Joseph Stebbins: A Pioneer at the Outbreak of the Revolution

by George Sheldon

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This is an account of one person’s dilemmas during the American Revolution and its aftermath. Joseph Stebbins was born in 1749. He was thrust into the conflict as captain of a militia company of soldiers from Deerfield, Massachusetts. Many colonists experienced mixed emotions about the war, its need and likelihood of success. This work shows Stebbins as a powerful figure galvanizing support for the Revolutionary War in his community.

After the conclusion of the war, colonists faced another difficult task: contrary opinions about the course of the new nation. Conflicting ideals led to Shays Rebellion as Daniel Shays was joined by thousands of fellow citizens in Western Massachusetts in a fight against excessive taxation. Stebbins opposed Shays Rebellion, and for his support, the Massachusetts government rewarded him by promotion to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in 1786. The following year, he became a full colonel. Confirmed in his views by the course of history, he died in 1816.

 

Dogs in Early New England

by Howard M. Chapin

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Howard M. Chapin’s interesting and unusual study offers a look at dogs in the New England region during the 1600-1700s. He offers accounts derived from both Native Americans and incoming settlers, and includes archival evidence and photographs of artifacts. A dog fancier himself, Chapin sheds some light on a somewhat arcane and understudied aspect of animals in the early United States. This is one of the few studies of dogs in the colonial era and provides a foundation for further investigation.

Howard Millar Chapin was a prolific writer who was especially fond of colonial American history. He was born in 1887 and attended Brown University, graduating in 1908, and then went into business, running his own jewelry store. Later he worked as a manager at the Providence Evening News, and in 1912, he became the Librarian of the Rhode Island Historical Society, until his passing in 1940.

 

The Unwritten History of Old St. Augustine

by A. M. Brooks, Translated by Annie Averette

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This work was written and researched by A. M. Brooks, who was born as Abbie M. Brooks, but also wrote as Sylvia Sunshine. She wrote a great deal about Florida, including the work, Petals Plucked From Sunny Climes, which is a highly acclaimed and well researched account of the Florida area prior to the 1870s. This work, The Unwritten History of St. Augustine, is the culmination of a very daunting task, going through five huge volumes of records regarding the development of Florida found in the archives in Seville, Spain. Yet, for all of her hard work, little is known about the life and history of A. M. Brooks. Perhaps ironically, she was always tracking the past, but leaving very little of her own behind, save for her writings.

Middle East Reviews: Second Edition

Editors: Mohammed M. Aman PhD and Mary Jo Aman, MLIS

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About the Editors
Mohammed M. Aman, PhD is current Professor (Dean from 1979 to 2002) at the School of Information Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM), Interim Dean, School of Education (2000-2002), and Editor-in-Chief of the peer-reviewed journal, Digest of Middle East Studies (DOMES), published by Wiley-Blackwell. He is the author of scholarly books and journal articles.

Mary Jo Aman, MLIS is Associate Editor of the Digest of Middle East Studies (DOMES). She held management positions at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and prior to UWM, held positions at the Viking Press, Nassau County, N.Y. Library System, Brooklyn Public Library; Board Member of the International Board of Books for Young People (IBBY), and Editor of its quarterly Newsletter.

About the Book
The book brings together reviews of books published on the Middle East and North Africa during the period 2015 to 2018, thus supplementing the earlier edition published in 2016 that covers reviews from 2011 to 2014. The book is a valuable addition to Middle East literature, and will provide an informative read for experts and non-experts on the MENA countries. As with the first edition, this volume covers signed book reviews that cover subjects on the humanities, philosophy, religion, social sciences, history, arts, and literature. Together, the two volumes should serve as valuable sources for current literature on the MENA region and the subjects of interests to readers on the region.

 

Donald J. Trump’s Presidency: International Perspectives

Editors: John Dixon and Max J. Skidmore

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President Donald J. Trump’s foreign policy rhetoric and actions become more understandable by reference to his personality traits, his worldview, and his view of the world. His campaign rhetoric catered to Americans comfortable with isolationism and certainly with no appetite for foreign military engagements. So, his foreign policy emphasis was on American isolationism and economic nationalism. He is not really interested in delving too deeply into some of the substantive issues of international politics, particularly the prevailing quandaries in the East Asia, Middle East and North Africa, and Central and Eastern Europe. Why bother when simple solutions will suffice, for his purposes. He has placed America’s global superpower status at risk. The gradual decline of its global influence seems inevitable.

Companion volume: John Dixon, Donald J. Trump as U.S. President: “It’s all about me!” (Westphalia Press, Washington, DC, 2018).

John Dixon is Professor of Public Administration at the Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey. He is a fellow of the British Academy of the Social Sciences in 2004, and has been an honorary life member of the American Phi Beta Delta Honor Society for International Scholars since 2006.

Max J. Skidmore is University of Missouri’s Curators’ Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Thomas Jefferson Fellow at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. He has been Distinguished Fulbright Lecturer to India, and Senior Fulbright Scholar at the University of Hong Kong.

American Prophets of Peace: Souvenir of the National Arbitration and Peace Congress, New York, April 1907

by National Arbitration and Peace Congress

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When the Peace Congress was proposed, it was considered “the greatest gathering ever held in advocacy of the abolition of war as a means of settling international disputes, and the most important non-political gathering ever held in this country for any purpose.” The Congress was supported by a notable group, including Andrew Carnegie, which served as its president, along with numerous religious figures, editors, educators, the American Federation of Labor, the National Association of Manufacturers, and other organizations. Sadly, World Wars I, II, and the numerous wars between and after have proven the eradication of international war to be so far an elusive dream. However, documents like this offer some scaffolding and inspiration for future talks in establishing world peace.

 

The Huguenots in France: After the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes with Memoirs of Distinguished Huguenot Refugees, and A Visit to the Country of Voudois

by Samuel Smiles

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The Huguenots are French Protestants, a denomination that began during the early sixteenth century. Their place in French society oscillated between their being celebrated and defamed. On August 24, 1572, while marking Saint Bartholomew’s Day, thousands of Huguenots were massacred. After decades of fighting occurred, a guarantee of peace was issued, which largely remained in place until October 18, 1685 when Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes. Many Huguenots fled France to escape persecution, and settled in various places, such as the United States, England, Sweden, Denmark, and Switzerland.

Samuel Smiles (1812 – 1904), was a Scottish social reformer, parliamentarian, and prolific author. He promoted frugality and asserted that poverty was caused largely by irresponsible habits, which may help account for his admiration of the Huguenot culture of industry and entrepreneurship.