dror bravely goes where few authors dare, offering a big-picture view of the fateful choices facing the human species. He urges humankind to adopt unconventional survival and thriving strategies, including elevating the future of humanity above state interests, limiting the production and spread of dangerous knowledge and tools, and strengthening humanity’s collective deliberative capacity.

The author confronts the evolutionary trap of science and technology ensnaring unprepared humankind by providing it with awesome future-shaping power, which contemporary values and institutions are unable to handle. Dror warns that tribal and nationalist values, the inability to learn from history, and mediocre leadership will catastrophically endanger the future of human life, making radical, even painful, innovations essential.

According to Dror, the prevailing form of politics is obsolete. Instead, he argues urgently for a new type of political leader – “Homo Sapiens Governors” – willing and able to fulfill the daunting mission to save humanity from itself.

Recognizing that the tyrannical status quo will try to prevent essential transformations, Dror predicts new crises making what is still unthinkable clearly compelling – and that humankind will have to choose: learn rapidly to survive and thrive, or perish.

YEHEZKEL DROR is professor emeritus at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Recognized as a founder of modern policy studies, he integrates multi-disciplinary scholarship with extensive personal experience as a global advisor into a novel paradigm on alternative evolutionary futures of humanity – as shaped by fateful choices humanity has never before faced.

 

Issues in Maritime Cyber Security

Editors: Dr. Joe DiRenzo III, Dr. Nicole K. Drumhiller, Dr. Fred S. Roberts


The world relies on maritime commerce to move exceptionally large portions of goods, services, and people. Collectively this effort comprises the Maritime Transportation System or MTS. A major component of this daunting multifaceted enterprise are cyber networks, and the infrastructure they control. From the complex programs managing the loading and unloading of containers to waiting trucks, to the global navigation systems onboard vessels, to the hydraulic valves designed to protect spills into waterways that are located and controlled by cyber systems within chemical, water/wastewater, or petroleum plants, the MTS is becoming increasingly automated.

The impact of the cyber element on the international MTS is significant. Yet, with the clear advantages this brings, come vulnerabilities, and challenges. Researchers have demonstrated that it is possible to remotely take control of a vessel by spoofing its GPS. The news has reported attacks that shut down a floating oil rig by tilting it. The electronic positioning software systems on ships are vulnerable to attacks that could modify les and charts, causing potential for serious damage. The complexity of the problem of making our MTS safe from cyber attack is daunting and the need for all stakeholders in both government (at all levels) and private industry to be involved in cyber security is more significant than ever as the use of the MTS continues to grow.

While there is literature about the maritime transportation system, and about cyber security, to date there is very little literature on this converging area. This pioneering book is beneficial to a variety of audiences, as a text book in courses looking at risk analysis, national security, cyber threats, or

maritime policy; as a source of research problems ranging from the technical area to policy; and for practitioners in government and the private sector interested in a clear explanation of the array of cyber risks and potential cyber-defense issues impacting the maritime community.

About the Editors: Dr. Joe DiRenzo III is a retired Coast Guard Officer. Dr. Nicole K. Drumhiller is the Program Director of Intelligence Studies at American Military University. Dr. Fred S. Roberts is Director of the Department of Homeland Security University Center of Excellence CCICADA, based at Rutgers University.


Release date: July 2017

Pacific Hurtgen: The American Army in Northern Luzon, 1945

by Robert M. Young

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Too often in war many of its campaigns are forgotten. One such forgotten campaign occurred in the Philippines during the last year of World War II. American Army units fought a bitter battle against dug-in, fanatical Japanese soldiers on the Philippine island of Luzon. It was a campaign that need not have happened. American forces throughout the Pacific were on Japan’s doorstep but due to the immense power and personal desires of a singular commander, General Douglas MacArthur, the Philippines would once again become a major theater of the war. It did not bring the defeat of Japan any closer but did leave many thousands of American soldiers dead and tens of thousands wounded. In Europe, the American Army’s most wasteful campaign occurred in the Hurtgen Forest in 1944. Luzon would be the Pacific Hurtgen.

About the Author 
Dr. Robert Young received a B.A. from St. John’s University, an M.A. from Brooklyn College, and a Ph.D in Military History from the C.U.N.Y. Graduate Center. He is currently an Associate Professor at American Military University as well as a New York City High School History teacher. He is the author of numerous articles on World War II and post-Cold War conflicts. A New York City native and United States Army veteran, he currently lives in Long Island with his wife and two children.

