Hannah More

by Charlotte M. Yonge


Hannah More was born in 1745 in the village of Fishponds, located near Bristol. Her father was a teacher, which helped to ensure that Hannah and her siblings were educated. She was once engaged, but the nuptials did not take place. Instead, More enjoyed an annual payment from the broken engagement from her would-be husband, William Turner. More used the money to allow her to live her dreams–to be a writer. She wrote a great deal, especially poetry in her younger days. In 1787 she became more involved in the abolition movement. A year later, her poem, “Slavery, A Poem” became a powerful call to action against slavery by bringing attention to Britain’s role and the blight on Christianity from the ungodly practice.

She continued to fight against slavery, but also turned her attentions towards building schools for impoverished children. More also became more involved in her religious community, and her writing took on more evangelical, including writing several religious tracts. She worked in conjunction with Sunday schools to create programs to combat illiteracy. She passed away in 1833, after seeing Britain finally abolish slavery.




black and white cover image with a silhouette cutout of a family scene at the bottom

Speech and Manners for Home and School

by Miss E. S. Kirkland


E. S. Kirkland wrote books intended for children regarding domesticity in general. Her most popular book was Six Little Cooks, aiming to teach children how to cook, along with some specially selected recipes. When first released, Speech and Manners for Home and School was advertised with the following:”This book…is intended to call the attention of young people to the correct use of their mother-tongue, and to furnish some hints in regard to the most common violations of good breeding. The readers will probably find themselves conscience-stricken at the thought of their own frequent violations against “The King’s English,” not to speak of the points connected more especially with juvenile life and comprised under the general name of Manners.”





The Women of the French Salons

by Amelia Gere Mason

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Amelia Gere Mason developed Women of the French Salons by creating an archive of oral histories of women who participated in the salons. She also poured through letters, original manuscripts, memoirs and other writings of participants. Mason credits the salon culture with assisting French women in developing a strong culture of intellect, independence, knowledge and poise, which allowed for advances both individually—participating in salons helped elevate some women—and for France as a whole, as Mason argues, the salons encouraged modernity and new thought. In this work, Mason focuses on the years 1700-1900, roughly, and admittedly sacrifices some depth for breadth in illustrating how consequential salons were to culture over time. Despite her detailed research, little else is known of the life or work of Amelia Gere Mason.


Stanford Patriarchs: Preliminary Notes on the Prosopographical Significance of the Beards, Dundrearies, and Muttonchops of the First (Rather Anonymous) Trustees of Stanford University, with the Rare Bancroft Company Edition of the Founding Documents

by Paul Rich

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Stanford University is a product of the Gilded Age, when robber barons turned their attention to culture. The original Stanford trustees were commemorated in the now rare Bancroft commemorative souvenir volume, which is presented with a commentary by Professor Paul Rich.  

Paul Rich was Titular Professor of International Relations and History at the University of the Americas—Puebla, Mexico and Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University, as well as a fellow of the Royal History Society, and recipient of the James Carter and Cameron awards for social science research. He is a life governor of Harris College, Oxford University and the author of many works on the relationship between ritual and politics.


My Garden of Memory: An Autobiography of an Advocate for Early Child Education

by Kate Douglas Wiggin

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Kate Douglas Wiggin (1856-1923) was a pioneer, leading the way to massive reform of children’s education in the United States, along with her sister, Nora Archibald Smith. During the late 1800s, most people had minimal education, as children went to work at very young ages. To help combat this issue, Wiggin began the Silver Street Free Kindergarten in San Francisco. Wiggin herself had had a variety of educational experiences, including home schooling, short terms at Gorham Female Seminary, Morison Academy and Abbot Academy where she graduated in 1873. 
Wiggin started the Silver Street Free Kindergarten, and then developed a school for educational training in conjunction with it. To help raise money for the schools, she wrote several popular
books, The Story of Patsy, The Birds’ Christmas Carol and Rebecca of Sunnybrook, among others. She also wrote books on teaching, such as Kindergarten Principles and Practice. My Garden of Memory was published posthumously and offers a detailed look at her interesting and meaningful life.

This edition is dedicated to Dr. Karan Powell, Provost of the American Public University System and in her own way a pioneer in extending the boundaries of learning.

The Design of Life: Development from a Human Perspective

by Dr. Norman S. Rose PhD

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“The spiral is the pattern of all things in the universe that move and grow.”
With those words, Dr. John Waskom would take his audience through time and space, through cosmos and microcosm, through human anatomy, and finally through the stages of our lives. And it all fit together with an elegance that was both surprising and comforting. John Waskom could indeed sense and demonstrate the “magic of design” as it expressed through numbers, patterns of nature, and human proportions.

But then he turned to deeper matters. “Do you suppose…?” he would begin to ask, over and over. And now he would lead his audience through speculations on child-rearing and education: What would it mean to raise and educate children in a way that respected what was inherent in their natural design? What would it mean to give young people experiences rather than answering their questions? What would it mean to be parents and teachers who were more concerned with observing patterns than with following habit and tradition?

Norman Rose was in such an audience, and it inspired him to make natural human development his life work. This book is a culmination of that work, beginning with the ideas of his mentor and expanding them into a unified view of the entire human lifespan – and the parental, educational, and therapeutic approaches that could make natural development a reality.

Dr. Rose has taught at all levels, from early elementary grades through university teacher preparation programs. He is also a gardener, hiker, and music composer with several published albums.

Strategies for Online Education: New Paradigms: Internet Learning Journal: Vol. 4, No. 1

by Melissa Layne

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Internet Learning Journal (ILJ) is a biannual, open-access, doubleblind peer-reviewed academic publication sponsored by The Policy Studies Organization (PSO) and American Public University System (APUS). The aim of Internet Learning Journal (ILJ) is to provide a venuBookCoverImage-3e for the publication of quality academic research with an emphasis on representing innovation in online teaching, learning and scholarship.

Our title shows our focus and our ambition. Our subject matter is the revolution that online learning has brought to the academy. Since the University of Bologna was founded in 1088, instruction was done face to face with the technologies of speaking and writing. The digital revolution has now offered an alternative to the physical classroom. For the first time, we can look at classroom data, patterns of interaction and patterns of learning fixed in data points. The digital revolution threatens to change how students learn, teachers teach and the education institutions manage data. We hope to become a forum for the larger issues of data collection, assessment and online learning. We look forward to keeping the great conversation alive.

Manuscripts and inquiries may be submitted to Dr. Melissa Layne, Editor-in-Chief of Internet Learning Journal, mlayne@apus.edu