by W. H. Watts
Chess is seemingly a universal game, played by people around the world, but is believed to have originated in India sometime during the 600s, then appearing in its more known incantation with the differently powered pieces over 800 years later in Spain. It wasn’t until the 1800s when chess rules were standardized. As it is very much a game of the world, the chess community is internationally organized under the Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) or World Chess Federation. Chess has long been associated with intelligence and skill, and has served a variety of purposes over time. During the Renaissance, it was used for teaching military strategy; during the Enlightenment it was thought to help teach foresight and caution; during the Cold War is also became a battle ground for the strength of various ideologies. The game appears fairly simple, featuring a checkered board with 16 pieces, and can be won by checkmate, resignation or draw. It is anything but simple, as these chess matches will illustrate, full of various, unique openings, pawn structures, endgame maneuvers and more. This edition is dedicated to Ronald Eustace, chess player and gentleman extraordinary.