 

 

Nonprofit Organizations and Disaster: Individual, Organizational and Network Approaches to Emergency Management

Edited by Scott Robinson and Haley Murphy

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Disasters have become a more salient part of our life. Events ranging from terrorist attacks to major hurricanes to heatwaves can significantly disrupt our communities and place the most vulnerable among us at risk. The largest of these events—within seeming increasing frequency—test our communities’ capacity to handle these threats. These broad threats call for a broad range of responses—and responding organizations.

This text collects a series of perspectives on the role of charitable and nonprofit organizations in helping our communities address the threats served by natural and man-made disasters. The chapters introduce varying approaches that assess the nature of non-profit organizations responding to disasters from the personal to the systemic level. They leave the reader with an appreciation for the diverse roles that nonprofit organizations play in community disaster preparedness and response along with the challenges they face.

The contributions to this volume were selected by Scott E. Robinson and Haley Murphy from recent scholarship appearing in the academic journal Risk, Hazards, and Crisis in Public Policy. Scott E. Robinson is Professor and Bellmon Chair of Public Service in the Department of Political Science at the University of Oklahoma. Haley Murphy is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at Oklahoma State University.

A Strategy for Implementing the Reconciliation Process Between Israel and the Palestinians

by Alon Ben-Meir PhD

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The most puzzling aspect of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is that after 69 years of mutual violence, enmity and suffering, it remains unresolved even when coexistence is inevitable and a two-state solution remains the only viable option. Although there are many contentious issues that must be specifically addressed, it is the psychological dimension of the conflict which directly impacts every conflicting issue and makes it increasingly intractable. To mitigate the conflict, we must first look into the elements that inform the psychological dimension and how to alleviate them as prerequisites to finding a solution.

Dr. Alon Ben Meir is a professor and Senior Fellow at New York University’s Center for Global Affairs and Senior Fellow at the World Policy Institute. Dr. Ben- Meir is an expert on Middle East politics and affairs, specializing in international negotiations and conflict resolution. In the past two decades, Ben-Meir has been directly involved in Track II diplomacy related to various conflicts in the Middle East, including numerous negotiations between Israel and its neighboring countries and Turkey.

 

 

Growing Inequality: Bridging Complex Systems, Population Health, and Health Disparities

Editors: George A. Kaplan, Ana V. Diez Roux, Carl P. Simon, and Sandro Galea

No single factor—but a system of intertwined causes — explains why America’s health is poorer than the health of other wealthy countries and why health inequities persist despite our efforts. Teasing apart the relationships between these many causes to find solutions has proven extraordinarily difficult. But now, in this book, researchers report on groundbreaking insights using computer-based systems science tools to simulate how these determinants come together to produce levels of population health and disparities and test new solutions.

The culmination of over five years of work by experts from a more than a dozen disciplines, this book represents a bold step forward in identifying why some populations are healthy and others are not. Applying the techniques of systems science, it shows how these tools can be used to increase our understanding of the individual, group, and institutional factors that generate a wide range of health and social problems. Most importantly, it demonstrates the utility and power of these techniques to both wisely guide our understanding and help policy makers know what works.

Recent review of Growing Inequality by Interdisciplinary Association of Population Health Science (IAPHS):
https://iaphs.org/book-review-complex-systems-population-health-insights-network-inequality-complexity-health/


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“This book begins the process of unraveling some of the most ‘wicked’ problems in public health.”                 — Tony Iton, MD, JD, MPH—The California Endowment

… an intellectually courageous undertaking. It faces up to the reality of complexity in the social determinants of health. Its achievements and its documentation of difficulties will serve as a valuable foundation for the next generation of scientists and scholars who aim to understand the determinants of health and of health disparities.” 
Harvey V. Fineberg, MD, PhD, President, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and Former President, the Institute of Medicine

…goes beyond the search for a simplistic answer to health disparities and instead embraces the complexity. This is exactly what is needed if we are to improve population health and eliminate disparities.” 
Thomas A. LaVeist, PhD, Chairman, Department of Health Policy & Management, Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University
 
It is increasingly likely that in the non-distant future that population health policy will be fully informed by a coherent computational decision-support system that integrates data, analytics, systems modeling, forecasting, and cost-effectiveness. This book marks a serious movement toward that future.” 
Donald S. Burke, MD, Associate Vice Chancellor for Global Health, Dean, Graduate School of Public Health UPMC, Jonas Salk Professor of Global Health, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburg

International Journal of Epidemiology
https://academic.oup.com/ije/article/47/1/351/4819238
“a master-class in how to model and how to apply complexity thinking to public health problems.”

Sociology and Complexity Science Blog
http://sacswebsite.blogspot.com/2017/06/growing-inequality-bridging-complex.html
“the main point of the book remains cutting-edge and clear: if we are to advance our ability to more effectively address the complex health inequalities that now exist on a global level — and the myriad intersections they have with such global complexities as economy, politics, geography, ecology and culture — it is imperative that public health scholars and the larger healthcare field (and those they serve) embrace a complex systems perspective.”

Epidemiology Monitor
http://www.epimonitor.net/George-Kaplan-Interview.htm

American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Am J Prev Med 2018;54(6):845–847
“A stronger capacity to understand complex systems would help medicine and public health. It would help us understand the surrounding ecosystem within which A and B operate; the unrecognized factors that shape outcomes; and the smartest system strategies for health care, public health, and social policy to maximize effectiveness. If this occurs, the field may look back at the book by Kaplan et al. as a seminal work that helped launch a new literature. If not, we will continue studying trees and ignoring the forest.”

American Journal of Public Health
AJPH June 2018, Vol 108, No. 6
“The editors of Growing Inequality describe new computer-based systems science tools to simulate how social determinants of health disparities are occurring in many important public health outcomes and test new possible solutions. Complex systems thinking offers the possibility of developing and implementing innovative systems strategies in the form of policy decisions and possible interventions.”

 

 

 

 

International or Local Ownership?: Security Sector Development in Post-Independent Kosovo

by Dr. Florian Qehaja

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International or Local Ownership? contributes to the debate on the concept of local ownership in post-conflict settings, and discussions on international relations, peacebuilding, security and development studies. It utilizes extensive data collection, including public opinion surveys conducted throughout the country, in order to introduce the concept of local ownership from a policy level towards academia. Empirical data on the relationship between international community and locals in the process of design, management and control of the security sector in the post-independent Kosovo represents one of the most intriguing examples of extensive international community involvement in a state-building project.

Qehaja explains why an excessive role from the international community, which offers no clear exit strategy, has led to the rejection of externally driven policies by local constituencies, finding no applicability in the context of Kosovo. It also shows how international involvement has led to a detachment of security policy from local reality, causing fragmentation and limited sustainability.

Florian Qehaja is currently the Director of Kosovar Centre for Security Studies (KCSS), one of the most prominent think tanks in the Western Balkans. He has over twelve years of experience in cooperating with leading international governmental and non-governmental organisations in Kosovo and the Western Balkans. Mr. Qehaja is author of several scientific and policy publications in the security field, and the recipient of prestigious Fulbright and OSI/Chevening scholarships.

 

 

The Idea of Neoliberalism: The Emperor Has Threadbare Contemporary Clothes

byJohn Dixon

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Neoliberalism, as a set of ideas, represents the 1970s rebirth—rebranding—of classical liberalism, which originated in the mid-eighteenth century Scottish Enlightenment. This book is about those ideas. It assembles an archetypal ideational construct of neoliberalism, so permitting the demarcation of its worldview, grounded in a set of framing assumptions (organizing ideas) and associated blind spots (reality obfuscations), which enables social reality to be consistently—but incompletely—described, explained, and understood as Neoliberalism presume it to be. This is the methodological tool used to mark out and analyse the incompleteness of the dogma—the Holy Grail—of neoliberalism. The conclusion drawn is that, metaphorically, the emperor’s clothes—all made made in a bygone era—are threadbare for the twenty-first century.

Professor John Dixon B Econ, M Econ, PhD (Public Management and Administration) is Professor of Public Administration in the Department of Political Science and Public Administration at the Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey. He is Emeritus Professor of Public Policy and Management at the University of Plymouth in the United Kingdom. He was elected a fellow of the British Academy of the Social Sciences in 2004, and has been an honorary life member of the American Phi Beta Delta Honor Society for International Scholars since 2006, nominated by the Public Policy Organization and the American Political Science Association.

 

Invasions of the Gulf: Radicalism, Ritualism and the Shaikhs

by Paul Rich

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The Gulf was ruled for a good part of the 19th and 20th centuries from India, and those who served there constituted a unique, small foreign service of their own. Their public (private boarding in American usage) school backgrounds taught them to believe in elitism and snobbery, which they passed on to their sheikhs who became obsessed with their own positions, their wealth, and rituals surrounding their majlis and the pompous titles of Highness and regal monarchy.

As Dr. Rich asks, if the British had come from ordinary schools would they have thought less about elitism and more about providing good education for their charges? Would the sheikhs have paid for education instead of thoroughbred racehorses? Would they still have treated Indians as houseboys?

The Residents did not see any incongruity between their own privileged education, and the lack of attention they paid to often appalling local conditions. If accused of neglect, the colonial rulers could reply that without them the Arabs of the Gulf would have been even worse off.

Dr. Rich’s verdict on the years of British rule is far from favourable. His conclusion is that British achievements were decidedly modest, and that a legacy was left behind which combined the worst features of Indo-British and Arab tradition. The rulers of the Gulf need to take crash courses in history, pluralism and constitutionalism if they are to survive. If the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq had brought the Gulf to its senses, then some good might have come from it. Obviously not. Perhaps the world is reaping the results of British policy that left a system in the Gulf which could not adapt, burdened by frontiers which are now questioned. Stability accompanied by social inertia was what the century and a half of British rule provided.

 

The War in the Cradle of the World

by Eleanor Franklin Egan, Introduction by Paul Rich

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This book is an outstanding example of how the highly subjective and the autobiographical dominated writing about the Middle East in the first half of the twentieth century. Serious political analysis was thin on the ground. Egan was fortunate in the quality of her contacts in the area, including Lt. General Sir William Raine Marshall, who was General Maude’s successor, Brig. General Robert Hughes and Admiral Sir Drury St. Aubyn Wake. 


cradleWartime in Baghdad raises questions about the relationship between the British and the Americans in the Middle East. Early in the nineteenth century the British were apprehensive about American ships trading with the Arabs, and this suspicion of both the Arabs and the Americans continued through the years. After World War I British doubts grew. Unquestionably some of the American institutions in the Middle East were breeding grounds for Arab nationalists. 


Eleanor Egan’s book should not be read for what it tells about Baghdad during a war, but as a reminder that the United States in many ways has inherited the British position in the Gulf. The American military retains a considerable respect for British military traditions.

 

Planning Resilience for High-Impact Threats to Critical Infrastructure

by Charles L. Manto and Stephanie Lokmer

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The InfraGard National Electromagnetic Pulse Special Interest Group (EMP SIG) was formed in July 2011 for the purpose of sharing information about catastrophic threats to our nation’s critical infrastructure. Those threats include extreme space weather, manmade EMP, cyber attacks, coordinated physical attacks and pandemics.
The ultimate goal of the EMP SIG is to assist local communities to enhance their own sustainability with a special emphasis on developing protected local infrastructure ranging from local power generation and energy storage to water and food production.
On October 3-6, 2011, the EMP SIG instigated and cohosted workshops and exercises at the National Defense University at Ft. McNair in Washington, D.C. and the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, MD examining scenarios of national
level power grid failures due to extreme space weather. On December 4, 2014, the EMP SIG led a workshop and table top exercise at the National Guard Association of the US to look at grid collapse scenarios due either to space weather, EMP or cyber attacks and developed a Triple Threat Power Grid Exercise. On December 5, 2014 the EMP
SIG led public sessions at the Dupont Summit that examined these issues in light of
recent developments. Beginning December 2015, the EMP SIG will develop a planning
framework for organizations to use to enhance their own continuity of operations and
disaster plans in light of the new National Space Weather Strategy.
Information on these planning materials and upcoming activities can be acquired by
contacting the EMP SIG at igempsig@infragardmembers.org. To join InfraGard and
the EMP SIG, begin the application procedure on the home page of InfraGard.org

Signpost of Learning: King Bhumibol’s Pilot Projects on Sufficiency and Sustainability in Food and Food Production

Signpost_of_Learning_Cover_for_Kindle.jpgby Frank W. Skilbeck and Keokam Kraisoraphong
Agriculture-related development projects in this publication, all initiated and nurtured by His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej and members of Thailand’s royal family, are presented out of heartfelt concern for the less fortunate and with infinite respect for the future of mankind.

Disaster Response: Medical and Health Policies

by Arnauld Nicogossian, Edited by Bonnie Stabile

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Disaster Response offers research and insights from medical professionals and policy scholars to help improve interventions and reduce suffering when disasters occur, whether they result from natural or human made threats.

Natural Gas as an Instrument of Russian State Power

by Ion A. Iftimie

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“Since the Cold War, Russia has been perceived as a broken nation that no longer represents a threat to the North Atlantic Alliance. This book emphasizes that Russia overcame this major vulnerability by developing the capacity to use unilateral economic sanctions in the form of gas pricing and gas disruptions against many European North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) member states. It agrees with many scholars and politics alike who fear that Russia will leverage its monopoly of natural gas to gain political concessions. The author suggests it is only a matter of time until Russia will use natural gas as an instrument of coercion to disrupt NATO’s decision making process.”

-Douglas C. Lovelace, Jr.
Director, Strategic Studies Institute

A former Intelligence Officer, Ion A. Iftimie is an energy security expert with over one decade of successfully advising senior military, business, and government leaders on Eurasian natural gas industry and related national security issues.